Early Clugston Records

Early Clugston References in Scotland

Many references are found in “Galloway Charters”, R.C. Reid (1960). Available online at

Adam de Gloggeston appears in the “Ragman Rolls” 1291-1296. (https://archive.org/details/instrumentapublica00thomuoft, p 167).


In 1423 John Clugestoun was a witness to the charter of the king to James Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Constable of France, who was effectively the commander-of-chief of the French army during the Hundred Years War. The witnesses were the bishop of Brechinen, the Archdeacon of St. Andrews, Alano Hostario, David Hastinges, John de Vallibus, John de Cambrun, Rogero de Lorengis, Hugon Flondres, the brother of the Magistro de Ouide, Laurencio the archdeacon of St Andrews, George de Malwyle, Joh. Clugestoun, Wil. de Sandfoz, clerk. All except Malwyle, Clugestoun and Sandfoz have “D.” in front of their names, which I presume means “Dominus” (“Lord”).
“The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, 1306-1688”, p 21. https://archive.org/stream/registrummagnisi02scot

1406: Alexander Frazer, Lord of Philorth and Clogstoune, granted the lands of Closerath and Drumdowle in the Barony of Clogstoune in the sherrifdom of Wigtown to his cousin, Joneta Makgillumquha.
discussion in https://archive.org/stream/frasersofphilov100fras#page/120
Referenced again in 1513

Rental book of the Cisterian Abbey of Cupar-Angus
1443: The Church of Mathy was let to Sir Robert of Clogston and John of Hawyk, for 9 years for free annual payment of 40 pounds.
1448: one sixth of Aberbothery was let to Symon Morison and Thomas de Clogstoun
1454: one sixth of Grange of Aberbothery to Thomas Clogston. He was permitted two cottars (peasants) and two pigs
1462: one sixteenth of the Grange was leased to Thomas Clogston
1473: one third of Morton was leased to John Mychy and Robert Clogstoun

Vatican Regesta. Vol. CCCCLVIII 7 Id. Aug. (7 Aug.) S. Maria Maggiore, Rome. (f. 38d.)

To Mark, bishop of Alessandria, residing in the Roman court. Faculty to grant to Robert Clogston, a Cistercian monk of Cupar in the diocese of St. Andrews, licentiate in decrees by examination, who alleges that he has licence from the university of St. Andrews for the purpose, if found fit after examination by the above bishop and two or three other doctors of decrees, the insignia of the doctorate in that faculty, with the enjoyment of all privileges etc., as if he were to receive the said insignia in the said univerity. Eos qui laboribus. (M. Ferrarii. | xxviii. Callio. Jo. de Cremonensibis.) [In the margin: Julii. 1 p.—]


1456. 17 Kal. Sept. (16 Aug.) S. Maria Maggiore, Rome. (f. 276.)

To the bishop of St. Andrews, the abbot of Lindores (de Lundoris) in the diocese of St. Andrews and the prior of St. Andrews. Mandate, as below. The pope has been informed by Robert Clogstown, a Cistercian monk of Cupar (de Cupro) in the diocese of St. Andrews, doctor of canon law, that David Crach, minister of the Trinitarian house of the place of Berwick and rector of the rectory of the parish church of Reenos (? rectius Ketnes) in the said diocese, canonically annexed to the said house, in order the more quickly to obtain the said house and rectory, promised by oath to give and assign, and did assign, to Peter Stirlyng, a Trinitarian friar, a moiety every year of the fruits etc. of the said house and rectory, and also two chaldrons (duas celdias, rectius celdras) of victuals to the vicar of the said rectory, and also made divers unlawful contracts with several persons, ecclesiastical and secular, in regard to the alienation of rights and goods belonging to the said rectory, and otherwise to rule and administer ill the said house and rectory; that David is a public perjurer and simoniac, and is much defamed in those parts of these and divers other crimes. The pope therefore orders the above three, if and after the said Robert (who has made his open profession of the said Cistercian order, and in times past was of great service to the said monastery [of Cupar], and has a singular affection for the said Trinitarian order) accuses David (who is illegitimate, and who without having obtained any dispensation got vicious entry to the said house and rectory (fn. 17) ) before the above three, to summon David, and if they find the foregoing or enough thereof for the purpose to be true, to deprive and remove him, and in that event to collate and assign the said house (which from of old is conventual) and the said rectory, their value not exceeding 30l. sterling, to Robert, the place thereof, situate in the realm of Scotland and on the borders of the enemies of the country, being unlawfully in the possession of the said enemies, and their buildings being, on account of divers translations or detentions, occupations and illicit contracts of very many past ministers of the said house greatly ruined, and their fruits and rents, vestments and ornaments greatly desolated, especially inasmuch as the minister-general of the said Trinitarian order lives beyond the seas and does not visit the said place. As soon as Robert has obtained possession of the said house and rectory, they are to transfer him from the said monastery of Cupar to the said Trinitarian order, and receive and cause him to be received as a friar thereof, and receive his regular profession etc. Religionis zelus, litterarum sciencia, vite etc. (M. Ferrarii. | xxxv. Callio. L. Bussa.) [In the margin: Augusti. 4 pp.]


In 1480/1481, Walter of Clogstone was mentioned in a charter to collect rent for the altar of St Ninian at the Dundee parish church. He apparently had neighbouring lands.
“The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, 1306-1688”, p 303. https://archive.org/stream/registrummagnisi02scot

1471 John Clugstoune, who had sasine of Clugston, was granted debt relief.


1484.1.22 John Clugston, sasine of estate in Kirkcowan

1485.7.1 Sir Alexander Clugstone was the first witness to a bequest for the poor lepers living in the hospital near Glasgow bridge. The notary was George Lorn, priest of Glasgow.

1490.6.2 Sir Alexander Clugston was the Notary Public of the Abbey of Paisley, Glasgow

1490.10.25 Sir Alexander Clukistone was admitted as a member of the University of Glasgow, on St Crispin’s Day

In 1493.4.16, Sir Alexander Clugstoune was a witness to a “Obligation by John Earl of Lennax and Mathew Steward, his son, to maintain Sir John of Mungumry of the Heiehthede, and his heirs, in tbe lands of Pottartone and Dieeonysbank, 16tb April 1493.” He appears as “Schir Alexander of Clubstone, notar” and again as “Schir Alexander Clugstone”. (https://archive.org/details/memoirsofmaxwev100fras, “Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollock”, p 205)

In 1498, Alexander Clugstoun, notary, was a witness to a charter in Rothissay.
The witnesses were “Geo. Wallace de Ellerslee, Rob. Simple de Fowlwod, Alex. Caldwell de eodem, Niniano Merschell de Clachrorir, et Alex. Clugstoun notario”.

He appears several times in the records of Paisley Abbey. This letter describes things that happened in 1488.

“Et ego Alexander Clugston presbiter Candidecase diocesis, publicus
authoritatibus imperiali et regali Notarius, prescriptarum litterarum
receptioni, inspectioni et decreto, ceterisque omnibus et singulis dum
sic ut premittitur agerentur et fierent, unacum prenominatis testibus
interfui, eaque omnia et singula sic sieri vidi et audivi ac in notam
cepi, ex qua hoc presens publicum instrumentura sive hoc presens
transumptum, manu mea propria scriptum, feci et in hanc publicam
formam redegi, fignoque nomine meis solitis et consuetis signavi, rogatus et requifitus, in fidem et testimonium veritatis omnium et singulorum premissorum.”
Translation: “And I Alexander Clugston, priest of Galloway diocese, imperial public authorities and royal notary,…”

A list of the places in Galloway where Alexander could have worked are here:

In 1497, John Dunbar of Mochrum was granted the right of choosing a bride for Patrick Clugston, son of John of Clugston.

107. Apud . . . , 13 Jul [1497]
A Letter to JOHNE OF DUNBAR of Mochrum, of the gift of the mariage of Patrik Clugston, sone and apperand are to umquhile Johne of Clugston of that ilk, and falzeand that he deces unmaryt, the mariage of the are of [or] airis quhatsumevir succedand to his heritage, etc. Per subscriptionem Regis et compositores.
Gratis Johanni Dunbar de Mochrum.
“Registrum secreti sigilli regum Scotorum. The register of the Privy seal of Scotland” p 201, https://archive.org/details/registrumsecret00scotgoog

In Feb 1499/1500, Patrick Clugistoun resigned half of the lands of Clugistoun. They were transferred to John Dunbar of Mochrum. Patrick evidently moved to Gass, a farm in the remaining half of Clugston.
The mention of the “mansione” near Gas is difficult to understand. In the 1845-1849 Ordnance Survey, Gas was described as “an indifferent and thatched cottage with outoffices and a large farm of land attached. the farm is chiefly mountain ground”.

2520. Apud Striveling, 14 Feb. REX confirmavit PATRICIO CLUGISTOUN de eodem, et heredibus ejus, — 4 mercatas terrarum antiqui extentus de Bordland, cum molendino earundem, 3 mere. ant. ext. de Gas, cum mansione earundem, 1 mere. ant. ext. de Drumdowle et Knokcoile, 1 mere. ant. ext. de Berclawane, 1 mere. ant. ext. de Lochcregauch, et 1 mere. ant. ext. de Cragdow, vic. Wigtoun; – quas idem Pat. personaliter resignavit : — Test, ut in carta 2516.

2521. Apud Striveling, 14 Feb.
REX concessit JOHANNI DUNBAR de Mochrum, — 12 mercatas terrarum antiqui
extentus de Derregill, cum superioritato earundem, 7 merc. ant. ext. de Mondork,
cum superioritato earundem, 6 merc. ant. ext., viz. 3 merc. de McKeis-Crossery et 3 merc. de McKauchee-Crossery, cum superioritate earundem, ac 2 merc. cum dimedia ant. ext. de Barquhill, cum superioritate earundem, una cum tertia parte unius acre terrarum ant. ext. de Cragdow de proprietate de Clugstoun, super limitem 5 mercatarum de Craghauch, in baronia de Mochrum, vic. Wigtoun ; — quas Pat. Clugstoun de eodem personaliter resignavit : — Tenend. dicto Joh. et heredibus ejus inter ipsum et Jonetam Stewart ejus sponsam procreatis, quibus deficientibus, legitimis et propinquioribus heredibus dicti Job. quibuscunque : — Test, ut in carta
251fi. xiii. 629.
“The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, 1306-1688”, item 2520, p535 https://archive.org/stream/registrummagnisi02scot

In 1500, the remainder of the barony of Clugston were transferred to John Dunbar.

2578. Apud Edinburgh, 22 Mar.
REX confirmavit cartam Pat. Clugstoun de Gass, — [qua, pro certa summa pecunie persoluta, vendidit et alienavit JOHIANNI DUXBAR de Mouchrum — omnes terras suas, viz. 3 mercatas terrarum de Gass, 4 mere, de Bordland, 2 merc, de Lochcregach, 1 merc, de Drumdowill et Knokcowill, et 1 merc, de Cragdow, vie. Wigtoun : — Tenend. dicto Joh. et heredibus inter ipsum et Jonetam ejus sponsam, et assignatis, quibus deficientibus, legitimis et propinquioribus heredibus dicti Joh. quibuscunque : — Reddend. regi servitium warde : — Reservaxdo sibi hberiun tenementum, et rationabilem tertiam partem uxori sue si contingeret : — Test. Joh. Eklis filio et herede apparente Johannis Eklis de eodem, Geo. Dunbar filio dicti Joh. Dunbar, Geo. Ahannay, Alex. M’Culloch, Aich. Cunyburgh, D. Mauricio Logane, capellanis, et Nigello Maknacht : — Apud Moclirum, 21 Feb. 1500]

In 1507, Patrick Dunbar and his wife Margaret Vaus were granted ownership of Gass and Clugistoun.

1411. Apud Edinburgh, 20 Jan. [1507]
Preceptum carte confirmationis PATRICII DUNBAR et MARGARETE VAUS, ejus spouse, super carta eis facta per Jacobum Dunbar de Blakcrag, militem, de terris de Gas et Clugistoun cum pertinentiis, jacen. infra senescallatum de Kirkcudbrycht, extenden. ad xxxix mercatas terrarum: TENEDIS de rege, etc. Per preceptum sub Signeto. Gratis
eidem de mandato domini. iii. 88.
“Registrum secreti sigilli regum Scotorum. The register of the Privy seal of Scotland” p 201, https://archive.org/details/registrumsecret00scotgoog

1508 Clugston lands were sold to Patrick Dunbar

1512 – August 9 – Charter of sale by Patrick Dunbar of Clugstoun and superior of the lands of Crossere to Uchtred McKe of Crossere of the 3 merklands of Crossere in the barony of Clugstoun which had been taken into the hands of the Crown by reason of the alienation of the greater part thereof without the Crown’s license. Patrick had been cited by the Crown, but obtained a decreet of the Lords of Council that after the lapse of a year and a day the lands should again appertain to him. At Wigtoun, wit.: Dom Patrocl Sprot, Vicar of Kyrkynner and notary public, John McDowel of Barnngorth, James Legat, George Ahannay, and William Ranky. Seal wanting.

1529-Nov. 4 – Instrument of sasine at the hand of Thomas Makguyth narrating that William McCullow and Robert Herreis under precept from Margaret Dunbar Lady of
Clugstoun, dated 1529, and witnessed by Patrick Hannay of Sorbie, Walter Stervart in Berchly, Alexander Stewart, Alexander McKee, and John McCubeyn, gave sasine to Michael McKee as nearest lawful heir to the late Uchtred McKee, his father, in the 3 merkland of Croschre in the barony of Clugstoun. Wit. :-William Bailzie, Robert McKee, John Miver (?), and Thomas McMaister

1529-April-13 – Margaret Dunbar lady of Clugstoun infeft Thomas McDowell as nearest heir to the deceased Uchtred Makdowell of Mundork his brother in the 7 merkland of Mundork and Barnarghort according to the old infeftments of his predecessors. — Galloway charters http://digital.nls.uk/scottish-history-society-publications/browse/pageturner.cfm?id=126822111

1532-June-12 Charter Margaret Dunbar dated at Elgin 1532-May-6, by William Makgee of Balmage to William Gordon of Crauchlew of the 2 1/2 merklands of Barquhill in the Barony of Clugston rendering to the granter as superior suit at her baron courts and ward and relief of the lands. At Garrules. (Galloway Charters 253).

1532-Jan-23 Thomas McDowell of Mundork (Galloway charters 256)

1540-Jan-27 Action by John Macdowell of Garthland against Margaret Dunbar of Clugston and Alexander Stewart of Garleis now her spouse. She was contracted marry Uchtred Macdowell brother to the said John but they were never legally married (Galloway Charters 275).

1542-Aug-9 Infeft Alexander Gordon second son of William the 2 1/2 merklands of Barquhill in the Barony of Clugston. (Galloway Charters 282)

1542-Oct-23 Infeft Alexander Stewart of Garroles in liferent and Alexander Stewart his son and heir … in the lands of Glasserton and Clugstoun … all belonging to the said Alexander in heredity except the said barony of Clugstoun which belonged to Margaret Dunbar his wife and which the said spouses resigned into the hands of the crown as immediate superior… (Galloway Charters 283)

1544-Aug-13 Alexander Stewart lord fiar of the barony of Clugston, with consent of Alexander Stewart of Garoless my father and Margaret Dunbar my mother, gave to James McDowell brother of Patrik McDowell of Dirzegill, the lands of Dirzegell, Ballard and Crevox extending to a 12 merkland in the barony of Clugson and parish of Kirkinner.

“Galloway Charters”, No 184
No. 184 1500, October 7.
Letter of reversion by Thomas Maklellane of Bondby to John Dunbar of Mochrum and John Dunbar his son and heir apparent who had alienated to Thomas the 5 merkland of Lytyl Kerowtray in the barony of Mochrum by charter, declaring that when they shall pay to him 300 merks scots on any Whitsunday or Martinmas at even between sunrise and sunset upon the high altar of the Friars Kirk of Kirkcudbright, he shall at once resign to them the said 5 merklands and never thereafter claim any rights thereto. Sealed by the granter at Wigton.
Witnesses : Allan McLellane alderman of Wigton, Rankin Muyre of Conquetoun, Mr. William McGarve vicar of Peningham, Patrick Clugistoun of Derrevrame, George Ahanna and Thomas Makcavatt.
–Mochrum Park Charters

In 1684 there is a place called “Killintrae” in Mochrum, part of the “Lands belonging to the Laird of Mochrum”.
“Derrevrame” could be “Dirrie” elsewhere in Mochrum (inhabited by William McGuffock and wife Margaret Clugstone in 1684) or Dirveade (inhabited by Gilbert Clugston and his 3 sons in 1561).

“Galloway Charters” No 240.
Charter by John Murray of Brochtoun to Blasius Makgee and Cristine Agnew spouses of a 1 1/2 merk 2/3d land of his lands of Eggirness with the principal mansion of Eggirness extending to a third part of a 5 merkland and inhabited by Quintin Mundwell, in the parish of Kirkmadryne and sheriffdom of Wigtoun, paying 1d scots as albe ferme. At Candida Casa.
Witnesses : Cuthbert Cunynghame provost of Quhitheme, John Makllwayne, Alexander Adair, Patrick Clugstoun, Odo Robinsone and John MakCallane.
— Galloway Charters

Eggerness is in the parish of Sorbie.

“Galloway Charters” No. 29
1547, March 28. Tack by Malcolm, commendator of the priory of Quhitherne, to Duncan McGowin provost of Quhitherne, his heirs and assignees of a 5 merkland of the 10 merkland of Neddir Wig which he held of before, occupied by Patrick Clugstoun his subtenant, in the parish and barony of Quhitherne, for 5 years from whitsunday 1548 paying £10 scots. At Crugiltoun.
Witnesses : Robert Lindsay, Walter Douglas, Mr Robert Stewart, John Stevinsoun, schir Robert Kent chaplain and Alexander Adair, N.P.
Signed M., prior of Quhitherne.
— Monreith Charters

In 1684 in Whitehorne were places named “Castell Wig” and “Broad Wig”.

“Galloway Charters” No 102.
1550, Dec. 2. Instrument of sasine at the hand of Michael Cochrane N.P., narrating that William Andersoun resigned into the hands of Richard Campbell, bailie of Wigtoun, a tenement and garden, the description of which is badly blurred, in favour of his mother Agnes Storie who was infeft therein.
Witnesses : Henry Wallace in Wigtoun, Andrew Clugstoun servitor to William Dunbar in Culmalzew, and James Logane, son of Patrick Logane weaver.
— Lochnaw Charters

In the 1684 Parish Lists, Culmalzow is listed under “Patrick Coltran’s land” in Kirkinner.

Clogstons in Angus

1579.2.14 Monifieth, Angus. Thomas Clogston married Margaret Schiperd. Children Bergiss (1583) and James (1586)

Clugstons in Dirvirds

In 6th July 1561, the three merkland of Mekill Barlokert was occupied by Thomas Cluggistone (together with Archibald Kennedy and Patrick McCraken), the three pound land “Dirwardis” and the wood thereof was occupied by Gilbert Cluggistoun senior and Gilbert Cluggisston junior and Alexander Cluggistoun. (Merkland is a unit of land measurement). Micklebarlocart is in Glenluce, In 1684 it was occupied by Alexander Bailie and family, William McCulloch, William McNillie and his wife Agnes Blair.
Dirveade (later called Darvaid) just to the east of Glenluce; it is about 6km west of Clugston. Barlockhart is due south of it.

tres mercatas cum dimedia terrarum de
Mekill Barlokert per Archibaldum Kennedy Thomam Cluggistoune et Patricium
McCraken occupatarum quinque mercatas terrarum de Dergrallis per Gilbertum
Hannay Donaldum Makblaue et Willelmum Gordone occupatarum tresmercatas terrarum
de Blairder occupatarum per Eobertum M’Keydimediam mercatam terre deCassino-inzeU
per Johannem Gordone manurate tres Libratas terrarum nuncupatarum Dirwardis and
wod thairof per Gilbertum Cluggistoun seniorem et Gilbertum Cluggistoun juniorem
ac Alexandrum Cluggistoun occupatarum quinque mercatas terrarum de Anabaglesche
unam mercatam terrarum de Drongonmoir tres mercatas terrarum vocatarum Knok
duas mercatas terrarum de Dirsculben unam mercatam terrarum de Dirnane duas
mercatas terrarum de Cragweauch tres mercatas terrarum de Barnsailze, duas mercatas
terrarum de Glenjowrie, quatuor mercatas terrarum de Glenhora, septem mercatas sex
solidatas et octo denariatas terrarum de Castreauch
“Archæological and historical collections relating to Ayrshire & Galloway” p 170, https://archive.org/details/cu31924092901606

The list people who had bought from the pirate Andrew White in 1565 includes
“Fergus Clugstone in Whithorn one puncheon of wine 15 pounds, for friese V pounds”.
On the same list are Andro Dunbar, burgess of Whithorn and Patrick McGowne, provost of Whithorn.
http://www.dgnhas.org.uk/transonline/SerIII-Vol23.pdf, p 17.

Fergus Clugstoune was mentioned in the inventory of Sir John Dunbar, 1578.

The sasine record of Gilbert Kennedy, Earl of Cassillis, in 12 March 1575 was “witnessed by Patrick Makgown provost, and John Clugston burgess of Wigton”.


In 1582, there is a reference to “Waltir Douglas of Clugistoun” who also owned land in Stranraer (https://archive.org/stream/correspondenceof01agne#page/248).

On 10th December 1582, Mr Eobeet Stewaet (sic) wrote a letter stating that he would ride to Whithorn (“quithorne”), and “hold court” with several men including Johannes Clugstoun. This may be the town council of Whithorn; Andro Dunbar had previously appeared on the piracy list.
Whithorn is about 10km south of Clugston.

on the moirnin efter youor departing I raid to quhitorne, quhair thair wes ane court haldin be andro dunbar, prowost, Johne Stewart, and Jhonne gowne, balyeis, peter Mcilyame, clerk, wyth Dauid dunbar, Johne blane, Johnce clugstoun, robert lyndesaye, bartle hawthorm, wyth utheris diuersis.
“Correspondence of Sir Patrick Waus of Barnbarroch, knight; parson of Wigtown” 260, https://archive.org/stream/calendarofcharte00liviuoft

Mutilated Letter by Lady Barnbarroch, to George Vauss
her servant. Perhaps July 1588.

Geordie Vauss, forsamekill as I pray you that ye faill nocht
to caus cleip the scheip with all diligence sa sone as yie sie ane
sett of weddir, and how sone yeild scheip and meilk scheip ar
all cleippit, ye sail adverteiss me with diligence howe meikill
the haill wool extendis to (the ministris twa stane, and twa
stane to the ladye of carnsalloche, being first tane off). Be verie
ernest to resave robine clugstonis, and Johne M’clereis, woll, and
faill nocht to tak up the same fra thame bayth.
“Correspondence of Sir Patrick Waus of Barnbarroch, knight; parson of Wigtown”, page 424, https://archive.org/stream/chartersofabbeyo02none#page/424

Letter [Blank] to the Laird of Barnbarroch,
4th November 1592.

My Lord, eftir my verrie hartlie commendatioun, I haue
resauit your (11) letter. I am suir that your (1) and william
m c clellan bayth will mak me ane gret mendis for the want of
my siluer sa lang, ffor of truth it hinderit me fyve hundreyth
merkis of vther turnis that I had ado. Always I will luke now
to get my avne siluer, as ye wald I suld pleser yow in all my
tyme heireftir. for I can nocht devyde my sovme of thre thou-
sand merkis, and as to the vther thousand pvndis, your (L) vald
do me ane gret pleser gif it mycht ony wayis he haid at this
terme: And gif nocht, I will be content to resaif the lyk
securetie as I haue alredy, till this tyme tolmoth, 2 And this I
do to pleser yow, lyke as of befoir. I wald haue gevin the haill
sovm vpon your word. I haue writtin to Mr Alex[ande]r Cluigstone
to schaw yow the same, as to laird levingstoun, I am maist
willing that he sail haue the annuell for his sustentatioun, quhair
“Correspondence of Sir Patrick Waus of Barnbarroch, knight; parson of Wigtown”, page 500, https://archive.org/stream/chartersofabbeyo02none#page/500

Gilbert Clugston owned land in the northern part of Wigtown Burgh but he had died by 1586.
“..the tenement of the umqle George Inglis, now perteining to Morioun Inglis and William Dalzeel her spous, lyane on the north pairt of said burgh, betwixt the tenement of William Gordoun on the west, and the tenement of umqle Gilbert Clugstoun on the east.
“Minute book kept by the war committee of the Covenanters”, p 196.

It is reasonable to assume that this is Gilbert Cluggisstoun, mentioned in 1561. This could be Gilbert Junior, who would have to have been born around 1540, or his father, born in 1520 or earlier. But there also a reference to Gilbert Clugston in 1635. There must therefore have been three generations of Gilberts.

Petir Clugstoun in Lochcrago, parish of Kirkcowan, had a will probated on 28 July 1596. This will is transcribed on this site.
I think this is probably the same name as Patrick; further, he is probably the heir of the teenage Baron.

In 1606 Alexander Clugston owned the farm “Dirvirds” in Glenluce, Wigtownshire. By 1684 this farm was occupied by “Edvard Laurie and his family”.

In 1628, Michaell Clugistoun of Lochcraigoche (together with two other men) gave the report of the state of the parish of Kirkcowan, which included the Barony of Clugistoun. He is mentioned again in connection with Gilbert Clugston.

I Michaell Clugstone foirsaid with my hand at the pen led be the Notare Publict under writin at my command becaus I kan not wryt &c
“Reports on the State of Certain Parishes in Scotland: Made to His Majesty’s Commissioners for Plantation of Kirks, &c., in Pursuance of Their Ordinance Dated April XII. M.DC.XXVII.”, https://archive.org/details/reportsonstatec00courgoog

133. Instrument of Resignation and Sasine taken on Sth April 1635 in the
hands of Thomas McKie, clerk, of the diocese of Whithorn, notary public, upon
the resignation made by Gilbert Clugistoun, merchant burges of the burgh of
Wigtoun, into the hands of Patrick Coltrane, one of the bailies of said burgh,
of a half tenement of land fore and back with houses, yard, barn and pertinents
lying outside of the west port of said burgh on the north side of the high street,
between the land belonging to John Wilkins on the west, and the high street
or common vennel of said burgh leading from the said port to the hill called
Knokgirrahill on the east, in favour of William Clugistoun, merchant, lawful
son of umquhil Michael Glugistoun in Lochcraigoche : Whereupon sasine
was given by the said bailie to the said William Clugistoun, providing that
he should pay to the said burgh yearly the sum of 12 pennies Scots as feu
ferm for the barn foresaid. Witnesses : John Cunynghame, late provost of said
burgh ; Patrick Edger, burgess thereof ; John Dunbar, notary there ; and
Alexander Turner, tenant (cliente) there.

146 Instrument of resignation and sasine taken on 24th January 1661 in
the hands of Johne Dunbar, clerk, of the diocese of Whitherne, notary public
and common clerk of the burgh of Wigtoun, upon the resignation made by
Williame Clugistoune late bailie of the burgh of Wigtoun in the hands of Hew
Kynneir, bailie of the same, of an acre of beir land callit Lichtland lying
among the burrow ruids of the burgh of Wigtoun upon the south side of the
same, betwixt the acre of beir land pertaining to Johne McKeand elder, burgess
of said burgh on the west, and the highway that leads from the same burgh to
the ford of Bladheuch upon the east, in favor of Johne Stewart merchant
burgess of Wigtoun and Jonet Clugistoun daughter of the said Williame, future
spouses, and the longest liver of them, and the heirs to be lawfully procreated
betwixt them, in implement of their marriage contract of the date of the
sasine : Whereupon sasine was given by the bailie to the said John Stewart
and Jonet Clugistoune. Witnesses : Williame McKie of Maidland ; Patrick
Coltrane, late provost of Wigtone ; George Stewart, late bailie there ; Alexander
and Johne Stewarts, sons to Fischill (Physgill), Alexander Keid, Archibald
Elaine and Johne McClellane, town officers.

149. Instrument of Resignation and Sasine taken on 24th March 1665 in the
hands of John Dunbar, clerk, of the diocese of Whithorn, notary public, upon
the resignation made by George Stewart, late bailie of the burgh of Wigtoun
as procurator for Andrew Hannay of Vennell of Wigtoun and Margaret
Hannay his spouse into the hands of Adam Kyneir, bailie of said burgh, of
two tenements of land fore and back with houses, yards and pertinents com-
monly called the Vennall, one of which was lately possessed by Mr Archibald
Hamilton, minister of Wigtoun, and then by James Sofflay and William
Corri tenants thereof, and the other possessed by William Campbell, lying
on the north side of said burgh between the tenement belonging to the heirs of
John Cunynghame provost of the said burgh on the south, the common vennell
from said burgh to the hill called Knokshirreffhill on the west, the tenement
called Anderwoods [Andro Wood’s ?] tenement on the north, and the tenement
and yard belonging to James Keir, burgess of said burgh, on the east ; the peat
muir belonging to said tenement within the burgh muirs, then possessed by
Alexander Dalill ; an acre of barley land called McDoncan’s Acre among the
burghal roods on the north side of the said burgh between the lands of Kirk-
land Fey on the east, the croft called Lochanmoor on the south, an acre
of land called Lindesay’s Acre on the west, and the acres called Fyve Acres
belonging to William McKie of Maidland on the north ; an acre of land called
Matland adjacent to the said last-mentioned acres ; two tails or half acres of
land lying on the west boundary of the burgh, one on the south and the other
on the north side of the road leading from said burgh to Fanteonblaw
which were disponed by umquhile Patrick Hannay provost of Wigton
to umquhile William Clugstoun father of William Clugstoun after designed ;
and a half acre of barley land lying within the said burgal roods on the
north side of the burgh between the lands of Roger Gordoun of Balmeg
on the west and the half acre belonging to umquhile John Cunyngham on the
east : Which resignation being received the said bailie gave sasine thereof to
William Clugstoun, merchant burgess of Wigtoun, his heirs and assignees
whomsoever : Proceeding on a Disposition containing procuratory of resignation
(dated 20th December then last by past) by the said Andrew Hannay and
spouse. Witnesses to the Sasine : Adam McKie, provost of the said burgh ;
Alexander McCracken, James Turner and Alexander McConnall, burgesses
thereof ; and Archibald Blain and Walter Anderson, burgh tenants (dienlibus).

“A calendar of charters and other writs relating to lands or benefices in Scotland in possession of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland”, https://archive.org/stream/calendarofcharte00liviuoft

1642.12 William and John Clugston were burgesses of Wigtown when the provost and burgesses were charged with having performed an illegal horning.
In the witness reports of this incident (they apparently had to appear before the Privy Council in Edinburgh, witness reports signed 1642.12), Johne Clugstoun had a sword, William Clugstoun “had a pistoll”.

In 1643, a similar incident involving the entire council, including John and William Clugstoune. Horning 1642.12.29.

1644 William Clugston was a Bailie (senior member of town council) of Wigtown when the town rioted.

then the touns people gathered in armes and releeved the
provest and magistrats, charged the saids persons to enter in waird and
come furth, but they refused ; and when the people called for fore- p. 878.
hammers they receaved in from some of their complices at backe doores
and windowes masketts, picks, pistolls and halberts and manned the
hous, crying out they would ken no magistrats, but, if any brake up
their doores, they sould shoott bulletts in their breasts. And, at lenth,
being persuaded be the ministers, they entered in a scornfull way in the
tolbuith, having the said William Clugstoun, baillie, in oompanie with
them. But after a little space the said John Murdo, younger, brake up
the doore quher the chartour kist lay; and the baillie opening the
tolbuith doore to lett furth Thomas Stuart, they threw him over the
staires and went furth to Johne Murdoch, elder, his hous about tuelffe
houres at night and shott out at the windowes ten or tuelffe shott.
“The register of the Privy Council of Scotland” p41-42, https://archive.org/stream/registerprivyco04coungoog/registerprivyco04coungoog_djvu.txt

In 1667, valuation of Kircowan. “Wm Clugstone for lochcraigoche”, land valued at 110 pounds 10 shillings. This was about 5% of the value of Kirkcowan. William Gordon of Craichlaw owned land valued at 1020 pounds.
https://archive.org/stream/cu31924092901614 p 116.

1648 – Patrik Clogstoun baptised Monifieth, Angus, son of Johne Clogestoun. Margret Clogstoun, daughter of Johne Clogestoune, was baptised in Mains and Strathmartine, Angus, in 1651.

1648 Alexander Clugston of Portaferry, County Down, was attorney for Patrick McMullen of Regiment Kiringent(?)to Sr Jame Montgomery, and executor for the will of John O’Lindsay, resident of Braddon, Isle of Man.
Archdeacon’s wills IOM
(Sir James Montogomery of Rosemount, County Down, born 1600, fled to Scotland in 1649 when Oliver Cromwell approached Ireland).

In the rebellion of 1641, Clugston was a lieutenant.
Sir Arthur Tyringham was governor was Newry.

“The city of Derry was securely placed under the command of the governor, Sir John Vaughan, knt. So early as the fourth of November, the lords justices issued a commission to alderman Henry Finch, to raise a company of foot for the defence of the city. Not long afterwards, Captain Lawson, having received intelligence that one of his vessels, freighted with butter for France, had been detained at Derry, obtained permission from Sir Arthur Tyringham to place his newly-raised regiment at Lisburn, under the charge of his two lieutenants, Clugston and Hanna, and of his quarter-master, Stewart; and having considerable property embarked in trade at this critical period, he proceeded to Derry to engage in his mercantile concerns” — “The History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland”, p346 Volume 1, J Reid (1835)

1656.4.3 William Clugston, wife was Janet McQuhae, sasine of Locheringock
1658-7-6 Ballie Clugston in Wigtown

This next record surely relates to the mechants of Belfast. Robert died in 1658, and his brother John inherited his land.

1663.1.9 “JOHANNES CLUGISTOUN, haeres Roberti Clugistoun, mercatoris, fratris” (ie, John Clugston, heir of Robert Clugston, merchant, brother)
(“Inquisitionum Ad Capellam Domini Regis Retornatarum, Quae in Publicus Archivus Scotiae Adnuc Servantur, Abbreviato”, item 4655 (1823)).

This is a General Retour. “This situation may have arisen the need to prove the right to inherit, possibly because there was a dispute, or because the subject superior did not know the heir personally, or was refusing to grant title for some reason. It would help rationalise the process by which property held by a ‘defunct’ with no issue would pass to his next-elder brother if the property had been acquired by ‘conqueish’ or to his next-younger brother if by inheritance (and corresponding sisters as heirs portioner if no brothers existed). … There was no time limit for recording a retour, unlike with sasines, so the date of the Retour may not equate with that of the death. Some heirs engaged with the Chancery system years later if, for example, the inheritance was challenged or if they wanted to sell the property and required evidence of clear title. ” – http://www.brucedurie.co.uk/downloads/Retours-intro.pdf

1666.7.23 William Clugstoune, merchant, Wigtown. — Scottish Deeds. Registered Mack, vol 16, page 732 [This deed still exists at the Scottish record office]

1679-8-10 Wm Clugston sasine of lands in Lochcraigdock

1684 Census of Galloway. Proves that very few Clugstons remain in Scotland
1684 William Clugstoun is Provost (Lord Mayor) of Wigtown, Scotland. His wife was Mary Houstone and he died on 1734.2.1
He was part of the Wigtown council when they took the anti-covenanters Test in 1681.12.31 (when he was an council member) and in 1684.9.19 (when he was provost).

1685 Alexander Clugston, farmer, died in Irongray, Kirkudbrightshire in 1790, at the age of 105 (!).

1690 John Clugston is living in Killyleagh Town in the northeast corner of County Down.
He lives next door to Robert Hamilton, merchant.

1730-09-26 William Clugston apprentice apothecary in Belfast.
He moves to Stranraer and marries Barbara Vans.