Most of the Clugstons in Glasgow around 1800 seem to have come from St John’s Town of Dalry, in Kirkcudbrightshire, where we find William Clogston, merchant, and Baillie Clugston, farmer, and John Clugston, all born around 1720. They must have been quite wealthy because William’s son William went to university. It is likely that they are from a Covenanter family, for the family produced 3 Presbyterian ministers, a session clerk, and some great philanthrophists. Unfortunately the church records for Kirkcudbright are very poor. They may have come from to Dalry directly from the Barony of Clugston via the mountains of Galloway (many Covenanters were hiding in caves near Dalry) or via the coast.
They joined the textile industry in Calton, in Barony on the northeastern side of Glasgow, as the Industrial Revolution began.
Those first factories were horrific, with child labour, dangerous working conditions, and falling wages. The Calton weavers’s strike of 1787, violently suppressed by the army, resulted in Scotland’s first working-class martyrs. In 1800 there were food riots.
The Clugstons were part of the wealthy class of weavers who owned the looms, rather than the oppressed working class. John Clugston 1799-1855.3.27 was a power loom manufacturer, and thus had a particularly significant role in the Industrial Revolution. He was interested in science, and joined the Glasgow Philosophical Society.
The Clugstons made extensive social contributions:
* William Clugston was one of the first Sunday School teachers in the English-speaking world. Previously only the wealthy had attended school. The church believed in education for all.
* William contributed to the Lunatic Asylum.
* John Clugston was secretary of the Calton Bread Society, which attempted to break the power of the baking cartel, and provide cheaper bread.
* John was an office-bearer of the Galloway Brotherly Society, providing assistance to Scots who had moved to Glasgow because of the Lowland Clearances.
* John was secretary of the Calton Society for Religious Purposes, which distributed scriptures to the poor, and provided education for them.
* John’s wife Mary and daughter Beatrice set up an organisation to support released prisoners in the first weeks after they had served their time.
* Beatrice Clugston set up a hospital for Incurables, a forerunner of the modern Hospice movement. A side-effect was that many “incurables” recovered.
* Beatrice founded the Dunoon Seaside Homes, giving the sick a respite from the Glasgow smog. This saved so many lives that she became a household name. Fans of Beatrice included Queen Victoria’s daughter, and Florence Nightingale.
By the end of their lives, they had given away their entire fortune.
William Clugston and Agnes McNaight
William moved to Glasgow in 1766 or 1767. He had previously lived in Dalry, Kirkcudbright.
On the six birth records, Agnes’ surname is spelt five different ways! McNaight, McNeight, McNight, McNaught, McKnaight.
They had two attempts to have a son named James which indicates it was a family name which they wanted to preserve. We know 6 of the 7 children; if they were using Scottish naming, the missing child was probably born in 1666-1667, and was probably named Agnes. So the parents are likely to be William Clogston and Janet, James McNaight and Jean, all born around 1700; but this is just a guess.
Interestingly, the 1740 Protestant Returns for Ireland lists “279. James McKnight 280. Will Clogstown” of Magherafelt, Loughinsolin, County Londonderry. Of course this could be a coincidence. The Church of Ireland records for Magherafelt have survived, (PRONI reel MIC1/1A, includes baptisms 1718-1793 and marriages 1720-1845), as have some of the Presbyterian session minutes from 1703-1782.
William Clogston = Agnes McNaight 1723-1777.1.30 d. Glasgow (1768: Weaver, Calton) Jean Clogston 1758.9.14-1836.1.4 bap. Dalry, Kirkcudbright d. Glasgow = William Raukin William Clugston bap 1759.1.2 Dalry, Kirkcudbright James Clugston bap 1760.11.26 Dalry, Kirkcudbright (presumably died young) James Clogston bap 1762.12.2 Dalry, Kirkcudbright Janet Clugston 1765.4.2-1848.9.8 bap. Dalry, Kirkcudbright d. Glasgow Alexander Clogston 1768.3.31-1769.6.9 bap 1768.4.2 Barony, Larnarkshire 7th child
William Clugston, b Dalry, Galloway, son of William, artisan, graduated from University of Glasgow 1775 after studying Greek. “At one time in the parish, now in Glasgow”.
( Univ Glasgow student 3489) This is probably
William Clogston = Jean Stewart m 1778.11.21 Kilsyth, Stirling, Scotland James Clogston bap 1786.12.21 Stewarton, Ayrshire
Kilsyth is NE of Glasgow, near Kirkintilloch. This would presumably be Jean’s home town. Stewarton is SW of Glasgow.
I think this is William Clogston the schoolteacher at Old Cumnock (see below). I think he is also the Barony session clerk (see below)
Interestingly there is also
Jean Clugston 1795-1841.10.25 = William Stewart, Wine and Spirit Merchant. d Monimail. Cause of death: dropsy. Buried St Peters Dundee. This might be Jean Stewart b Angus who lived at Ireland’s Lane, Dundee in 1841. But that is quite far from Monimail.
Balmacellan is only 2km from Dalry. This is probably a brother of William.
John Clugston John Clugston bap 1765.9.9 Balmaclellan, Kirkcudbright
Bailie Clugston was age 76 in 1798 (and therefore born in 1722) and was living in New Galloway. “Edinburgh Magazine: Or Literary Miscellany, Volume 10”, p 45
(available on Google Books).
Bailie was also mentioned in “Lowran Castle, or, The wild boar of Curridoo: With other tales, illustrative of the superstitions, manners and customs of Galloway”, Robert Trotter (1822) quoted at http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/hot
New Galloway is only about 2km from Dalry. The name “Bailie” is very interesting because there was a “Bailie Clugston” in County Kildare at the same time.
There was an Alexander Paull in Aberdeen, weaver, who had a daughter 1745-1797.
There was also a Rev James Paull.
James Clogstone = Janet Paul m 1759.5.27 Barony, Lanark James Clogstone 1760.3.5 Child 1
And Agnes is probably a sister. Her surname is sometimes spelt “Clugston”. But the Glasgow guild record book says that Robert Hewhand is the eldest son of Alexander. When Alexander Hewhand died he was described as a merchant.
Agnes Clogston ??-1791.8.1 = Alexander Hewhand or Heughand, weaver (died by 1786) m 1748.3.21 Glasgow (Will exists, 3 pages) John Heuhand 1758.3.21 b. Barony, Lanark James Hewhand 1751.8.10 Elizabeth Hewhand 1753.6.27 Jean Heuhand 1758.3.24 b. Glasgow (male) Hewhand 1766.7.8-1766.7.8 (stillborn) Robert Hewhand 1770.5.19 b. Glasgow. Admitted to weaver's guild 1786.12.19
National Records of Scotland CS228/C/1/45 is Court of Session: Unextracted processes, 1st arrangement, Adams-Dalrymple office, “William Clugstone v McAdam: Suspension” 1703.
The weavers of Kircudbright
Possibly related to John Clogston, writer of Kirkcudbright, whose second marriage was to Agnes Muir m. 1782.1.28 Kirkcudbright, but who was born no later than 1730.
It is certain that this family was not using Scottish naming, but the two “Hunter”s are interesting. The family of James Cluxton in Kildare, Ireland also used surnames as first names.
James Clugston b. about 1756- = Mary Muir 1760- m. 1781.5.13 weaver (James was admitted to weaver's guild 1784) Andrew Clugston 1784.10.9 b. Barony, Lanark Child 2 Janet Clugston 1786.10.27 b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 3 Hunter Clugston 1790.10.4 b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 4 William Hunter Clugston 1792.9.14 b. Glasgow. Child 5 William Clugston b. 1795.7.20 b. Anderston, Lanark Jean Clugston b. 1799.2.3 b. Anderston, Lanark. Child 7
National Records of Scotland CS238/T/4/48 George Tod v Muir and Clogston, 1796.
James Clugston the tailor
This is a second James Clugston of the same age.
This family has three Presbyterian ministers. Rev William appeared in many newspaper articles; Rev James was the first Clugston in Canada.
This family used very strict Scottish naming. Rev James’s family is the most perfect example you could imagine. His first son was named after his father John; but he went one step further. His father John had been named after his mother’s father, John Clydesdale. Hence James named his son “John Clydesdale Clugston”. We can be certain that James Clugston the tailor, was the son of William Clugston. Agnes was either the wife of William, or the wife of John Clydesdale.
James is almost certainly the son of William Clugston and Agnes McNaight, which would mean he was born in Dalry, Kirkcudbright.
Bizarrely, this family has two people named “Hannah Dixon Clugston”. James seems to have named his daughter after his brother’s wife???
The family was wealthy.
James Clugston about 1763 tailor, Glasgow = Janet Clydesdale 1765- m 1790.7.4 m Barony, Lanarkshire Agnes Clugston 1791-1875 Annuitant b Glasgow Child 1 (Lived with her niece Hannah Dixon Clugston b 1841 in 1851, 1861, and 1871) d. Carluke(never married) (1851: 50 Great Hamilton St, St James, Lanarkshire, John Urie b 1831 lving with her too) (1861: Mcauslin St, St David, Central, Lanarkshire) Rev. William Clugston 1793.7.2 - 1857.3.3 b. Calton, Glasgow Child 2 d. Fofar, Angus = Margaret Gartley 1800-1866 (or 1797-1866) b Paisley, Renfrewshire m 1818.6.28 Forfar, Angus (registered in Glasgow at the same time) (1841: Manse of Forfar, Angus, Scotland) (1851: Castle St, Forfar, Angus, Scotland) (1861: Mary living at Oswald & Kirk Session School, Inchbelly Rd, Kirkintilloch, with Alexander & Janet) Margaret Clugston 1819.9.21-1841.3.3 Forfar, Angus James Clugston 1823.1.10 George Clugston 1824.6.26 - 1894.5 d. Belfast William Clugston 1826- clerk. = Davida Craig Wright 1823-1899.2.10 d. Wanganui New Zealand. m 1856.4.27 Edinburgh. (dau George Wright Esq) (Travelled to Sydney in 1856 in a first class cabin. 12 months jail for embezzlement 1866.2.10-1867. Seems to have died in jail) (Davida later married William Tester 1814-1891 of Datchet, England and lived in New Zealand). Jane Margaret Clugston 1857- b. Sydney = Frederick Henry Crawford m 1893.6.1 New Zealand Janet Clugston 1828.2.4-1890 still unmarried in 1871. d Beith(Ayr) Alexander Clugston 1830.5.30- general clerk(1851), sawyers clerk(1861) (1851: with brother William, staying with James & Mary Martin & family, Maryfield 16, Greenside, Midloahian. Not present in 1871) Elspeth Clugston 1834-1835.2.2 d. Forfar (Unknown Child 3, born 1794-1795, probably stillborn) Rev. John Clugston 1796.12.24 - 1877.1.21 b Glasgow, Child 4 d Stewarton Ayrshire = Hannah Dixon 1793-1861 m 1830.8.11 (Fasti ecclessiae says James was his only son) (John studied Divinity at University of Glasgow 1820-1821) (Free Presbyterian minister in Quebec 1840-1853, then returned to Scotland. Probate record exists (3 pages)) Rev James Clugston 1831-1908.1.17 b Quebec m 1860.4.24 Edinburgh = Jemima Crighton Martin 1838.9.16-1908.1.16 b Edinburgh Bank clerk (dau of James Martin & Mary Swinton) (1881: Free Church Manse, Stewarton, Ayrshire) (1901: Holyrood Quadrant 25, Glasgow, Kelvin) Hannah Dixon Clugston 1861-1866.2.22 James Clugston 1862.7.30-1889.3.23 d Stewarton (Will exists. SON OF AND RESIDING WITH REV. JAMES CLUGSTON, F.C. MANSE, STEWARTON, D. 23/03/1889 AT STEWARTON, TESTATE) Mary Swinton Clugston 1864.7.31-1956 b Stewarton d Henley, Oxfordshire. Accountant. Liquidator in 1910 (1891: Cambridge Rd, Chiswick, Brentford, Middlesex. Secretary to Louisa E Smith, authoress) (1939: Cookham R. D, Berkshire, staying with sister Susanna). John Clydesdale Clugston 1866.4.5-1866.4.19 Susanna Crauford Allan Clugston 1867.9.31-1955 d Henley, Oxfordshire William Rose Martin Clugston 1871.6.5-1872.8.13 d Stewarton Jemima Crighton Martin Clugston 1873.3.13-1889.6.14 d. Crieff, Perthshire Ralph Dixon Clugston 1874.12.25-1914.10.13 d. Orwell, Kinross-shire Timber merchant's clerk Beatrice Clugston 1877- 1953 d. Reading, Berkshire Robert Buchanan Clugston 1879- 1929 d. Rhu Dunbartonshire. Lived in Christchurch NZ in 1911 = Janet Watson m. 1917 Blythswood, Glasgow Alexander Clugston 1799.8.11- 1799.11.19 b. Barony d. Glasgow. Child 6. Marrion Clugston 1800.10.1- Child 7 James Clugston 1804- Wright. Child 8 =1 ? William Clugston 1831 born outside Lanarkshire Silk spinner =2 Christian Wilson 1812- m 1838.9.22 Gorbals, Lanark. Janet Clugston 1839.3.10- b Barony. Private teacher (Baptism witnesses: John Buchanan, William Winthrop) (1881: Hillview Terrace, Shettleston, Lanarkshire) Hannah Dixon Clugston 1840-1933 = Andrew Beveridge 1832-1892.12.27 m 1867.7.11 Agnes Clugston Beveridge 1868-1875.2.4 b. Glasgow Elizabeth Drummond Beveridge 1873-1875.2.12 Hannah Andrew Beveridge 1875- = George Doig Andrew Beveridge 1877- James Alexander Beveridge 1879- Elizabeth Clydesdale Beveridge 1881-1906.3 Janet Clydesdale Clugston 1842-1930 d. Stirling James Clugston 1844-1880 d. Milton = Elizabeth Graham 1850- m 1866.8.24 Barony, Lanark b Falkirk, Stirlingshire. laundress (1871: Back Land, 11 Burnside St, St George Glasgow, Milton) (1881: 196 Possil Rd Milton, Lanarkshire) Christina Wilson Clugston 1867- b Glasgow wool weaver James Clugston 1871.12.30- Mary Gentles Clugston 1874- = George Edward Meehan 1876- m 1909.6.30 Toronto ---> Ontario, Canada Elizabeth Clugston 1880- b Glasgow =3 Helen 1811 ?????? living in Collinton with the Gray family???
Surely related. One of the sons of John Clugston and Elizabeth Jaffray had also lived on Gallowgate St. Probably a coincidence.
Margaret Gartley Clugston Laird = Hugh Wilson -1870. painter m 1851.2.2 Forfar (1870: Gallowgate St, Glasgow) (Hugh's will was probated 1870.9.20)
Alexander Clugston was a writer in Edinburgh in 1853. This must be Alexander the son of Rev William.
John Clugston was an office bearer of the Glasgow Galloway Brotherly Society, in 1820 and 1821. He was one of the 12 Masters. (Glasgow Herald, 18 August 1820 and 20 August 1821). All members had to be between the ages of 14 and 45, with parents or grandparents who had lived in Galloway.
It is very likely that he is the son of John Clugston and Agnes Scott, since his second daugher was named Agnes, and since his third daughter was named “Mary McKenzie” they are definitely using traditional Scottish naming to some extent. However, we know from his will that Mary’s father was Duncan, not William.
Mary McKenzie was born in Jamaica so the father may have been “McKenzie, Duncan, St. Thomas in the East, planter”, (will exists, probated in 1801).
Their daughter Beatrice became a very prominent philanthropist, who even attracted Queen Victoria’s daughter as a patron.
A 44 page book written by Beatrice, including a letter of support from Florence Nightingale, is available at https://archive.org/details/b21459654
“Missing links in Scotland’s charities and how the chain may be repaired [electronic resource] : a paper written to further the interests of Broomhill Home, Kirkintilloch and the Dunoon convalescent homes”, Beatrice Clugston, 1880.
Another, with some stories told by Beatrice in 1871, is here:
She notes that in that year, 647 patients had been admitted, 570 left in cured or improved condition, and only one had died.
John joined the Glasgow Philosophical Society on 1841.12.15. In 1843 he was still a member, and lived in Portland Street.
In 1841 they had with them: Susan Hutchinson b 1801, Magdaline Tosh 1836. who could be related, but the family was known for their charity work, so they could be orphans.
In 1851 John’s occupation is “Bleacher and Manuf employ 21 men 13 women and 2 boys”
The Glasgow directory for 1849-50 has “CLUGSTON, John, & Co., power-loom cloth manufacturers, 1 National Bank Buildings, South wing, Queen street”
A will has survived for three members of this family.
There are biographies of Beatrice’s life that state that in the 1840’s John inherited a bleaching mill so that they moved to Avon bank.
The mill still exists and is under Heritage Protection. According to ScotlandsPlaces, it was built as a print works around 1796 and converted to bleaching around 1836. But John’s will, written in 1836, already mentions his “Bleaching Works”. In 1843 it was occupied by Archibald Monro; in 1852 by John Clugston; in 1857 by John Dixon, and in 1862 by John Boyes.
In 1817 John Orr sold land in the newly created village of New Calton to William Clugstone and others.
William Clugston. Schoolteacher and Barony session clerk (allegedly the brother of John, but must be his uncle) John Clugston 1799-1855.3.27 b. Lanark Scotland. d. Avonbank, Larkhall 1841: Merchant. 1851: Power loom manufacturer & bleacher (Will exists) = Mary McKenzie 1795-1881.11.30 b. British Jamaica d. Lenzie (will exists) m 1826.10.12 Glasgow (Daughter of Duncan McKenzie) (1821: Calton Bread Society, 30 Clyde St Calton, Glasgow) (1823: Calton Bread Society, 2 Tobago St Calton, Glasgow) (1827: Calton Provident Bank, 1 Stevenson St, Glasgow) (1841: Bridgeton, Dalmarnock, Barony, Glasgow) (1851: Avon Bank, Dalserf, Lanarkshire) (1871: Prospect Villa Lenzie, Kirkintilloch, Dunbartonshire) (John is listed in "Nobleman and Gentlemen's seats, villages, etc in Scotland", 1852) (When John died they returned to Glasgow.) (moved to Moncrieff Ave Northwood around 1877. Beatrice was alone in 1881) Beatrice Clugston 1827.9.22-1888.12.3 Child 1. Philanthropist b Calton (http://www.mycityglasgow.co.uk/index_files/clugston.htm) (1881:Northwood, Lenzie North. Gone by 1882) John Clugston 1829.4.27 b Glasgow (died before 1836) Agnes Clugston 1831-1841 (died before 1836) William Clugston 1833.1.27- (died before 1836) Mary McKenzie Clugston 1835-1859.3.11 d. 21 Landsdowne Cresent, Glasgow. Unmarried. (Inventory exists)
In 1836 their only children were Beatrice and Mary McKenzie Clugston.
Beatrice Clugston set up two convalescent homes. One of them, Broomhill hospital, Kirkintilloch, closed in 1995, and is now allegedly haunted by her ghost! http://www.falkirkherald.co.uk/news/hallowe-en-special-scotland-s-most-haunted-places-1-3931565
Some other Clugstons, all children of John Clugston and Elizabeth Jaffray, also died at Lenzie. Margaret (below) is probably a sister of one of the Johns. James lived at Viewfield, Lenzie North, in 1881 to 1889.
Margaret Clugston 1790-1866 d Kirkintilloch
The Calton Association for Religious Purposes for 1823-1824 lists the following members in No III District:
William Clugston, Mrs Clugston, John Clugston Senior, John Clugston Junior, James Murray, and John Wood. The secretary of the organisation was John Clugston.
Beatrice’s father must be John Clugston Junior, since he was only 25 years old. We are told (see below) that William Clugston was her uncle, but this is impossible. John Clugston Senior must be her grandfather.
They attended Bridgeton Presbyterian Church.
Mr. Wilson was licensed to preach the gospel in 1840, and soon thereafter he became missionary in Henderson Parish, Kilmarnock, where he laboured for several months. During this time he preached as a candidate in Bridgeton quoad sacra Church, … At the election Mr. Wilson was chosen to be minister.
As the congregation was but recently formed, though it gathered quickly and prospered greatly under Dr. Fairbairn’s ministry, it was not large. But it was in a very healthy state, so that the young minister entered upon his work in most auspicious circumstances. The people were harmonious, and he found himself surrounded by a staff of devoted office-bearers, among whom, conspicuous by his zeal and liberality, was Mr. Clugston, father of the well-known Beatrice Clugston, of the Dunoon Convalescent Homes. …
In an address to them, which he had prepared for the celebration of his jubilee, but did not live to deliver, he said, “When I was ordained in this charge the times were very much disturbed with discussions about non-intrusion of ministers and probable disruption. This state of things continued for two years, during which time our numbers had very considerably increased. Then the Disruption came, and the whole community was moved by that event. Many congregations were widely rent by it, but ours scarcely knew any change. The whole congregation—minister, elders, and members—joined the Free Church, with the exception of three families, and as a Free church we continued to prosper and increase.”
The Free Church Monthly, June, 1891, “Obituary of Rev Alexander Wilson, Bridgeton, Glasgow”, p.181
John Clugston Esq, merchant, was a Ruling Elder in the General Assembly of the Free Church 1843.
The 1821 Glasgow Post Office Directory has:
John Clugston, Calton Bread Society, 30 Clyde St Calton; The 1823 directory is the same except that John Clugston is at 7 Tobago St Calton. In 1819 and 1820 it was 2 Tobago St. John was not present in 1818. In 1819, “Clugston John, Calton Bread Society, Tobago St”. Over the following years the bread society is at 3 Tobago St, 30 Clyde St, then 7 Tobago St. John disappears in 1828. In 1829-1835 John was treasurer of the Calton Provident Bank, and lived at 22 Monteith Row. In 1836 the only Clugston was John Clugston at Dalmarnock.
The 1803 directory lists “Session Clerk’s Office, Barony Parish, Gray’s Land, Barony Glebe W Clugston, clerk”. The 1805 directory lists “Clugston, teacher and Barony session clerk, 19 St Andrews Square”. This entry was not present in 1804. In 1809 it lists “Clugston, — teacher, 19 St Andrew Square”. In 1812 to 1823 “Clugston W and W, Teachers, 19 St Andrew Square”. In 1824 they disappear. Perhaps W retired, because he remained in Glasgow, and was still session clerk in the 1828 directory. In 1830 Wm Clugston and David McBrayne were conjunct session clerks. He is not listed in 1831. It seems that he is the William Clugston who died in Glasgow on 1830.5.14.
In 1825, W Clugston was one of the 30 Directors of the Glasgow Magdalene Asylum (the President was Rev Dr Burns).
But who is the other W Clugston, teacher? Presumably this was his son, also named William? Then where did he go?
In 1811, Clugston, Mr W, teacher, gave a donation from his students 9 pounds to the Lunatic Asylum Glasgow, and 9 pounds to the British and Foreign Bible Society. (https://books.google.de/books?id=pElgAAAAcAAJ)
This may be the same William Clogston who was schoolmaster and Session Clerk from 1787-1788 in Cumnock school, Old Cumnock in Ayrshire, who was surely the same William Clogston, schoolmaster who was a subscriber to the book “A treatise on Justification” by Thomas Dutton, 1778 (actually by Anne Dutton, a woman Baptist theologian).
We must not leave the ministers without introducing the session clerk and parish schoolmaster for the Barony parish, Mr. Clugston*. He was a good-looking, well-informed old man of most gentlemanly bearing, and very highly esteemed. He knew a good sermon when he heard it, and he could recognize a sermon that he had heard before. His son was commissary under Wellington in the Peninsular War, and on one occasion young Clugston took the old gentleman to London to see the sights and to hear some of the great preachers. Coming out of one church the commissary said to him, “That was a good evangelical sermon; did you not enjoy it?” “Very much, very much. A most excellent, sound, gospel sermon, but I read the whole of it in the Christian Observer as we came in the smack from Leith to London!”
*The name of his niece, Miss Beatrice Clugston, the founder of the Glasgow and Dunoon Convalesecent Homes… is known universally in Glasgow.
The minster was Rev John Burns (13 February 1744 – 26 February 1839). He set up a Sunday School in Calton in 1774 or 1775. This was one of the earliest in the world; the Sunday School movement only really started in 1781. Clugston may have been one of the first teachers of working-class children in Scotland.
But, how can Beatrice be his niece? Her father was born in 1799, yet W Clugston was a teacher in 1803.
(Leith is a northern district of Edinburgh. The Peninsular War was 1807-1814). His son is almost certainly the same man who was in Paris a few months after the Battle of Waterloo. According to The Edinburgh Annual Register, on 1815.9.5, “Mr Kean and Mr Clugstot, two Irish gentlemen, went out together for a walk” when Mr Kean was fatally stabbed with a sword concealed in a walking stick. This was an international incident, and “The Duke of Wellington has offered a considerable reward for the discovery of the murderer”. No details about who Keen was are given, but in the German newspaper “Berlinische Nachrichten von Staats- und gelehrten Sachen” we read “Der Engländer Kean trieb Lieferungsgeschäfte für die Armee, und fiel nicht als Opfer des Nationalwaffes sondern die Privattrade” (The Englander Kean organised procurement for the the army, and was a victim not of national weapons but rather of private trade). It is likely that Kean was another commissary. Kean was from central Ireland.
On. Tuesday evening, between eight and nine o’clock, Mr Kean and Mr Clugston, two English gentlemen, went out together for a walk upon the Boulevarde. As these gentlemen were passing along, one of them accidentally trod upon the foot of a person who had the appearance of a French Gentleman, and expressed himself very impatiently, although he was he was told the trivial offence was entirely accidental. A crowd was soon collected to the spot, and created some confusion, in the course of which Mr Kean unhappily received a wound in his left side from a cane sword. Soon after it was inflicted, a person in plain clothes was observed brandishing such a weapon, exclaiming at the same time — “Je suis un Officier Francaise!” and it is very probable that this was the person who inflicted the wound. He is supposed not to be the same whose foot was trodden upon; he, however, got away in the confusion, and has not, as yet been heard of. Kean was very soon taken home, from which he was not absent a quarter of an hour altogether. On his arrival, Dr Tupper was sent for, who immediately declared the wound (though very small) to be of a most dangerous nature. Under all the existing circumstances, he suggested the propriety of calling in some other medical gentlemen to act with him. This suggestion was of course immediately attended to, and; Dr Tupper sent for Mr Dyupertrin, a French surgeon of eminence, whose opinion corroborated that which the former gentleman had already pronounced, and which was, unfortunately but too well-founded. Dr Hume was afterward also called in, but nothing more could be done, than had already been attempted for the purpose of affording effectual relief, and Mr Kean died about ten o’clock Thursday morning.
Caledonian Mercury Midlothian, Scotland, 25 Sep 1815
John Clugston and Mary Wortherspoon
John is a male servant, indicating that he is not from a wealthy family.
He obviously cannot be a brother of any of the other John Clugstons of the same generation. He can’t be a son of James the tailor, whose son was Rev John. He cannot be the brother of John the philanthropist. He cannot be the brother of John, husband of Elizabeth Jaffray. Yet he was born near Glasgow.
I suspect that his parents came from Ireland, similarly to James Clugstone of New Luce, whose daughter was also a servant.
John Clugston 1803- b Lanarkshire (died before 1861) 1841: male servant = Mary Wortherspoon 1807-1883.1.26 b Lanarkshire m. 1828.12.23 Cadder (1851: Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire) (1851: 96 Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire) (1861: Cambridge St, St Georges, Lanarkshire) (1881: 182 Cambridge St, Blythswood, Lanarkshire) Isabella Clugston 1829.9.14-1871.11.1 d Parklee Farm, Port Glasgow = Thomas Lochead 1825-1907 m 1855.7.26 Kirkintilloch Dunbarton Agnes Clugston 1832 b Glasgow Milliner John Clugston 1835.11- b. Scotland Wood Sawyer = Mary Bradford 1836.2- m 1852.2.8 Barony, Lanarkshire (1870 Dec 24: New York City, Ward 20) (1870 June 20, 1870, Newtown, ward 20, surname "Cluxton") (1880 New York, ED389, sheet 268B) (1900: Election District 18 New York City Ward 13, New York County) George Bradford Clugston 1863.3 b New York = Elisabeth Jane Green 1876- b New York m 1908.3.10 Margaret J Clugston 1863 b New York = John Robinson 1862- b. New Jersey m 1883.3.29 Manhattan New York Alexander Clugston 1866.6- Samuel Clugston 1875- Mary Clugston 1839 (died young) Jean Clugston 1841 (not present in 1851) Mary Clugston 1845 b Glasgow Elizabeth Clugston 1851.5.8-1891 b Glasgow
There are a large number of reference to moderately wealthy Clugstons in Kirkcudbright. They may be related to John Clogston, Writer of Drumfries,
and the Clogstoun family of Antigua.
Elizabeth Clugston 1810-1828.5.31 d Canongate, Edinburgh
Jean Clugston 1759-1836.1.4 d Glasgow (Wife of William Raukin; check death certificate)
John Clugston = Agnes Scott Merey Clugston 1797.8.4- Lanarkshire (This is probably Mary Clugston d. 1802.8.3 Glasgow age 5) John Clugston 1799.5.19 b Barony, Lanarkshire Agnes Clugston 1801- William Clugston 1803.11.5-. b Barony. Child 5. Marion Cligston 1801-1806.6.15 d. Glasgow
Janet Clugston 1843- b Glasgow. Domestic servant to a musical instrument maker
(1861: Argyle St, St Enoch, Clyde, Lanarkshire)
1857: Alexander Clugston, depute clerk of the peace for the Lower Ward of Lanarkshire.
This family of Clugstons is Catholic. Surname might be Haney or Huney or Hanvey.
James Clogston = Rose Haney Mary Clogston 1820.8.26 Glasgow, St Andrews Lucy Clogston 1827.6.9 Glasgow, St Andrews Agnes Clogston 1831.3.24 Glasgow, St Andrews
Matthew Clogston = Anne Strikeland m 1745.2.6 St Nicholas, Liverpool
Robert Clogstoun Alexander Clogstoun 1755.6.15 b Kells, Kircudbright Robert Clogston Agnes Clogston 1767.5.28 b Kells, Kircudbright
Alexander Clugston 1685 – 1790.9.28 d. Irongray, Kircudbright. Farmer.
(Scot’s Magazine, Vol 52 notes that “he retained an almost uninterrupted state of health, with the full use of his faculties, until his death” at the age of 105
Historic claims of long lifetimes are notoriously unreliable. He was probably born much later).
John Clogstone = Mary Walker
Margaret Clogstone bap 1774.7.11 bap Irongray, Kircudbright
Janet Jean Clugston = John Rodger m 1784.5.30 Barony, Lanark Agnes Rodger 1785.3.21 b Barony, Lanark John Rodger 1788.3.9 b Barony, Lanark John Rodger 1791.6.7 b Barony, Larnark Marrion Rodger 1791.6.7 b Barony, Lanark (and other children)
Peter Clogstone – 1781.11.22 d. Dumfries, Kircudbrightshire
= Mary Crosbie m 1738.4.27 Dumfries, Kircudbrightshire
(Twynholm and Tongland are just to the north of Kirkcudbright)
Alexander Clugstoun = Jennet Kavet
?? Clugstoun b. 1718.10.19 Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire
Cirstine Clugstone = Thomas Kirk m 1743.3.9 Tongland, Kircudbrightshire
Patrick Clogston = Agnes Milligan m 1772.2.2 Dumfries, Scotland
Barbara Clogston = Jno McWilliam
Jno McWilliam 1747.8.2 b. Glasgow
Barbara Clogston = John Bryce m 1762.9.2 Linlithgow, West Lothian,Scotland
Sarah Clogston = John Logan
James Logan 1732.5.28 b. Straiton, Ayrshire, Scotland
John Clugston, Gent
West Lowland Fencible Infantry
John Clugston, Gent, to be ensign, vice Coloquhuon, who retires.
11 Jan 1797
1801 Angusshire Fencible Infantry
Ensign John Clougston to be lieutenant, vice Brown who resigns. George Black to be Ensign, vice Clugston.
Robert Clugston, Writer
Robert Clogston ??-1798.6.8, writer of Kirkcudbright. (Edict exists).
Robert Clugston was a bookseller in Dumfries 1790 and 1794-1798.
He was one of the original members of the Royal Dumfries Volunteers, 1795.1.31. The poet Robert Burns was another inaugural member.
http://scans.library.utoronto.ca/pdf/1/16/burnschroniclecl2931kilmuoft/burnschroniclecl2931kilmuoft.pdf p 20.
There was a Sequestration (bankruptcy) of Robert Clugston bookseller in Dumfries 1800.8.2
He had fire insurance.
Insured: Mary Wilson, Dumfries, widow, Robert Henderson and Andrew Johnston, merchants, in trust
Other property or occupiers: in Dumfries: Kings Arms Inn (J. H. Clint); near the Fish Cross (Baillie Dodds); J. Carlyle; near the Coffee House (Wilson, Clugstone); Old Coffee House Close (Mary Wilson)
Date: 24 July 1790
Reference: MS 11936/384/596854
Insured: Robert Clugston, Dumfries, stationer
Other property or occupiers: east side of the Plainstones Dumfries
Date: 15 February 1792
Records of Sun Fire Office
Hugh Clugston = Jean McConchie (1779 Stent Rolls: Hugh Clugston, joiner, Burgh of Kirkcudbright) (there are no Clugstons on the 1790 or 1803 stent rolls) William Clugston 1755.2.1 b Kirkcudbright Robert Clugston (bap) 1757.4.10-1820.8 b&d Kirkcudbright James Clugston 1759.2.21 b Kirkcudbright Alexander Clugston 1761.5.7 Kirkcudbright (must have died young) Jean Clugston 1763.2.7(bap) b Kirkcudbright (must have died young) Alexander Clugston 1765.5.1(bap) Kirkcudbright Jean Clugston 1768.3.13-1848.10.30 b&d Kirkcudbright = P Spalding Elizabeth Clugston 1770.4.15-1817.4.22 b&d Kirkcudbright = James Douglas Christian Clugston 1772.7.2 bap Kirkcudbright
?? Clugston of Dumfries = Robert Spalding Writer -1822.2.15 d Dumfries m 1798.12.3 Dumfries (Robert's brother, James Spalding 1764-1838.7.3 was a Clerk of the Peace of Drumfriesshire)
Agnes Clogston = Andrew Montgomery William Montgomery 1793.3.7 b Urr, Kirkcudbright Robert Montgomery 1795.7.10 b Urr, Kirkcudbright George Montgomery 1798.4.30 b Urr, Kirkcudbright Alexander Montgomery 1796.11.25 b Urr, Kirkcudbright Henrietta Montgomery 1800.3.19 b Urr, Kirkcudbright ...etc