Clugstons in Glasgow

Most of the Clugstons in Glasgow around 1800 seem to have come from St John’s Town of Dalry, in Kirkcudbrightshire, where we find William Clogston, merchant, and Baillie Clugston, farmer, and John Clugston, all born around 1720. They must have been quite wealthy because William’s son William went to university. It is likely that they are from a Covenanter family, for the family produced 3 Presbyterian ministers, a session clerk, and some great philanthrophists. Unfortunately the church records for Kirkcudbright are very poor. They may have come from to Dalry directly from the Barony of Clugston via the mountains of Galloway (many Covenanters were hiding in caves near Dalry) or via the coast.

They joined the textile industry in Calton, in Barony on the northeastern side of Glasgow, as the Industrial Revolution began.
Those first factories were horrific, with child labour, dangerous working conditions, and falling wages. The Calton weavers’s strike of 1787, violently suppressed by the army, resulted in Scotland’s first working-class martyrs. In 1800 there were food riots.
The Clugstons were part of the wealthy class of weavers who owned the looms, rather than the oppressed working class. John Clugston 1799-1855.3.27 was a power loom manufacturer, and thus had a particularly significant role in the Industrial Revolution. He was interested in science, and joined the Glasgow Philosophical Society.

The Clugstons made extensive social contributions:
* William Clugston was one of the first Sunday School teachers in the English-speaking world. Previously only the wealthy had attended school. The church believed in education for all.
* William contributed to the Lunatic Asylum, and to mission to the Jews.
* John Clugston was secretary of the Calton Bread Society, which attempted to break the power of the baking cartel, and provide cheaper bread.
* James, William, and John were all office-bearers of the Galloway Brotherly Society, providing assistance to Scots who had moved to Glasgow because of the Lowland Clearances.
* John was secretary of the Calton Society for Religious Purposes, which distributed scriptures to the poor, and provided education for them.
* John’s wife Mary and daughter Beatrice set up an organisation to support released prisoners in the first weeks after they had served their time.
* Beatrice Clugston set up a hospital for Incurables, a forerunner of the modern Hospice movement. A side-effect was that many “incurables” were cured!
* Beatrice founded the Dunoon Seaside Homes, giving the sick a respite from the Glasgow smog. This saved so many lives that she became a household name. Fans of Beatrice included Queen Victoria’s daughter, and Florence Nightingale. Beatrice organized a bazaar as a fundraiser; it was the largest bazaar in Scottish history. By the end of their lives, they had given away their entire fortune.

William Clugston and Agnes McNaight

William moved to Glasgow in 1766 or 1767. He had previously lived in Dalry, Kirkcudbright.
On the six birth records, Agnes’ surname is spelt five different ways! McNaight, McNeight, McNight, McNaught, McKnaight.
They had two attempts to have a son named James which indicates it was a family name which they wanted to preserve. We know 6 of the 7 children; if they were using Scottish naming, the missing child was probably born in 1666-1667, and was probably named Agnes. So the parents are likely to be William Clogston and Janet, James McNaight and Jean, all born around 1700; but this is just a guess.

Interestingly, the 1740 Protestant Returns for Ireland lists “279. James McKnight 280. Will Clogstown” of Magherafelt, Loughinsolin, County Londonderry. Of course this could be a coincidence. The Church of Ireland records for Magherafelt have survived, (PRONI reel MIC1/1A, includes baptisms 1718-1793 and marriages 1720-1845), as have some of the Presbyterian session minutes from 1703-1782.

William Clogston = Agnes McNaight 1723-1777.1.30 d. Glasgow
   (1768: Weaver, Calton)
    Jean Clogston 1758.9.14-1836.1.4 bap. Dalry, Kirkcudbright d. Glasgow = William Raukin
    William Clugston bap 1759.1.2 Dalry, Kirkcudbright
    James Clugston bap 1760.11.26 Dalry, Kirkcudbright (presumably died young)
    James Clogston bap 1762.12.2 Dalry, Kirkcudbright
    Janet Clugston 1765.4.2-1848.9.8 bap. Dalry, Kirkcudbright d. Glasgow
    Alexander Clogston 1768.3.31-1769.6.9 bap 1768.4.2 Barony, Larnarkshire
        7th child

William Clugston, b Dalry, Galloway, son of William, artisan, graduated from University of Glasgow 1775 after studying Greek. “At one time in the parish, now in Glasgow”.
( Univ Glasgow student 3489) This is probably

William Clogston = Jean Stewart m 1778.11.21 Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland
    James Clogston bap 1786.12.21 Stewarton, Ayrshire

Kilsyth is NE of Glasgow, near Kirkintilloch. This would presumably be Jean’s home town. Stewarton is SW of Glasgow.
I think this is William Clogston the schoolteacher at Old Cumnock (see below). I think he is also the Barony session clerk (see below)

Interestingly there is also

Jean Clugston 1795-1841.10.25 = William Stewart, Wine and Spirit Merchant. d Monimail. Cause of death: dropsy. Buried St Peters Dundee. 

This might be Jean Stewart b Angus who lived at Ireland’s Lane, Dundee in 1841. But that is quite far from Monimail.

Balmacellan is only 2km from Dalry. This is probably a brother of William.

John Clugston
    John Clugston bap 1765.9.9 Balmaclellan, Kirkcudbright

Bailie Clugston was age 76 in 1798 (and therefore born in 1722) and was living in New Galloway. “Edinburgh Magazine: Or Literary Miscellany, Volume 10”, p 45
(available on Google Books).
Bailie was also mentioned in “Lowran Castle, or, The wild boar of Curridoo: With other tales, illustrative of the superstitions, manners and customs of Galloway”, Robert Trotter (1822) quoted at http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/hot

New Galloway is only about 2km from Dalry. The name “Bailie” is very interesting because there was a “Bailie Clugston” in County Kildare at the same time.

There was an Alexander Paull in Aberdeen, weaver, who had a daughter 1745-1797.
There was also a Rev James Paull.

James Clogstone = Janet Paul m 1759.5.27 Barony, Lanark
    James Clogstone 1760.3.5 Child 1

And Agnes is probably a sister. Her surname is sometimes spelt “Clugston”. But the Glasgow guild record book says that Robert Hewhand is the eldest son of Alexander. When Alexander Hewhand died he was described as a merchant.

Agnes Clogston ??-1791.8.1 = Alexander Hewhand or Heughand, weaver (died by 1786) m 1748.3.21 Glasgow (Will exists, 3 pages)
    John Heuhand 1758.3.21 b. Barony, Lanark
    James Hewhand 1751.8.10
    Elizabeth Hewhand 1753.6.27
    Jean Heuhand 1758.3.24 b. Glasgow
    (male) Hewhand 1766.7.8-1766.7.8 (stillborn)
    Robert Hewhand 1770.5.19 b. Glasgow. Admitted to weaver's guild 1786.12.19

National Records of Scotland CS228/C/1/45 is Court of Session: Unextracted processes, 1st arrangement, Adams-Dalrymple office, “William Clugstone v McAdam: Suspension” 1703.

The weavers of Kircudbright

Possibly related to John Clogston, writer of Kirkcudbright, whose second marriage was to Agnes Muir m. 1782.1.28 Kirkcudbright, but who was born no later than 1730.

It is certain that this family was not using Scottish naming, but the two “Hunter”s are interesting. The family of James Cluxton in Kildare, Ireland also used surnames as first names.

James Clugston  b. about 1756- = Mary Muir 1760-  m. 1781.5.13 weaver
  (James was admitted to weaver's guild 1784)
    Andrew Clugston 1784.10.9  b. Barony, Lanark Child 2
    Janet Clugston 1786.10.27  b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 3
    Hunter Clugston 1790.10.4   b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 4
    William Hunter Clugston 1792.9.14 b. Glasgow. Child 5
    William Clugston b. 1795.7.20 b. Anderston, Lanark
    Jean Clugston b. 1799.2.3 b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 7

I have not been able to identify a single one of these people.

Probably related:
National Records of Scotland CS238/T/4/48 George Tod v Muir and Clogston, 1796.

James Clugston the tailor

This is a second James Clugston of the same age.
This family has three Presbyterian ministers. Rev William appeared in many newspaper articles; Rev James was the first Clugston in Canada.
This family used very strict Scottish naming. Rev James’s family is the most perfect example you could imagine. His first son was named after his father John; but he went one step further. His father John had been named after his mother’s father, John Clydesdale. Hence James named his son “John Clydesdale Clugston”. We can be certain that James Clugston the tailor, was the son of William Clugston. Agnes was either the wife of William, or the wife of John Clydesdale.
James is almost certainly the son of William Clugston and Agnes McNaight, which would mean he was born in Dalry, Kirkcudbright.
Bizarrely, this family has two people named “Hannah Dixon Clugston”. James seems to have named his daughter after his brother’s wife???
The family was wealthy.

James Clugston about 1763   tailor, Glasgow
  = Janet Clydesdale 1765- m 1790.7.4 m Barony, Lanarkshire
    Agnes Clugston 1791-1875  Annuitant b Glasgow Child 1 (Lived with her niece Hannah Dixon Clugston b 1841 in 1851, 1861, and 1871)  d. Carluke(never married)
    (1851: 50 Great Hamilton St, St James, Lanarkshire, John Urie b 1831 lving with her too)
    (1861: Mcauslin St, St David, Central, Lanarkshire)
    Rev. William Clugston 1793.7.2 - 1857.3.3 b. Calton, Glasgow Child 2 d. Fofar, Angus
        = Margaret Gartley 1800-1866 (or 1797-1866) b Paisley, Renfrewshire
      m 1818.6.28 Forfar, Angus (registered in Glasgow at the same time)
      (1841: Manse of Forfar, Angus, Scotland)
      (1851: Castle St, Forfar, Angus, Scotland)
      (1861: Mary living at Oswald & Kirk Session School, Inchbelly Rd, Kirkintilloch, with Alexander & Janet)
        Margaret Clugston 1819.9.21-1841.3.3 Forfar, Angus
        James Clugston 1823.1.10
        George Clugston 1824.6.26 - 1894.5 d. Belfast
        William Clugston 1826-  clerk.
          = Davida Craig Wright 1823-1899.2.10 d. Wanganui New Zealand. m 1856.4.27 Edinburgh. (dau George Wright Esq)
          (Travelled to Sydney in 1856 in a first class cabin. 12 months jail for embezzlement 1866.2.10-1867. Seems to have died in jail)
          (Davida later married William Tester 1814-1891 of Datchet, England and lived in New Zealand).
            Jane Margaret Clugston 1857- b. Sydney
              = Frederick Henry Crawford m 1893.6.1 New Zealand
        Janet Clugston 1828.2.4-1917.1.27 d. Carluke
            (Previously of "Bridge of Weir")
        Alexander Clugston 1830.5.30-   general clerk(1851), sawyers clerk(1861)
        (1851: with brother William, staying with James & Mary Martin & family, Maryfield 16, Greenside, Midloahian. Not present in 1871)
        Elspeth Clugston 1834-1835.2.2 d. Forfar
   (Unknown Child 3, born 1794-1795, probably stillborn)
    Rev. John Clugston 1796.12.24 - 1877.1.21 b Glasgow, Child 4 d Stewarton Ayrshire
       = Hannah Dixon 1793-1861 m 1830.8.11
       (Fasti ecclessiae says James was his only son)
       (John studied Divinity at University of Glasgow 1820-1821)
       (Free Presbyterian minister in Quebec 1840-1853, then returned to Scotland. Probate record exists (3 pages))
        Rev James Clugston 1831-1908.1.17 b Quebec m 1860.4.24 Edinburgh
          = Jemima Crighton Martin 1838.9.16-1908.1.16 b Edinburgh Bank clerk (dau of James Martin & Mary Swinton)
          (1881: Free Church Manse, Stewarton, Ayrshire)
          (1901: Holyrood Quadrant 25, Glasgow, Kelvin)
            Hannah Dixon Clugston 1861-1866.2.22
            James Clugston 1862.7.30-1889.3.23 d Stewarton 
              (Will exists. SON OF AND RESIDING WITH REV. JAMES CLUGSTON, F.C. MANSE, STEWARTON, D. 23/03/1889 AT STEWARTON, TESTATE)
            Mary Swinton Clugston 1864.7.31-1956 b Stewarton d Henley, Oxfordshire. Accountant. Liquidator in 1910
              (1891: Cambridge Rd, Chiswick, Brentford, Middlesex. Secretary to Louisa E Smith, authoress)
              (1939: Cookham R. D, Berkshire, staying with sister Susanna).
            John Clydesdale Clugston 1866.4.5-1866.4.19
            Susanna Crauford Allan Clugston 1867.9.31-1955 d Henley, Oxfordshire
            William Rose Martin Clugston 1871.6.5-1872.8.13 d Stewarton
            Jemima Crighton Martin Clugston 1873.3.13-1889.6.14 d. Crieff, Perthshire
            Ralph Dixon Clugston 1874.12.25-1914.10.13 d. Orwell, Kinross-shire Timber merchant's clerk
            Beatrice Clugston 1877- 1953 d. Reading, Berkshire
            Robert Buchanan Clugston 1879- 1929 d. Rhu Dunbartonshire. Lived in Christchurch NZ in 1911
              = Janet Watson m. 1917 Blythswood, Glasgow
    Alexander Clugston 1799.8.11- 1799.11.19 b. Barony d. Glasgow. Child 6.
    Marrion Clugston 1800.10.1- Child 7
    James Clugston 1804-  Wright. Child 8
      =1 ?
        William Clugston 1831 born outside Lanarkshire Silk spinner
      =2 Christian Wilson 1812-  m 1838.9.22 Gorbals, Lanark.
        Janet Clugston 1839.3.10-  b Barony. Private teacher
        (Baptism witnesses: John Buchanan, William Winthrop)
        (1881: Hillview Terrace, Shettleston, Lanarkshire)
        Hannah Dixon Clugston 1840-1933 = Andrew Beveridge 1832-1892.12.27 m 1867.7.11
            Agnes Clugston Beveridge 1868-1875.2.4 b. Glasgow
            Elizabeth Drummond Beveridge 1873-1875.2.12
            Hannah Andrew Beveridge 1875- = George Doig
            Andrew Beveridge 1877-
            James Alexander Beveridge 1879-
            Elizabeth Clydesdale Beveridge 1881-1906.3
        Janet Clydesdale Clugston 1842-1930 d. Stirling
        James Clugston 1844-1880 d. Milton
          = Elizabeth Graham 1850- m 1866.8.24 Barony, Lanark b Falkirk, Stirlingshire. laundress
            (1871: Back Land, 11 Burnside St, St George Glasgow, Milton)
            (1881: 196 Possil Rd Milton, Lanarkshire)
            Christina Wilson Clugston 1867- b Glasgow  wool weaver
            James Clugston 1871.12.30-
            Mary Gentles Clugston 1874-
              = George Edward Meehan 1876- m 1909.6.30 Toronto
                (Moved to Ontario, Canada)
            Elizabeth Clugston 1880- b Glasgow
    =3 Helen 1811 ?????? living in Collinton with the Gray family???

Surely related. One of the sons of John Clugston and Elizabeth Jaffray had also lived on Gallowgate St. Probably a coincidence (it is a major street).

Margaret Gartley Clugston Laird 
   = Hugh Wilson -1870. painter m 1851.2.2 Forfar
     (1870: Gallowgate St, Glasgow)
     (Hugh's will was probated 1870.9.20)
     William Wood Wilson 1856.6.28 Calton, Glasgow
     Jessie Mather Wilson 1860.9.7 High Church, Lanark
     Hugh Wilson 1864.1.26 b High Church, Lanark

This is not the daughter of Rev William, who died in 1917 aged 88.

Janet Clugston 1825-1890 d Beith(Ayr)

Alexander Clugston was a writer in Edinburgh in 1853. This must be Alexander the son of Rev William.
https://archive.org/stream/historyburghcan00mackgoog#page/n77/mode/2up/search/clugston

The Philanthropists

Beatrice Clugston was the most famous of a family of philanthropists, which also included John, James, and William Clugston.

Membership of Glasgow Charitable Societies

John Clugston was an office bearer of the Glasgow Galloway Brotherly Society, in 1820 and 1821. He was one of the 12 Masters. (Glasgow Herald, 18 August 1820 and 20 August 1821). All members had to be between the ages of 14 and 45, with parents or grandparents who had lived in Galloway. It seems that the previous generation had also been involved with this Society.

“The Glasgow Society of Teachers. John Gibson, president; David Allison, treasurer; James Gibson, secretary. Court of Directors: Dan McArthur; Ro Tannahill, John Wilson, James Waddell, William Clugston, John Sanderson, Daniel King, James Monach late Presid, Andrew Taylor late Treas, John Leckie, officer. The object of this charitable institution is the relief of such ordinary Members, their Widows, and Children, as, by bodily infirmity, or misfortunes of any kind, may be deprived of the means of supporting themselves. — The Glasgow Almanack, for 1800.

Galloway Society. Alexander McKerlie, Pres. Robert Kennedy, Treasurer. Directors: James McKie, late Pres; James Clugston, late Treas; James Gordon; William McTaggart; John Wilson; John Klingan; William Clugston; Robert Boyd — The British Almanack and Glasgow Directory, 1801.

I believe the “Galloway Society” is the “Galloway Brotherly Society”. There was a “Galloway and Dumfriesshire Society” but it was agricultural and not based in Glasgow.

It is very likely that John is the son of John Clugston and Agnes Scott, since his second daugher was named Agnes, and since his third daughter was named “Mary McKenzie” they are definitely using traditional Scottish naming to some extent. However, we know from his will that Mary’s father was Duncan, not William.
Mary McKenzie was born in Jamaica so the father may have been “McKenzie, Duncan, St. Thomas in the East, planter”, (will exists, probated in 1801).

Their daughter Beatrice became a very prominent philanthropist, who even attracted Queen Victoria’s daughter as a patron.

Beatrice Clugston, prominent philanthropist

A 44 page book written by Beatrice, including a letter of support from Florence Nightingale, is available at https://archive.org/details/b21459654
“Missing links in Scotland’s charities and how the chain may be repaired : a paper written to further the interests of Broomhill Home, Kirkintilloch and the Dunoon convalescent homes”, Beatrice Clugston, 1880.

Another, with some stories told by Beatrice in 1871, is here:
https://archive.org/stream/b24921452#page/n13/mode/2up
She notes that in that year, 647 patients had been admitted, 570 left in cured or improved condition, and only one had died.

In 1891, a memorial to the life of Beatrice was created. The description of the unveiling mentions her next-of kin to be Mary Clugston of Lenzie. This is the daughter of John Clugston and Elizabeth Jaffray.

John joined the Glasgow Philosophical Society on 1841.12.15. In 1843 he was still a member, and lived in Portland Street.

In 1841 they had with them: Susan Hutchinson b 1801, Magdaline Tosh 1836. who could be related, but the family was known for their charity work, so they could be orphans.
In 1851 John’s occupation is “Bleacher and Manuf employ 21 men 13 women and 2 boys”
The Glasgow directory for 1849-50 has “CLUGSTON, John, & Co., power-loom cloth manufacturers, 1 National Bank Buildings, South wing, Queen street”
A will has survived for three members of this family.

There are biographies of Beatrice’s life that state that in the 1840’s John inherited a bleaching mill so that they moved to Avon bank.
The mill still exists and is under Heritage Protection. According to ScotlandsPlaces, it was built as a print works around 1796 and converted to bleaching around 1836. But John’s will, written in 1836, already mentions his “Bleaching Works”. In 1843 it was occupied by Archibald Monro; in 1852 by John Clugston; in 1857 by John Dixon, and in 1862 by John Boyes.

In 1817 John Orr sold land in the newly created village of New Calton to William Clugstone and others.
https://archive.org/stream/publications1st404rega#page/196/mode/2up/search/clugstone

William Clugston d.1830.5.14 Schoolteacher and Barony session clerk
(allegedly the brother of John, but must be his uncle)

John Clugston 1799-1855.3.27 b. Lanark Scotland. d. Avonbank, Larkhall 1841: Merchant. 1851: Power loom manufacturer & bleacher (Will exists)
  = Mary McKenzie 1795-1881.11.30 b. British Jamaica d. Lenzie (will exists) 
       m 1826.10.12 Glasgow (Daughter of Duncan McKenzie)
    (1821: Calton Bread Society, 30 Clyde St Calton, Glasgow)
    (1823: Calton Bread Society, 2 Tobago St Calton, Glasgow)
    (1827: Calton Provident Bank, 1 Stevenson St, Glasgow)
    (1841: Bridgeton, Dalmarnock, Barony, Glasgow)
    (1851: Avon Bank, Dalserf, Lanarkshire)
    (1871: Prospect Villa Lenzie, Kirkintilloch, Dunbartonshire)
  (John is listed in "Nobleman and Gentlemen's seats, villages, etc in Scotland", 1852)
    (When John died they returned to Glasgow.)
    (moved to Moncrieff Ave Northwood around 1877. Beatrice was alone in 1881)
    Beatrice Clugston 1827.9.22-1888.12.3  Child 1. Philanthropist  b Calton
        (http://www.mycityglasgow.co.uk/index_files/clugston.htm)
         (1867.1.20: 21 Lansdowne Cresent, Glasgow)
         (1881:Northwood, Lenzie North. Gone by 1882)
    John Clugston 1829.4.27 b Glasgow (died before 1836)
    Agnes Clugston 1831-1841 (died before 1836)
    William Clugston 1833.1.27- (died before 1836)
    Mary McKenzie Clugston 1835-1859.3.11 d. 21 Landsdowne Cresent, Glasgow. Unmarried. (Inventory exists)

In 1836 their only children were Beatrice and Mary McKenzie Clugston.

Miss Mary Clugston died 1912.10.17 Viewfield, Lenzie (Will exists). Died age 89 (born 1823)
Miss Mary Clugston, residing at Lansdowne Crescent, Glasgow, daughter of Mrs. Mary McKenzie or Clugston, sister of Beatrice Clugston (Inventory dated 1860.4.11)

Beatrice Clugston set up two convalescent homes. One of them, Broomhill hospital, Kirkintilloch, closed in 1995, and is now allegedly haunted by her ghost! http://www.falkirkherald.co.uk/news/hallowe-en-special-scotland-s-most-haunted-places-1-3931565

Some other Clugstons, all children of John Clugston and Elizabeth Jaffray, also died at Lenzie. Margaret (below) is probably a sister of one of the Johns. James lived at Viewfield, Lenzie North, in 1881 to 1889.

Margaret Clugston 1790-1866 d Kirkintilloch

This man is probably related; Ochiltree is close to Cumnock. But I have not found any other references to these people.

James Clugston = Margaret Borland m 1820.8.1 Coylton, Ayr, Scotland
    James Clugston 1821.6.20 b Ochiltree, Ayr, Scotland

The Calton Association for Religious Purposes for 1823-1824 lists the following members in No III District:
William Clugston, Mrs Clugston, John Clugston Senior, John Clugston Junior, James Murray, and John Wood. The secretary of the organisation was John Clugston.

Beatrice’s father cannot be John Clugston Senior, since he was only 25 years old. He must be John Junior. We are told (see below) that William Clugston was her uncle, but this is impossible. John Clugston Senior must be her grandfather.

They attended Bridgeton Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Wilson was licensed to preach the gospel in 1840, and soon thereafter he became missionary in Henderson Parish, Kilmarnock, where he laboured for several months. During this time he preached as a candidate in Bridgeton quoad sacra Church, … At the election Mr. Wilson was chosen to be minister.

As the congregation was but recently formed, though it gathered quickly and prospered greatly under Dr. Fairbairn’s ministry, it was not large. But it was in a very healthy state, so that the young minister entered upon his work in most auspicious circumstances. The people were harmonious, and he found himself surrounded by a staff of devoted office-bearers, among whom, conspicuous by his zeal and liberality, was Mr. Clugston, father of the well-known Beatrice Clugston, of the Dunoon Convalescent Homes.
In an address to them, which he had prepared for the celebration of his jubilee, but did not live to deliver, he said, “When I was ordained in this charge the times were very much disturbed with discussions about non-intrusion of ministers and probable disruption. This state of things continued for two years, during which time our numbers had very considerably increased. Then the Disruption came, and the whole community was moved by that event. Many congregations were widely rent by it, but ours scarcely knew any change. The whole congregation—minister, elders, and members—joined the Free Church, with the exception of three families, and as a Free church we continued to prosper and increase.”
The Free Church Monthly, June, 1891, “Obituary of Rev Alexander Wilson, Bridgeton, Glasgow”, p.181

John Clugston Esq, merchant, was a Ruling Elder in the General Assembly of the Free Church 1843.

The 1821 Glasgow Post Office Directory has:
John Clugston, Calton Bread Society, 30 Clyde St Calton; The 1823 directory is the same except that John Clugston is at 7 Tobago St Calton. In 1819 and 1820 it was 2 Tobago St. John was not present in 1818. In 1819, “Clugston John, Calton Bread Society, Tobago St”. Over the following years the bread society is at 3 Tobago St, 30 Clyde St, then 7 Tobago St. John disappears in 1828. In 1829-1835 John was treasurer of the Calton Provident Bank, and lived at 22 Monteith Row. In 1836 the only Clugston was John Clugston at Dalmarnock.

The 1803 directory lists “Session Clerk’s Office, Barony Parish, Gray’s Land, Barony Glebe W Clugston, clerk”. The 1805 directory lists “Clugston, teacher and Barony session clerk, 19 St Andrews Square”. This entry was not present in 1804. In 1809 it lists “Clugston, — teacher, 19 St Andrew Square”. In 1812 to 1823 “Clugston W and W, Teachers, 19 St Andrew Square”. In 1824 they disappear. Perhaps W retired, because he remained in Glasgow, and was still session clerk in the 1828 directory. In 1830 Wm Clugston and David McBrayne were conjunct session clerks. He is not listed in 1831.

It seems that he is the William Clugston who died in Glasgow on 1830.5.14. (I do not know where this information comes from).
In 1825, W Clugston was one of the 30 Directors of the Glasgow Magdalene Asylum (the President was Rev Dr Burns).

But who is the other W Clugston, teacher? Presumably this was his son, also named William? Then where did he go?

In 1811, Clugston, Mr W, teacher, gave a donation from his students 9 pounds to the Lunatic Asylum Glasgow, and 9 pounds to the British and Foreign Bible Society. (https://books.google.de/books?id=pElgAAAAcAAJ)

This may be the same William Clogston who was schoolmaster and Session Clerk from 1787-1788 in Cumnock school, Old Cumnock in Ayrshire, who was surely the same William Clogston, schoolmaster who was a subscriber to the book “A treatise on Justification” by Thomas Dutton, 1778 (actually by Anne Dutton, a woman Baptist theologian).

We must not leave the ministers without introducing the session clerk and parish schoolmaster for the Barony parish, Mr. Clugston*. He was a good-looking, well-informed old man of most gentlemanly bearing, and very highly esteemed. He knew a good sermon when he heard it, and he could recognize a sermon that he had heard before. His son was commissary under Wellington in the Peninsular War, and on one occasion young Clugston took the old gentleman to London to see the sights and to hear some of the great preachers. Coming out of one church the commissary said to him, “That was a good evangelical sermon; did you not enjoy it?” “Very much, very much. A most excellent, sound, gospel sermon, but I read the whole of it in the Christian Observer as we came in the smack from Leith to London!”

*The name of his niece, Miss Beatrice Clugston, the founder of the Glasgow and Dunoon Convalesecent Homes… is known universally in Glasgow.
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/burns/chapter03.htm

The minster was Rev John Burns (13 February 1744 – 26 February 1839). He set up a Sunday School in Calton in 1774 or 1775. This was one of the earliest in the world; the Sunday School movement only really started in 1781. Clugston may have been one of the first teachers of working-class children in Scotland.

But, how can Beatrice be his niece? Her father was born in 1799, yet W Clugston was a teacher in 1803.

(Leith is a northern district of Edinburgh. The Peninsular War was 1807-1814). His son was in Paris a few months after the Battle of Waterloo. On 1815.9.5, his colleague, Mr P. Kean, was fatally stabbed with a sword concealed in a walking stick. This was an international incident, and “The Duke of Wellington has offered a considerable reward for the discovery of the murderer”. Kean was another commissary in the Pensinsular War, and was from Bruff, County Limerick.

On. Tuesday evening, between eight and nine o’clock, Mr Kean and Mr Clugston, two English gentlemen, went out together for a walk upon the Boulevarde. As these gentlemen were passing along, one of them accidentally trod upon the foot of a person who had the appearance of a French Gentleman, and expressed himself very impatiently, although he was he was told the trivial offence was entirely accidental. A crowd was soon collected to the spot, and created some confusion, in the course of which Mr Kean unhappily received a wound in his left side from a cane sword. Soon after it was inflicted, a person in plain clothes was observed brandishing such a weapon, exclaiming at the same time — “Je suis un Officier Francaise!” and it is very probable that this was the person who inflicted the wound. He is supposed not to be the same whose foot was trodden upon; he, however, got away in the confusion, and has not, as yet been heard of. Kean was very soon taken home, from which he was not absent a quarter of an hour altogether. On his arrival, Dr Tupper was sent for, who immediately declared the wound (though very small) to be of a most dangerous nature. Under all the existing circumstances, he suggested the propriety of calling in some other medical gentlemen to act with him. This suggestion was of course immediately attended to, and; Dr Tupper sent for Mr Dyupertrin, a French surgeon of eminence, whose opinion corroborated that which the former gentleman had already pronounced, and which was, unfortunately but too well-founded. Dr Hume was afterward also called in, but nothing more could be done, than had already been attempted for the purpose of affording effectual relief, and Mr Kean died about ten o’clock Thursday morning.
Caledonian Mercury Midlothian, Scotland, 25 Sep 1815

The truth came out a week later:

Mr. Kean, who was recently assassinated upon the Boulevards at Paris, was a native of Bruff in the county of Limerick. This gentleman whose principles were unexceptionable, and whose connections were highly respected, held for some time an office in Commissarat resigned, and became a contractor, in which capacity supplied the British army for several years the Peninsula, having uniformly maintained the fairest character. It was, however, his misfortune to form a particular connection with a French female, which connection he soon saw the propriety abandoning. But the discarded female vowed vengeance, and very few evenings elapased after the separation, when Mr. Kean was assasinated a short distance of his lodgings.
Dublin Evening Post, 1815.9.26

I believe that when the war ended, Clugston used his procurement skills to import products, going into business with the widow of Charles Grant, director of the East India Company. This means that he was Alexander Clugston 1780-1834. We saw that William was a schoolmaster in 1778.

Alexander Clugston of London 1780-1834

This could not be the son of John the Customs Official, who was still under 21 when his father died. Unless they got the age wrong by exactly 10 years, and he actually died age 44; but this would mean he was a partner of the firm at age 22.

A Clugston, Esq, of St Helen’s Place, d. 1834.6.28 age 54. (born 1780). d. St Helen, Bishopsgate, London
1812.2.28 George Boyd retired as a partner of the firm of George McCall and Alex Clugston of 12 Watling St London
In London in 1824 Alexander Clugston was a broker with the widow of “Charles Grant, a director of the East India Company”, and with Charles Pearce Chapman at 23 Martin’s Lane, Cannon St, London. Declared bankrupt 20th October 1831, Thames St, London.
Charles Grant 1746-1823.10.31 was (with William Wilberforce) a major figure in the
abolition of the slave trade.
He was the first vice president of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Grant_%28British_East_India_Company%29

“Death of Charles Grant, Esq. — We have received the melancholy tidings of the death that highly esteemed East India Director, Charles Grant, He did not retire to rest till about four on Friday morning, and at six was a corpse. The disorder was spasms in the stomach. Not one the family was present to witness the distressing scene. Only his medical attendant and his butler were in the house, Mrs. Grant and family having for some time resided Dartford, in Kent. ”

Royal Geographical Society:
Clugston A. March 1833. Covering letter to copy of letter from George Kilpatrick dated Aug 22 1823 (SEE LBR. MSS.)
Kilpatrick, George. Letter to MacDougal Clugstone & Co from Senna describing a journey up the Zambesi from Quilimane to Senna. Dated 22 August 1823

University of Glasgow.
Donation letter from Alexander Clugston to James Jeffray. London. 2 April 1832. Gold specimens donated by R. Macfarlane

Alexander Clugston engaged in fisticuffs on the Stock Exchange.

FRACAS ON THE EXCHANGE. – On Thursday, the people on the Royal Exchange were apparently much amused by a combat between Mr Clugston, a broker, and Mr Simon Samuel, a merchant. Having had a previous quarrel, when they met on the above day, Mr Clugston struck Mr Samuel sharply across the shoulders with a horsewhip. The latter answered this attack by a blow on Mr Clugston’s head with a walking-stick; and the battle now raged with fury, until the Beadle put an end to a combat, which, it seems was deemed extremely diverting by the ” Gentlemen on ‘Change,” as not one of them offered to interfere. Hats, however, not heads, were fractured in the fight.

12 February 1826 – The Examiner

Mr. Clugston. of the house of Clugston and Chapman, brokers, had employed a clerk to call on Mr. Simon Samuel, merchant of St. Helen’s place, a few days ago, for the settlement of an account, which was refused, and the clerk desired to carry back his employers message, reflecting in very strong terms on their characters, and that of the individuals for whom they had been acting in some late transactions—we believe in speller. Mr. Clugston, who felt highly indignant at the attack thus made upon him, had sought various occasions obtain an interview with Mr. Samuel, and to demand some explanation, but could not succeed till Thursday, when having learnt that gentleman had gone on ’Change, he proceeded thither to meet him. Mr Clugston then accosted Mr. Samuel, and desired to know whether he had really sent by his clerk the insulting message alluded to. Mr. Clugston had previously desired a friend whom he met accidentally on ’Change attend him as a witness of the whole scene. Mr. Samuel, on being thus pressed, avowed that had sent the message, and as well as could collect in the confusion which arose from the crowd, which in an instant collected round the parties, repeated his original expressions, communicated by Mr. Clugston’s clerk, on which the latter drew from his coach whip, which he had brought with him, and laid it across the shoulders of Mr. Samuel. Mr. Samuel, who is in slight degree lame, and who constantly carries a stick, retorted this attack by a blow on the head of his opponent, who rejoined with another application of his whip, which it broke, and left him apparently at the mercy of Mr. Samuel. He was quickly, however, supplied with a stick from one of the bystanders, and a regular combat ensued, characterised by more violence than skill, in which from 20 to 30 blows were given on each side.
18 February 1826 – Belfast Commercial Chronicle

Philip Oakden was a bankrupt merchant. Fifteen years later he repaid his debts with interest, and in response his creditors presented him with a silver bowl. This bowl still exists.
Its inscription is as follows:
Presented to Philip Oakden by gentlemen once his creditors in
testimony of the sense they entertain of his high honour and moral
rectitude evinced in paying full with interest after a lapse of 15 years his partnership proportion of debts from which he has been
honourably as well as legally discharged in 1827.

The Times, 12 Jan. 1829, p. 2. had an article about Philip’s payment in 1828 and the article was headed ‘Praiseworthy Conduct’. The article expressed amazement that in a sometimes dishonest, mercantile world, there was a merchant deserving of great praise. Three of the creditors are mentioned, James Lownds, Alex Clugston and John Mair, who expressed the opinion
‘that instances of honourable conduct such as you have shown are not
frequent in the mercantile world’.
http://eprints.utas.edu.au/8996/40/whole_Bailey_thesis.pdf

Alexander had a series of unprofitable ventures.

In 1824, Alexander Clugston was a member of the Thames Tunnel Company
https://archive.org/stream/ahistoryprivate02clifgoog#page/n538

“Drew vs Clugstone and another; Bennet vs same
An action to recover of the defendants, adventurers of Madelin mine, the sum of 231 pounds for Timber supplied for the mine, which was an unprofitable speculation. –
Verdict for the Plaintiff. Bennet claimed another 97 pounds.”
— Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 1828.8.9 p 2
Royal Cornwall Gazette 1828.11.8. Auction: A steam engine from the Wheal Madeline Tin Mine in Tywardreath.

James Clugston and Janet McDicken

No living descendants.

James Clugston ~1801- b Lanark(died by 1851)
  = Janet McDicken 1811- b. Glasgow  Dressmaker m 1836.8.21 Barony, Lanark 
    (Janet dau of ____ MacDicken and Rebecca ____ b1788 shopkeeper)
    (1841: High St, Lanark)
    (1851: Janet and son John were staying with Janet's mother, Millroad Street, Calton, Lanarkshire, Scotland)
    (1861: Back Land, Green St, Calton, Lanarkshire)
    (1871: 17 Green Street, Calton, Lanarkshire. Janet had boarders)
    Robina Clugston 1837.8.11 b Glasgow. Died by 1841.
    John Clugston 1841-1892 b. Scotland d. Lewisham, London. 1861:Warehouse Cl. 1891: Engine merchant
         (1871: Boarding with William Wallace, Cranfield Road, St Paul, Greenwich, London & Kent, England)
         (1881 "Clagston": Lodging with Robert &Maria Harrell, Coldharbour Lane, Lambeth, London)
         (1891: Lewisham, Kent)

John Clugston and Mary Wortherspoon

John is a male servant, indicating that he is not from a wealthy family.
He obviously cannot be a brother of any of the other John Clugstons of the same generation. He can’t be a son of James the tailor, whose son was Rev John. He cannot be the brother of John the philanthropist. He cannot be the brother of John, husband of Elizabeth Jaffray. Yet he was born near Glasgow.
I suspect that his parents came from Ireland, similarly to James Clugstone of New Luce, whose daughter was also a servant.

John Clugston 1803-  b Lanarkshire (died before 1861)   1841: male servant
  = Mary Wortherspoon 1807-1883.1.26 b Lanarkshire m. 1828.12.23 Cadder
(1851: Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire)
(1851: 96 Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire)
(1861: Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire)
(1881: 182 Cambridge St, Blythswood, Lanarkshire)
    Isabella Clugston 1829.9.14-1871.11.1 d Parklee Farm, Port Glasgow
        = Thomas Lochead 1825-1907 m 1855.7.26 Kirkintilloch Dunbarton
    Agnes Clugston 1832           b Glasgow Milliner
    John Clugston 1835.11- b. Scotland Wood Sawyer
      = Mary Bradford 1836.2-  m 1852.2.8 Barony, Lanarkshire
        (1870 Dec 24: New York City, Ward 20)
        (1870 June 20, 1870, Newtown, ward 20, surname "Cluxton")
        (1880 New York, ED389, sheet 268B)
        (1900: 	Election District 18 New York City Ward 13, New York County)
        George Bradford Clugston 1863.3 b New York
          = Elisabeth Jane Green 1876- b New York m 1908.3.10
        Margaret J Clugston 1863 b New York
          = John Robinson 1862- b. New Jersey m 1883.3.29 Manhattan New York
        Alexander Clugston 1866.6-
        Samuel Clugston 1875-
    Mary Clugston  1839  (died young)
    Jean Clugston 1841   (not present in 1851)
    Mary Clugston 1845  b Glasgow
    Elizabeth Clugston 1851.5.8-1891 b Glasgow

Unattached

There are a large number of reference to moderately wealthy Clugstons in Kirkcudbright. They may be related to John Clogston, Writer of Drumfries,
and the Clogstoun family of Antigua.

Elizabeth Clugston 1810-1828.5.31 d Canongate, Edinburgh

Jean Clugston 1759-1836.1.4 d Glasgow (Wife of William Raukin; check death certificate)
John Clugston = Agnes Scott
    Merey Clugston 1797.8.4-  Lanarkshire
      (This is probably Mary Clugston d. 1802.8.3 Glasgow age 5)
    John Clugston 1799.5.19 b Barony, Lanarkshire
    Agnes Clugston 1801-
    William Clugston 1803.11.5-.  b Barony. Child 5.

Marion Cligston 1801-1806.6.15 d. Glasgow
Janet Clugston 1843- b Glasgow. Domestic servant to a musical instrument maker
  (1861: Argyle St, St Enoch, Clyde, Lanarkshire)

1857: Alexander Clugston, depute clerk of the peace for the Lower Ward of Lanarkshire.

This family of Clugstons is Catholic. Surname might be Haney or Huney or Hanvey.

James Clogston = Rose Haney
   Mary Clogston 1820.8.26 Glasgow, St Andrews
   Lucy Clogston 1827.6.9 Glasgow, St Andrews
   Agnes Clogston 1831.3.24 Glasgow, St Andrews   
Matthew Clogston = Anne Strikeland m 1745.2.6 St Nicholas, Liverpool
Robert Clogstoun
    Alexander Clogstoun 1755.6.15 b Kells, Kircudbright

Robert Clogston
    Agnes Clogston 1767.5.28 b Kells, Kircudbright

Alexander Clugston 1685 – 1790.9.28 d. Irongray, Kircudbright. Farmer.
“Sept 1790. 28. In the parish of Irongray, aged 105, Mr Alexander Clugston farmer. He retained an almost uninterrupted state of health, with the entire use of his faculties, till his death” — The Scot’s Magazine, Vol 52, p467.
Historic claims of long lifetimes are notoriously unreliable. He was probably born much later.

John Clogstone = Mary Walker
    Margaret Clogstone bap 1774.7.11 bap Irongray, Kircudbright
Janet Jean Clugston = John Rodger  m 1784.5.30 Barony, Lanark
   Agnes Rodger 1785.3.21 b Barony, Lanark
   John Rodger 1788.3.9 b Barony, Lanark
   John Rodger 1791.6.7 b Barony, Larnark
   Marrion Rodger 1791.6.7  b Barony, Lanark 
   (and other children)
Peter Clogstone - 1781.11.22 d. Dumfries, Kircudbrightshire
    = Mary Crosbie m 1738.4.27 Dumfries, Kircudbrightshire


(Twynholm and Tongland are just to the north of Kirkcudbright)
Alexander Clugstoun = Jennet Kavet
   ?? Clugstoun b. 1718.10.19 Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire

Cirstine Clugstone = Thomas Kirk m 1743.3.9 Tongland, Kircudbrightshire
    Jean Kirk 1744.8.5 Tongland Kirkcudbrightshire


Andrew Clogston
    Patrick Clogston = Agnes Milligan m 1772.2.2 Dumfries, Scotland


Barbara Clogston = Jno McWilliam
  Jno McWilliam 1747.8.2 b. Glasgow

Barbara Clogston = John Bryce  m 1762.9.2 Linlithgow, West Lothian,Scotland

Sarah Clogston = John Logan
    James Logan 1732.5.28 b. Straiton, Ayrshire, Scotland

John Clugston, Gent

https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/13970/page/31/data.pdf
West Lowland Fencible Infantry
John Clugston, Gent, to be ensign, vice Coloquhuon, who retires.
11 Jan 1797

1801 Angusshire Fencible Infantry
Ensign John Clougston to be lieutenant, vice Brown who resigns. George Black to be Ensign, vice Clugston.

Robert Clugston, bookseller in Dumfries

Robert Clugston was a bookseller in Dumfries 1790 and 1794-1798.
He was one of the original members of the Royal Dumfries Volunteers, 1795.1.31. The poet Robert Burns was another inaugural member.
http://scans.library.utoronto.ca/pdf/1/16/burnschroniclecl2931kilmuoft/burnschroniclecl2931kilmuoft.pdf p 20.
There was a Sequestration (bankruptcy) of Robert Clugston bookseller in Dumfries 1800.8.2

He had fire insurance.

MS 11936/370/572150
Insured: Mary Wilson, Dumfries, widow, Robert Henderson and Andrew Johnston, merchants, in trust
Other property or occupiers: in Dumfries: Kings Arms Inn (J. H. Clint); near the Fish Cross (Baillie Dodds); J. Carlyle; near the Coffee House (Wilson, Clugstone); Old Coffee House Close (Mary Wilson)
Date: 24 July 1790

Reference: MS 11936/384/596854
Insured: Robert Clugston, Dumfries, stationer
Other property or occupiers: east side of the Plainstones Dumfries
Date: 15 February 1792
Records of Sun Fire Office

Hugh Clugston = Jean McConchie
    (1779 Stent Rolls: Hugh Clugston, joiner, Burgh of Kirkcudbright)
    (there are no Clugstons on the 1790 or 1803 stent rolls)
    William Clugston 1755.2.1 b Kirkcudbright
    Robert Clugston (bap) 1757.4.10-1820.8 b&d Kirkcudbright
    James Clugston 1759.2.21 b Kirkcudbright
    Alexander Clugston 1761.5.7 Kirkcudbright (must have died young)
    Jean Clugston 1763.2.7(bap) b Kirkcudbright (must have died young)
    Alexander Clugston 1765.5.1(bap) Kirkcudbright
    Jean Clugston 1768.3.13-1848.10.30 b&d Kirkcudbright 
       = P Spalding
    Elizabeth Clugston 1770.4.15-1817.4.22 b&d Kirkcudbright
       = James Douglas merchant in Kirkcudbright
       m 1812.7.11  (Caledonian Mercury, 1812.7.18)
    Christian Clugston 1772.7.2 bap Kirkcudbright
?? Clugston of Dumfries = Robert Spalding -1822.2.15 d Dumfries. Writer
    m 1798.12.3 Dumfries
    (Robert's brother, James Spalding 1764-1838.7.3 was a Clerk of the Peace of Drumfriesshire)
Agnes Clogston = Andrew Montgomery
    William Montgomery 1793.3.7 b Urr, Kirkcudbright
    Robert Montgomery 1795.7.10 b Urr, Kirkcudbright
    George Montgomery 1798.4.30 b Urr, Kirkcudbright
    Alexander Montgomery 1796.11.25 b Urr, Kirkcudbright
    Henrietta Montgomery 1800.3.19 b Urr, Kirkcudbright
    ...etc
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