Thomas Clugston of Carlingford, County Louth
On 1718.6.18, Thomas Clugston bought an estate called “Menidees Park” on Carlingford Lough, on the border between County Down and County Louth. His will, dated 1731/2.1.24, was probated on 1764.9.23. It was preserved by Crosslé. Thomas owned a “white house” and a “malt house” in Carlingford, County Lough. He was already a grandfather in 1731.
Interestingly, the surname spelling changed for most Clugstons that went south. Many records are spelt “Cluxton”, “Claxton” or even “Cluckstone”. Some records include both spellings. He totally abandoned Scottish naming conventions; I suspect his wife was English.
The third son James graduated from university in 1710, so must have been born before 1690. So, Thomas must have been born before 1670, so he could not be the son of the Belfast merchant John Clugston Junior (whose son Thomas was born in 1679).
He was probably related to Thomas Clugston who paid hearth tax in 1669 in Dunrod, Tullyrusk (south of Belfast, west of Lisburn).
Thomas Clugston -1764 Henry Clugston (died by 1731) Innkeeper = Elizabeth George (Eliz remarried __ Daveyson by 1731) Jean Clugston = (1) Robert Corry =(2) Robert Manly Miss Manly George Clugston. Deaf and dumb. Elizabeth Clugston. Deaf and dumb. James Clugston. (Graduated Univ Glasgow 1712. Went to America before 1764) Christopher Clugston. 3rd son d. 1778 Ballyfin, Leighlin, Carlow Rev Josias Clugston -1775 minister at Larne 1717-1775. (Graduated Univ Glasgow 1710) (allegedly only had one son, James) Rev James Clugston ~1715-1780 = Elizabeth -1784 (Graduated Univ Glasgow 1734) (Pastor of Bandon, County Cork 1745-1780) ("ordained young") Mary Clugston 1755.1.14 - 1826.10.12 b. Bandon = George Allman 1750-1827 James Clugston Allman 1780-1845 b&d Bandon = Sarah Lane (Owned a whiskey distillery) James Clugston Allman 1822.3.24 b Bandon Thomas Clugston bap 1756.12.1 b. Bandon (1787: Merchant and Tanner, Bandon) (Paid a large debt to George Wheeler 1812) (Apparently died childless) Jean Clugston. Never married. Alexander Clugston. Never married.
Henry Clugston was the innkeeper of “The Jolly Sailor” in Newry in 1728. Presumably he served beer produced at his father’s malt house.
It seems he had twins, for both George and Elizabeth were mute.
Thomas’s sons Josias and James Clugston graduated with an MA from the University of Glasgow in 1710 and 1712 respectively. One of James Clugston’s classmates was the philosopher Francis Hutcheson, one of the founders of the Scottish Enlightenment. Most of his other classmates became Presbyterian ministers in America.
James seems to have had a fight with his father; Thomas left him only 1 shilling. The other children died childless.
Rev Josias Clugston of Larne
Josiah Clugston, of “Scoto-Hibernus” (Ireland) graduated with an MA from the University of Glasgow in 1710. Jacobus Clugston (ie, James), also of “Scoto-Hibernus” also graduated with an MA in 1711. We can safely assume that this his brother James. Other students were aged 18 or 19 at graduation, meaning he was born around 1692.
Although he was a minister at Larne, he was sent from Armagh.
“Mr Clugston lived to a very advanced age”. If he was born 1692, he died in office age 83. He only had one son, Rev James Clugston, who matriculated in Dec 1734 from Ethics class at the ( University of Glasgow, student 405), and seems to have been a heretical minister (he apparently did not believe in the Trinity). If he graduated age 18, he was born in 1716.
He and his assistant minister were buried in the same grave. The gravestone says that he died age 80 and his assistant died age 70. I don’t think we can trust this, it would mean he graduated at age 15.
Patrick Agnew of Kilwaughter was a strong supporters of Josias, to such an extent that his family paid the stipend for the ministers at Larne. In the 1790’s, Thomas Agnew married Jean Clugston and lived in Leswalt near Stranraer, so Josias may have been a close relative of Dr William of Stranraer and his wife Barbara Vans. Jean is the wrong generation to be a daughter of Josias. John Vans married Margaret Agnew, so these families are tightly intertwined. An Agnew married a Vans.
But the name “Josias” indicates he was from a pious family, and Dr William’s family seems irreligious.
1715 Joseph Clugston, Presby Armadgh, first trials for ordination. p350
1715 Presby Armadgh, Josias Clugston (with Mr Elliot, William Smith)
Josias Clugston, probationer, assigned to spend one month in Derry.
Josias Clugston, ordained at Larne 1717-18.3.19
Rev James Clugston of Dublin was a subscriber to “Discourses on all the principal branches of natural religion and social virtue”, James Foster, published 1749. (Note this book was Unitarian).
Rev James Clugston of Bandon was a subscriber to “The history of the general rebellion in Ireland 1641”, Sir John Temple and Sir Henry Tichborne, published 1766.
Presumably the Boyd family is descended from him; they propagated the name for at least five generations. But it is also possible that the Boyds named their son after their minister. They are Non-subscribing Presbyterians.
Josias Clougston Boyd ??-1827 d. Lelis, Kilwaughter, Antrim. Joseph Clugston Boyd 1826-1906.Q2 b Kilwaughter, Antrim. Farmer = Agnes 1827-1913.5.21 b Killyglen, Antrim (1901: 12 Lealies, Kilwaughter, Antrim) Joseph Boyd 1861-1911.5.12 b. Kilwaughter, Antrim Farmer = Mary Jane McNeill b. Killyglen, Antrim m 1888 (1911: 9 Lealies, Kilwaughter, Antrim) 1889.Q2 Josias Clugston Boyd = ?? m 1916.Q1 1920.Q1-1924.3.11 Josias Clugston Boyd b Larne 1892 Janie Boyd Agnes Boyd 1866-1880.9.5 Samuel Boyd Captain Thomas Josiah Clugston Boyd, of S.S. Lord Rosebery 1864- = Ethel Agnes Watson 1866.5.30 m 1893.10.7 (Ethel dau. George John Chalmers Scott)
Records pertaining to this branch
Thomas’ will, from the Crosslé Collection
This was typed.
Abstract of will proved in the District of Drogheda:-
I desire to be buried in my burial place at my wife’s discretion, whom I appoint
sole executrix, and she to enjoy all my leases and goods whatsoever, also to
take care of my children, educate such of them that are not come of age and when
they do that they be put to trades.
My son Christopher to have the lease of my now dwelling house and lands after decease
of my wife, he paying £20 to my son Josias, and £10 to my daughter Jean.
My son Josias to have Mr Wallace’s lease of the malt [Crossle has “mauit (or mamt?)” but it is actually “malt”] house after decease
of my wife, or when she shall please to give it to him.
To my son Alexander and to my daughter Jean the lease of the whitehouse purchased
from ( ) Brown, they paying to my son Josias £20 after the decease of my wife.
To my son James one shilling.
To my grandchild Jean, daughter to my son Henry, deceased, after the decease of my wife,
Beck’s lease, which I purchased, and I order the £20 due me by the widow of my son Henry Daveyson,
to be sued for if it is not paid to my wife without suit.
The residue of my goods whatsoever among my children as my wife shall please, except the stock in farm
I order to my son Chirstopher if he is an obedient son, and I order all my children to be obedient to
their mother or they will incurr God’s displeasure.
My son Christopher, if he lives to survive his mother, to take care of his brothers and sister and
to see justice done to them.
In witness thereof 24th January 1731/2 THO: CLUGSTON
Witnesses: Elizabeth Moore
Jane Clugston, the daughter of testator (the executrix appointed being deceased) sworn to administer
said will, dated 23rd September 1764.
Clugston against Stannus:-
Above will was produced to Samuel Conn this 4th May 1778.
Above will was produced to Hugh Moore, Esq, at the time of his examination in this cause, 2nd May 1778,
Above will was produced to Peter Draper, gent, at the time of his examination in this cause, 4th May 1778
Above will was produced to Rev Peter Barker, at the time of his examination in this cause. [No date]
Above will was produced to Mrs Elizabeth Moore, at the time of her examination in this cause. [No date]
See also PRONI D4066/5. 18 June 1718
Lease from James Stannis, Carlingford, Co. Louth to Thos. Clugston, Carlingford, Co. Louth of house, lands and park called Menidees Park in Carlingford, Co. Louth.
Chancery Bill, from the Crosslé Collection
This handwriting is very messy. The question marks are mine, for words I could not interpret.
The word that looks like “net” but with a large n I have transcribed as “Det” meaning “defendant”.
In any case it clearly refers to Jane.
Fortunately he also drew a tree of the family (also messy).
Note: The individuals who receive property through a will are called devisees.
In 1783.11.7, there was a Chancery Bill by Ephraim Stannus against Jane Clugston and others. http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/15921/page/420701
Chanc[ery] Bill Clugston v Stannus
Jane Clugston only surviving [sduin? dau?] of Thomas Clugston
late of Carling ford testator of his? deeds + adm[inastri]x + e
qar to Josias Clugston & also of Alex Clugston both
That Thos Clugston Dets late father is the leard?
ales + enciled is will to of C’ld in Louth? by
virtue 4 seul Creun? of lease eied? tri being? held
trar? Wm Stannus by deed as bu? Ruth Butler by
deed & 4th endr Wm Wallace decd
That in a heardi? will 24 Jan 1731 + utis?
alern? devised to his ex Jane Clugston all his
effects + leases pertaining and after her death he
demsd to his son Xpher Clugston the lease of his
dw[e]l[lin]g p[la]ce + ld theuch? belonging he paying
£20 to sd Josias Clugston & £10 to his dau Deft
Jane + demised to his son Alex + Det Jane
the lease of the white house which he had purchased
from one Brown. they paying to Josias Clugston £20
and deined & his made dau Jane Clugston dau
& his eldest son Henry Clugston decid a lease
called Becks Lease which sd 3 leases so
demed was held by testater to? di Wm Stannus
& Arth Butler. which? testate by id will demd
to sd Josias Clugston his son his malt house wth
appts after death of his iix? + which he held by
a 4th Gave his Wallarts? + to his 2nd son James Clugston
1/- ihatestater Calt sd Granes to sd
demesis and survivor of the ihd appd Jane
his ex[ecutor] and ex[ecutr]ix who pr[oved] the will in D[ioce]s of
That Xphr Clugston the 3rd son died in lifetime
of testator without issue this share vested
in Det + in sd Josias + sd Alex Clugston the surv[ivin]g
devisees equally who were all living when
testator died. That James C the 2d son was
provided for by Centri? in Caletin? & went to &
setteld in some to pt of America which was the
reason? testate left 1/-. That testatot’s elder __
sn Henry Clugston died in lifetime of testator &
before the will was made & left issue Jane
the devisee & one son called George + a dau called
Elizabeth Clugston & which Geo and Elizabeth
Clugston were born deaf and dumb.
That Dets mother who was app[ointee]d ex[excutri]x
acted as such till she died in Nov 1740
+ Det appd? har adm (after her death) to her
sd father at dio Armagh
That after death of Dets mother Josias
Clugston dvled & took possn of not only
the malt house, but also under pretence of
being heir to his bro Xhher C (who d. intestate &
without issue in lifetime of his sd father)
took the pt dem[ise]ed to Xpher
That Josias beg so proud of his own device
+ also of Xpher’s + Ephraim Stannus quandam
of Wm Stannus (who was well acquanted
with terms of the will) applied & Josias trall?
hiediulsdi? Wm Stannus + R Rutler
purchase of sd leases named they lay
converent to his concerns
After much debate (considering Dets title
as co-heir + xhhu) Ephraim gave 200 guineas
to Josias when title by arts det 22 Nov 1749.
That Josias C was not legally entitled
to sell the plenes? & that? both Josias +
Ephraim Stannus prevailed? on Det
(who at the time was ignorant of what they
did) to sign her name to sd arts of
22 Jun 1749 as a consenting party.
That alex Clugston Dets brother never
consented other sete?
In June 1750 Josias C filed his hlt in
Drx? agst Epm Stannus charg tht th_?
father had not pd the 200 guineas although
Stannus retained the plenes? alleging that
Josias had not made good his oath
That Josias Clugston died without making
a will and s.p. & adm of adr? ap[pointed]d to Det out
of Dio Armgh
That James Clugston to whom 1/- was left
is also dead sp and without issue
That Alex Clugston De[fendan]ts bro[ther] is also died
intestate + unm[arried]
That Jane Clugston to whom testatir? dem[i]s[e]d
Becks Lease m[arried] 1stly Robert Corry + 2ndly Robert Manly
who is lately dead leaving Det sd Jane his widow + one dau
Dets that a lease was made by James Stannus (uncle to Delt Ephm )
1718 + air by Wm Stannus (qd fath + Delt)
in 1700 to one John Brown
That Det is the heiress to all the property except
Beck’s Clare which is now vested in sd Jane Manly
the grand dau
of testator & her dau ___ Manly
Nim? so it is Ephraim Stannus contry with
sa Jane Manly the wid of Robt Manly + with
George Clugston eldest s th of sd Henry Clugston who
was the eldest sn of testator Thos C.
writs qst sa ES, Jane Marly wid and Geo Clugston
3 Feb 1773.