The Cluxtons of Kildare

The Cluxton name seems to have arisen in County Kildare and County Louth, near Dublin.
It appears that all of the Cluxtons are descendants of James Clugston, Gentleman, of Kilcullen Bridge, County Kildare, who had a will probated in 1760
(Source: Public Record Office of Northen Ireland, Index to Perogative Wills, 1536-1816).
I was unsure if the Cluxtons were actually Clugstons, or Claxtons.
Worldwide, most Claxtons come from Claxton, Norfolk, England.
But research done by B. Kinane for his dissertation has proved that the Irish Claxtons and Cluxtons are actually Clugstons.

See also Claxton surname in Ireland.
See Cluxton and Claxton records for many of the primary source documents used on this page.

NOTE: most of this page is obsolete. I wrote it before I had seen the Crossle documents. Most of the speculation can now be replaced by known facts.

From a deed record, James Clugston was the son of James “Claxton or Clugston” formerly of Nass.
His grandchildren mostly used the “Cluxton” spelling. “Claxton” was also used.
James Cluxton of Kilcullen Bridge, Kildare, died around 1854. In the 1854 Griffith’s Survey, his wife’s surname was written as “Clugston”. He was the tax commissioner of Kildare, and owned a 50 pound freehold there. The freehold was granted on 3rd March 1749.

James Clugston, brother of Rev Josaias

If they are indeed Clugstons, then the first James could be the same James Clugston who was listed as a subscriber to “A system of moral philosophy”, Frances Hutcheson (1755). (https://archive.org/details/systemmoralphilo01hutc)
Frances Hutcheson, founding father of the Scottish Enlightenment, grew up in the town of Armagh, lived in Dublin in the 1720’s, and was professor of Philosphy at the University of Glasgow 1729-1746. All of the subscribers who were ministers are clearly marked, so this is probably not Rev James Clugston of Brandon, Cork, who was minister 1745-1780. But, Rev James was a subscriber to “The history of the general rebellion in Ireland 1641”, Sir John Temple and Sir Henry Tichborne, published 1766.

In contrast to the Clugstons, who were for the most part staunchly Presbyterian, many of the Cluxtons were Roman Catholic. In 1836 the tax commissioner and his son Bailey were described as “liberal Protestants”, and in 1842, Bailey married a Catholic. From what we know of his life, it appears that he had no religious convictions whatsoever.
The other Cluxton family in the 1901 census, also in Kilcullen, also had a Roman Catholic mother.

The Battle of Kilcullen Bridge

Inspired by the American Revolutionary War, the United Irishmen, comprising both Protestants and Catholics, sought to throw off English rule. The rebellion began on 24 May 1798. Rebels engaged with the army at 7am in the
Battle of Kilcullen. The rebels killed 30 cavalry and two government captains. An old woman stabbed Captain Erskine to death with a rusty knife. The government troops base was at Castlemartin, adjacent to James Clugston’s land (see below). Two hours later, the cavalry killed 150 rebels near the ford across the River Liffey. This is so close to the Clugston property that there would have been corpses on the farm. Many of the dead would have been people the Cluxtons knew.
This, together with subsequent atrocities (some rebels were burned alive in New Ross) goes a long way to explains the anti-Tory attitudes later expressed by the Cluxtons. I had not realized that the later Protestant-Catholic animosity in Ireland was, in part, a tactic by the English to suppress rebellion.
In the “1798 Claimants And Surrenders”, Bailey Claxton, Farmer of Kilcullen Bridge, made a claim for 190/9/6 for “House damaged, furniture, books”. He was granted 160/9/6.

The Wickedest Man in the World

It appears that everyone in Ireland with the surname “Claxton” or “Cluxton” is actually “Clugston”. One example is Frances, the second wife of Richard Parsons, known as “the wickedest man in the world”. According to Wikipedia she was a Claxton, but the marriage record gives her surname as “Cluxton”. Her sister Mary married Thomas Carter(1690-1763) ). In 1730 Thomas Carter leased Castlemartin in Kilcullen Bridge, Kildare, which he finally bought in 1761. This is immediately adjacent to the Clugston estate, purchased in 1749.

The family is:

Thomas Claxton = Lucy Pearce
    Mary Claxton = Thomas Carter ~1690-1763.9.3 MP m. 1719.10.12
        (Master of the Rolls in Ireland 1731-1754)
    Lucy Claxton = James Johnston bap 1655.9.9 – 3 May 1737.5.3 Secretary of State of Scotland 1692–96 m 1716 
    Frances Cluxton ??-1772.5.25 = Richard Parsons, Earl of Rosse d. 1741.6.21 m 1719
      =2 Viscount Robert Jocelyn 1688-1756.12.3 m 1754.11.15 Lord Chancellor of Ireland

Kilcullen Bridge was never very large. It is hard to believe that James Cluxton, Tax Commissioner, would be unrelated to his neighbour, Mary Claxton, whose husband was in charge of the Chancery records. I believe that the marriage record is correct, and they were actually Cluxtons. The Tithe Applotments only record 28 Claxtons, and almost all are in Queen’s County (now called County Laios).

Allegedly, Frances and Mary were joint heirs of Thomas Claxton; thus, he had no sons. So the family name was not propagated after their deaths. This also means that James Clugston was not Mary’s brother. At most, they could have been cousins.

We do know that Clugstons had been to Dublin, because
John Clugston, merchant of Belfast, wrote a petition to the Duke of Ormond from Dublin in 1667. Note that these marriages took place in 1719, and John Clugston was Sovereign of Belfast just seven years later. So the Clugstons were of the right social class to marry aristocrats.

Still, it is hard to believe a family of ministers would permit their daughter to marry such a blatantly immoral man.

Additionally, there are some early references to “Cluckston” in Dublin.

William Cluckston = Mary
    Sarah Cluckston 1670.2.10 St Michan, Dublin
    Elizabeth 1672.2.19 St Michan

Cluxton 1736.1.26 buried St John, Dublin

Margaret Clugston = Garrat Jacob m 1738.10.5 St Andrew, Dublin

?? Clugston -1809.8.29 of Georges St buried. St James, Dublin

Edwardi Clugston = Anverata
    Anna Joanna Clugston 1801 b. St Andrews, Dublin

Michael Clugston, merchant of Belfast, moved to Connecticut in the 1690’s. His children used the “Cluckstone” spelling. It is possible that Michael may have been born in Dublin.

In the 1766 Religious Census, Mrs Jane Cluxton was a Protestant in Carlingford Town, County Louth. Carlingford is on the coast north of Dublin, only about 5km away from County Down. There was a good road from Carlingford to Newry. She was the daughter of Thomas Clugston. Rev Josias Clugston of Larne was her brother.

In 1756, “County of Louth at a Commission of Array held at Carlingford in the lower half Barrony of Dundalk in and for the County of Louth aforesaid the 18th day of September 1756 by Virtue of his Majestys Commission of Array the Several undernamed Protestants of said Barrony took the Oaths apointed by the Instructions to the said Commission Annexed.”. The list of names includes Henry Cluxton. (http://www.jbhall.freeservers.com/1756_commission_of_array.htm)

In 1773, Henry Cluxton was deputy surveyor at Warrenspoint, which is halfway between Carlingford and Newry.
https://books.google.de/books?id=_s9OAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=cluxton

Richard Claxton was buried on 1843.10.13 at Kilbroney, Rostrevor, Down (Catholic burial). This is near Warrenspoint.

In the 1810 County Louth Spring Assizes, Joseph Cluxton was paid 2 pounds 18s 6d for destroying vermin, apparently at the gaol in County Louth.
(https://www.louthcoco.ie/en/Services/Archives/Online-Digital-Archives/GJ50C-GJ50N-Query-book-of-spring-summer-general-assizes-1810-1813.pdf)

In March 1776, John Rothwell married Clugston, widow, at Kells.
https://archive.org/stream/irishmarriagesbe02farr
The widow is clearly not Jane Clugston. The town of Kells is in County Meath, where no Clugstons are known, but there is also a village Kells in Antrim, near Ballymena, where there were many Clugstons.

Perogative Wills

(Source: Public Record Office of Ireland, Index to Perogative Wills, 1536-1816).
James Clugston, Kilcullen Bridge, Kildare Gent, 1760
George Claxton, Kilcullen Bridge, Kildare. Publican 1788. Intestate.
Baillie Cluxton, (no address given, potentially anywhere in Ireland), 1801
James Cluxton, Kilcullen Bridge, Kildare, perogative will lodged (not probated) in 1816-1818.
Samuel Cluxton, Kilcullen, Co Kildare, 1818.

Not only is “Cluxton” an extremely rare name, “Bailey” as a first name in Ireland in the 1901 Census was unique to this family. It is safe to assume that “Bailie Cluxton” who died 1801, is a direct ancestor.
The family is using traditional Scottish naming, where the firstborn son is named after the father. We would expect, since this is the clearly the line of heirs, that Bailie’s father would be named James.

Samel could potentially be a brother of the tax commissioner, or even his father (we may be missing a generation).

The Tithe aplottments give:
James Cluxton, Greenhills, Kilcullen, 1827, and Killashee, 1825.
Bailie Cluxton, Kilcullenbridge.
Michael Cluxton, Ardoyne, Fenagh, Carlow, 1825 and 1833.
William Cluseton, Carnalway, Kildare.

In Griffith’s Valuation (completed in Kildare in 1854), Bailey Cluxton’s wife Anne Kearney still had possession of the Cluxton estate.
“Anne Clugston” leased Kilcullen Main St 27 “Ruins and Garden” from J H Lewis, and leased 28 (rent 11 pounds) to Michael G Hanrahan.
In the townload of Castlemartin, her name is written as “Anne Clunton”, where she leased Castlemartin 4, (also Landlord J H Lewis), rent 41 pounds; she sub-leased three houses on it (a,b,c). She also owned the row of houses in Castlemartin 8, at the south-west corner of the town, which is Main Street, Kilcullen, from J H Lewis, and sublet 2-11.
For comparison, the grounds of Castlemartin were worth 269 pounds, and the castle itself 149 pounds.

The Heirs of James Clugston of Kilcullen Bridge

The will of James Clugston of Kilcullen Bridge, written on 1758.9.3 and proved in Feb 1760, had witnesses Math_s Welsh, John Crabtree, and Richd Poole. It does not mention any children. He was not sure if his brother Samuel was still alive. In 1758 James made a lease of Lurgan Liney, Co Down to Richard Poole. Witnesses were Robert Douglass Henry Claxton Ann Clugston of Kilcullen Bridge.
In 1758 Lurgan Liney, Co Down was in the posession of Margaret Claxton otherwise Johnston. James claimed it on her death as eldest son and heir of James Claxton. I presume this means his mother remarried.

James of Siggistown had bequeathed the lands of Deerpark, Portarlington, Queens Co to his second son Samuel. Samuel sold them in 1766. This is due west of Kilcullen.
Morristown is NE of Nass, not close to Kilcullen.

James Claxton of Sigginstown, Co Kildare
    James Clugston d 1759 of Killcullin Bridge buried Pollardstown
       = Benignes Meshea
    Samuel Claxton of Morristown, Kildare. 2nd son
    Bailie Clugston
    Catherine Clugston
    Margaret Clugston = ____ Graves
    Anne Clugston

We also know

    James Claxton, of Curragh of Kildare
        James Claxton d 1782.9 of fever
        Henry Claxton. Peruke (wig) maker of Kilcullen bridge
           = Judith Blackwood m 1759.5.31 (dau Simon Blackwood of Graige Queens Co)
        Ann Cluxton 
          = Lt Humphrey Gray b 1744 m 1766 Ross, Co. Waterford
           Basil Gray 1768.1.4 b Roscomroe, Kings Co.
             = Elizabeth Kelroe of Kilkenny 1770.11.28 m 1790.11.14
               Humphrey Cluxton Gray 1792-1817 b Banagher d Grenada Lt Royal York Rangers
               William Denis Gray 1793 died young
               Magdalene Annie Gray 1794 died young
               Basil Gray 1795 died young
               Denis Basil Gray 1796 midshipman RN, later an MD. died young
               Gertrude Gray 1799
               Anne Gray 1801
               Basil William Gray 1803 died young
               Eliza Gray 1804 died unmarried
               Basil William Gray 1805
               Magdalen Gray 1806 died unmarried
               French Gray 1808
               Jane Maqarel Catherine Gray 1810
               Amelia ("Emily") Gray 1812-1860 = John McCreery of Larella Hill Kilkenny
           Eliza Gray (died young)
           Margaret Gray 1770-1787
         (Humphrey Gray remarried Sarah French)

Thanks to Dr I. Broinowski for providing information on the family of Anne Cluxton and Humphrey Gray. Extensive details about the Gray family are preserved in a family notebook made in 1917. It states that “Humphrey Gray, b1744, Lt ___ Rgt Retired early m 1st Anne daughter of James Cluxton, Co Kildare, at Ross Co Waterford in 1766”.

The history of this family is an extraordinary fall from grace. James Cluxton was Tax Commissioner of County Kildare, and his signature appears on all of the Tithe Applotment records for County Kildare. He had a large freehold. But his son Bailey mismanaged the farm, killed a servant, and died in prison. The family fortune was lost. Bailey’s children ran a pawnbroker’s shop in Dublin.

James Cluxton born 1823 died 1877.10.19 54 Church St Dublin North. Probate granted 1878.5.18. By that time his wife, Dora Manseragh McKeon, was married to John McKeon, mechanical engineer, of Seville Place, Dublin.

James Clugston -1860 Gentleman of Kilcullen Bridge

  Bailie Cluxton -1801 Farmer of Kilcullen Bridge = Mary Jane Supple
    James Cluxton (-1855)  Tax commissioner of Kildare
      (lodged will in 1818, residence was Kilkullen Bridge, Kildare)
        Bailey Cluxton (1809-1851.2.16) = Anne Kearney (1809-1888) m 1842.3.30
          (In 1849.3.24 he was convicted for beating his servant to death, and sentenced to 10 years transportation, see below)
          (3 of their children died in infancy)
            James Cluxton 1842-1877 Gentleman
              = Dorothea Beard 1844-  m. 1868
                Maria Emilia Cluxton 1875.11.10 b Kilcullen         
            Bailey Cluxton 1846-1920.2.9
              = Bridget O'Neil 1845- m 1874 Naas 
                (In the marriage record, Bailey is "of Johnstown")
                (Bridget dau of Patrick and Mariella)
                (1901:"Claxton" Calverstown 5, Ballyshannon, Kildare)
                (14 kids, 13 living in 1911)
                (the dead child is Jane)
                James Cluxton 1877.2.10-1943 d. Dublin North
                Bailey Cluxton 1878-
                  = Bridget Theresa Whittle 1879- 1948 d. Baltinglass Carlow m 1910  shopkeeper, Dunlavin
                  (1 child, 0 living in 1911)
                  (one child 1910-1910)
                Catherine Agnes Cluxton 1881 m 1904 Baltinglass
                Marcella Cluxton 1881 m 1913 Baltinglass
                Mary Anne Cluxton 1883
                Eliza Cluxton 1884 (living with parents Bailey&Bridget in 1911) m 1912 Baltinglass
                Bridget Cluxton 1885
                Patrick Cluxton 1887  m 1914
                Jane Cluxton 1890-1890
                Florence Cluxton 1891 m 1928
                Samuel Cluxton 1893-1945.2.1 d Bronx, NY
                  = Josephine Condron 1898-
                    (Became a US Citizen in 1923)
                    (1940: Bronx, New York)
                Charles Cluxton 1893 - 1919 b Athay, Kildare d. Laois, Kildare
                Christina Cluxton 1897 b. Athy
                Thomas Henry Cluxton 1899 m 1920
            Katie Clugston 1849- = Frederick William Reimer m 1875.9.30 New York

        (may be a son of Bailey)
        George Cluxton 1852-1871 d. Abbeyleix, Queen's County, Ireland

In 1796, Ann Cluxton and Skiffington Haslam (or Haston) obtained a marriage license in the Diocese of Dublin.
https://archive.org/details/op1253263-1001
In 1796.12.20 a deed was made between Baillie Cluxton of the town of Kilcullen Bridge and Skiffington Haslam of the town of Maryborough in the Queens County Gent
Presumably she is daughter of Baillie and the brother of Tax Commisioner James.
Sheffington Haslam 1829-1843.9.19 buried Maryborough is surely a grandson.

Thank to S. Kane for discovering this will, which links the Cluxtons to the Danish West Indies Colony at St Croix (now the US Virgin Islands).
The 1806 will of James Supple, merchant of St Croix mentions his sister Mary Jane and her two sons. He states that if she dies before him, her son Samuel should get three-quarters of the estate, and her son James one quarter. “I make this difference on account of her son James having taken a tricky advantage of his Mother and besides I think Sam will be more deserving tho I hope James will do well. Mrs Mary Jane Cluxton lives at Kilcullen Bridge in Ireland.”
James Supple married Jane Callanan in St Croix on 1770.10.22. He “sailed in the Fanny trading ship from New York in August 1806 and is supposed to have been lost in the hurricane which happened in that month”. (https://books.google.de/books?id=_zRKAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA2278&lpg=PA2278).

The “tricky advantage” is clearly deed #362621 which records a lease made in 1802.7.25 between James Cluxton, son of Bailey Cluxton of Kilcullen Bridge deceased, and Mary Jane Cluxton, widow, where he leased her own house to her at peppercorn rent. Witnesses included Skiffington Haslam.
Bailey and Mary Ann’s other son Samuel is almost certainly Samuel Cluxton whose will was probated in 1818 at Kilcullen, Kildare. James Supple’s will shows that Bailey had no other sons.

Francis Cluxton born in Ireland in 1792 died in St Croix. He is probably the son of Samuel. (James’s only known son, Bailey, was born 18 years later).

“Francis Cluxton born on Ireland died (25) 20.11.1817 (Reg.Avis)”
“Dansk Vestindisk Avis St. Croix 1826 is called “Reg.Avis” in abbrev. and 1802/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/”
— “A list of the names of Inhabitants of the Danish Westindian Islands (The Virgin Islands) from 1650 – ca. 1825”, Hugo Ryberg, (1945).
http://www.dkconsulateusvi.com/inhabitants/inhabitants07052002.pdf

This is possibly a grandson of Samuel. Note that Bailey’s son James had a daughter born 1875, so is clearly a different person.
He may thus be a son of William Cluxton of Kilcullen.
Monasterivin is on the border between County Laios and Kildare, so he may be related to the Queen’s County Claxtons.

(Skirteen, Monasterevin Kildare)
James Cluxton (1841- ) = Maria Coffey (1837- ) m 1874.9.10 Athy widow, 3 kids, 2 living in 1911
  (Roman Catholic wedding)
  (Agricultural labourer, illiterate).
  (1901 says both born in Kildare, 1911 says Maria was born in Queens County.)
  (James was alive in 1901 but had died by 1911).
    Esther Cluxton 1877.7.29- b Monasterevin, Kildare = Patrick Fitzpatrick 1873- m 1899
    Mary Anne Cluxton 1875.5.13-1877 b Cill Dara d. Athy
    James Cluxton 1879.1.3-1943 Convicted 1918. b Kildare Laois (Queen's)

These are probably daughters of the tax commisioner.

James Cluxton
    Fanny Cluxton  = Thomas Ellery m 1854 St James Dublin

James Cluxton
    Jane Cluxton = Hugh McKiernan  m 1850.7.28 St Mary, Dublin
      (1860: 52 Watling St, Dublin)
      Thomas McKiernan 1853.12.19
      Hugh McKernan 1860.8.3

James Cluxton
    Anne Cluxton
      =1 ? Larkin
      =2 Thomas le Burn m. 1872.3.20 St Audoen, Dublin

(Probably daughter of James = Dorothea Beard)
Jacobi Cluxton
    Elizabeth Cluxton 1873- b. Kildare =  Mauritius McNally b. Dublin 1865- m 1890.9.2 St Agatha, Dublin
        (1890: Elizabeth was living at 46 Portland Row)
        (1901: 31 Richmond Place, Mountjoy, Dublin)
        James Valentine McNally

John Cluxton = Eliza
    (1874:living at 34 Patrick St, Dublin)
    Alicia Cluxton = William Duffy m 1874.8.9 St Nicholas (William son of John Duffy & Mary)

Ellen Cluxton = John Mooney m 1840.2.24 St Michael & John

Maria Cluxton  = Patrick Mooney
  Catharina 1835 Dublin Saggart

“On the night of the 16th instant, a party went to the house of another woman, who lives in the parish of Carrough, and took from her a gun. They proceeded from her house to Ballyvollan, where they broke into the house of a man named Cluxton, from whom they demanded his fire-arms, but did not obtain any.” — Saunder’s newsletter, 24 Dec 1821. (This was in the Barony of Clane, Kildare, northwest of Naas).

Cluxtons in Canada

William Cluxton was orphaned age 12, moved to Canada with his uncle, and was elected to the Canadian Parliament as a conservative.
His father George is the same age as Francis Cluxton of the West Indies, so he could be a descendant of the Kildare Cluxtons. Alternatively he could be descended from the Cluxtons of Newry.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cluxton

George Cluxton 1795-1825 = ?? -1830 b Ireland = ?? b Ireland
    William Cluxton 1818.3.31-1901.2.16 b Dundalk, County Louth d. Peterborough Ontario. Merchant 1891: Produce merchant
      = Mary Ann Payne 1823-1879.10.31 b England
        (Orphan. Emmigrated to Ontario in 1832 with his uncle)
        (1861: Peterborough, Ontario.)
        (1871: Peterborough, Ontario. Wesleyan Methodist)
        (1891: Peterborough, Ontario. Methodist. Annie was Church of England )        
        William Henry Cluxton 1840-1927 b Ontario
           = Mary 1839-
            (1871: Peterborough, Ontario)
            (1910: Peterborough, Ontario)
        Jane Cluxton 1842- b Ontario
        Ellen E Cluxton 1844-
        George Cluxton 1846- b Ontario. Merchant. 1881: Sawmill Owner
         = Mary Eliza ("Minnie") Cottingham 1855- m 1872.2.8
            (1881: Somerville, Victoria North, Ontario)
            William Harold Cluxton 1872.12.25-1964.1.7
            Albert Cluxton 1875-
            Lawrence George Cluxton 1874.2.20 -1959.7.20
            Herbert C Cluxton b Canada =2 Alberta C L Davis 1889- m 1912.12.25 Boston
            Royal Cluxton 1878.12.1 = Gertrude Rease 1879- m 1917.7.12 Genesee, NY, USA
                (moved to Montreal in 1928)
            Charles Cluxton 1880-
        Frederick C Cluxton 1850- b Ontario
        Alfred R Cluxton 1851- b Ontario
        Ada Henrietta Cluxton 1854- b Ontario
        Sidney A Cluxton (male) 1856- b Ontario
        Annie E Cluxton 1858- b Ontario (in 1871 and 1891, not present in 1861)
        Henrietta Cluxton 1859- b Ontario (in 1861, not present in 1871)
        Clara Cluxton 1860- b Ontario (in 1871, not present in 1861)

Emma Cluxton 1869-1870.9 d. Peterborough, Ontario died of spinal diseases

Moved to Ontario after a brief time in England.

Ann Cluxton 1822-1907.9.12 b Ireland
  = Abraham Ball 1815- of County Louth Shoemaker 
    m 1844.7.3 Tallanstown, County Louth (Roman Catholic wedding)
    (1881: Peterborough, Peterborough West, Ontario, Canada)
    Abraham Ball 1850.5.29-1929.12.27 b England d Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
    George Ball 1854- = Margaret McFadden 1863- m 1889.10.29 Peterborough, Ontario
    William Ball 1857- = Elizabeth Sullivan 1860- m 1881.8.14 Peterborough, Ontario
    Maria Anna Ball 1862.8.3 b. St. Marys, Sunderland, Durham, England

Allegedly (http://news.rootsweb.com/th/read/GENIRE/2004-07/1090326291)

Jane Cluxton b County Louth = Charles Coulter -1832
  (emmigrated to Peterborough, Ontario about 1830)

Richard Cluxton married Eliza Newett in 1842 (Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Marriage Licence Bonds, Armagh). The Church of Ireland Diocese of Armagh covers County Armagh, Tyrone, and County Louth.
They moved to Canada, and then to New Jersey.
I think it is very likely that Richard is a brother of Ann.

Richard Cluxton 1817-1866.11.28 b Ireland d Trenton, Mersey, NJ
  =(1) Eliza Newett 1820- b Ireland m 1842 County Armagh, Tyrone or Louth
    Ann Cluxton 1843 b Canada
    William Cluxton b 1847 Canada
    Robert Cluxton b 1850 New Jersey
  =(2) Mary Kearney 1828.4-1904.5.16 b Ireland
   Margaret Cluxton 1854- b New Jersey
     = Robert J Wood m 1876.1.2, NJ
   Mary J Cluxton 1859- b New Jersey
      = Frank H Higgins 1858- m 1877.10.6 Burlington New Jersey
   Edward M Cluxton 1860.9 - 1928 b New Jersey
   George Cluxton 1865.1 b New Jersey

Cluxtons in Ohio

John Cluxton, born 1791 in Ireland, moved to Ohio (possibly he is the John Clugston who arrived in Philadelphia in 1819) and married Nancy Page, the daughter of a Methodist minister. He is the anscestor of most of the Cluxtons in the USA. The family kept documents, which state that John was the fourth child of Robert Cluxton. The first three children remained in Ireland. The fifth child, Rebecca (“Betsy”) Cluxton also moved to the US.

A group of Cluxtons born in Ireland in the 1820’s moved to Ohio in 1850. In the 1920 census their children state that the parents were born in Ireland North, but I think they probably came from north-west of Dublin.

Unattached but may belong to this branch

But some of the people are probably Claxtons.

Arthur Claxton = Eleanor Dunny  (Catholic baptisms)
    George Claxton 1784.10.3 bap Kilcullen
    Marcus Claxton 1786.11.8 bap Kilcullen
    Elizabeth Claxton 1788.11.19 bap Kilcullen
    John Claxton 1790.8.15 bap Kilcullen = Judy Tobin, m. 1815.11.28 Kilcullen.
    Arthur Claxton 1792.11.28-  bap Kilcullen
Martha Claxton = James Quin m 1787.__.31 Kilcullen 
    (Marriage Witnesses: Jacobo Hackett, Thoma Dunny, Maria Dunny).
George Claxton = Catherine Murphy
    Thomas Claxton 1858.1.27 bap 1858.2.7 Kilcullen (Catholic)
    Catherine Claxton 1861.5.31 Kilcullen (Catholic)
    Mary Claxton bap 1865.12 Kilcullen (Catholic)

(Catholic)
On 1834.1.10, (smudged)ar Cluxton married Mary Shelan. witnesses Paul & Eliza Dulan. Clonard.

John Claxton = Anne
    Arthur Claxton 1812.12.22
Jane Cluckston = John Kilbride
    Patrick Kilbride 1861- bap Condalkin, Dublin

Subconstable Robert Clugston appears in the Petty Sessions Court Registers for Limerick in 1852, 1853, and 1854. He was part of the Ballinacarriga Police Academy, and was a witness on three different occassions against farmer Thomas Staff of Ballincarriga (1852) two pigs wandering on the public road (1853) horse wandering the public road (1854) Two pigs on the public road. He was also a witness against Michael Staff in 1852 for (guess what?) two pigs on the public road. In 1853 he was a witness against a labourer for “Breach of the Sabbath by digging and trenching potatoes”.

Ann Jane Clugston 1857.4.27 bap St Andrews, Dublin city

James Cluxton 1823-1877 d. Dublin North

Elizabeth Cluxton = ?? m Carlow
Michael Cluxton 1859-1883 d. Carlow
Kate Cluxton d. 1881 Athy
James Cluxton 1823- 1877 d. Dublin North

Probably a Claxton.
George Cluxton 1852-1872 d. Abbeyleix, County Laios

Jane Cluxton = { 4 possibilities} m 1850 Dublin North

Sarah Clugston = { William Steacy, Hugh Hillis, David Morrin, Sylvester Cairns } m 1872 Dublin North

(This could be Hugh 1837- = Sarah Hillis 1845-, 7.1 Dufferin Ave, Merchant’s Quay, Dublin)

Michael Clugston = { Mary Henry, Mary Brady, Bridget Glesson, Margaret Boyle} m 1918 Q2 Dublin North

Barth Cluxton = Mary Foran
    Mary Cluxton 1828.6.6 b Balyna, Kildare

(Balyna is near Johnstown Bridge, where Bailey Cluxton was living when he was married in 1842).

Mary Clugston = { Joseph Geary, Michael Mangan, Donald Chisolm } m 1863 Dublin North

(this is north of Dublin)
George Cluxton = Jane Lousia James m 1877 Balrothery

May be related to George Cluxton, publican, who died 50 years earlier

George Claxton 1853 b Co Westmeath. Publican
   = Louisa ___ 1853 b Dublin City m1878.
    (Irish church)
    (1901: 26 Inarayke St, Athlone Town, Westmeath)
    (1911: 19 Mardyke St, Athlone East Urban, Westmeath. 2 children, 1 living)
    George Henry Claxton 1886- b Co Westmeath. Died by 1911
    Richard J A Claxton 1890 b Co Westmeath

A respectably-dressed woman, named Sarah Cluxton, summoned the Messrs Rigby, of Suffolk-Street, for having taken forcible possession of a house in North King Street, of which she was caretaker. The complainant stated that she was put in as caretaker of the house three years ago by Mr Finn.–Dublin Monitor, 18 October 1843, p2

James and Bayly Cluxton

There was an incident involving the Cluxtons in 1836, which was extensively reported in Irish newspapers. At the same time that Clugstons in County Down were major participants in Orange parades, the Cluxtons fought against Orangemen.

The first complainants were two policemen, who charged two very respectable men and their servant-woman with an assault. The traversers were James Cluxton and Bayly Cluxton, father and son, and Rose Brown, their serving maid. The Cluxtons are Liberal Protestants residing in the town of Kilcullen, and are fifty pound freeholders of county Kildare, and have made themselves remarkable subscribing to the Justice Rent.
“Dublin Morning Register”, 21 October 1836

“The Jury acquitted the Cluxtons, and found the two policemen guilty. The Barrister did not pass sentence but they were forthwith committed to prison.”

The fact that their maidservant is mentioned, suggests that Bailey’s mother had died by this time. In Bailey’s later trial, it was mentioned that he had been convicted of manslaughter around 1835-1836. That seems to be a confused reference to this event.

Trial of Bailey Cluxton

Thanks to B Kinane for this information. Bailey was sentenced to transportation but he died of tuberculosis in prison at Naas Gaol, two years after sentencing. Transportation to Tasmania ended in 1853, and Western Australia was the only other place still accepting convicts in 1850. His son James Cluxton buried him in a graveyard at Pollardstown, near the Curragh, giving his death as 16 February 1851.
Bailey was 5 foot 10 1/4 tall, had blue eyes, brown hair, and a pale complexion.

MANSLAUGHTER-TRANSPORTATION. Bayley Cluxton, a respectable looking farmer, from near Kilcullen, was indicted for the manslaughter of his servant man, John Jones, on the 10th of March, at Kilcullen, by striking him divers blows with a stick, and giving him mortal bruises of which he languished until the 15th instant, when he died. There were three witnesses examined for the prosecution. The substance of their evidence was that on the evening of the 10th instant the prisoner was drinking at the public house of Isaac Scott, at Killcullen. John Jones, his servant-man, brought an ass and dray for him; asked him to go home, when he gave no answer, being subsequently informed that if Jones went home leaving the car behind him at the public-house door. The prisoner swore he would kill him. Afterwards Cluxton got into the car and drove homeward vociferating in a most uproarious manner. When he came to the house of a man named Stanley, at Sunnyhill, he drove into the yard shouting out for Stanley. The wife came out stating her husband was from home. At this juncture, John Jones walked in after his master and stood at the rear of the car. On perceiving him, Cluxton called him a robber; then getting out of the car, he took up one of the side rails and gave him a blow of it. Jones ran for refuge to Stanley’s house; but the lower half of the door being shut he could not obtain shelter sufficiently soon to escape the vengeance of his furious and brutal master.
Being baffled in the attempt, he faced around to run in a different direction; but he was met face to face by Cluxton, who had the stick uplifted in both his hands, Jones bowed his head to save it from the descending blow, and received it on the lower part of his neck and shoulders; he desired his master be easy, and then left the Yard; Cluxton resumed his seat on the car and drove along the road homeward, yelling and shouting out that he was a whole man and that he would kill every one he met; Jones went home, and being sick he went to bed; he took a small portion of porridge on that Saturday night, but did not use any food afterwards; he died on the ensuing Wednesday. Dr. Frederick Faulkner made a post mortem examination on the body of John Jones. He found bruises on the loins and the lower part of the neck; he found the chest generally diseased; one of the lungs was particularly inflamed; he considered the latter to be the immediate cause of the death; in his opinion, the inflammation of the lung was superinduced by the blows of which the bruises were the effect; there was no abrasion of the skin; but there was a light discoloration in the parts where the blows were inflicted ; the blows affected the system generally, which was debilitated; the right lung being the weakest portion inflammation set in. He considered the deceased might have lived long though labouring under a chronic disease of the chest if the inflammation of the lung had not set in. It was his opinion that the inflammation had been superinduced by the beating. When the prisoner was arrested at Newbridge he said Jones had a right to be killed 20 years ago; and he was sorry he did not do it himself then. Mr. Hayes addressed the jury for the defence, arguing that the inflammation was not the result of the blows but from the general debility of his system. The jury after about fifteen minutes absence, brought in a verdict of guilty of manslaughter with a recommendation to mercy. His lordship said he could not entertain the recommendation; the prisoner had been convicted of manslaughter 13 or 14 years before. If the jury could make out a case of mitigation for the prisoner they might forward it to the proper quarter for consideration. The prisoner here addressed the judge in a long rambling speech, about his innocence of the charge of which he had been found guilty, and of his great charity for the last 20 years toward the deceased and his family. It is fortunate for you that you were not indicted for murder. Your sentence is, that you be transported for ten years. An ejectment and an order for immediate possession were granted by Lord Chief Justice Blackburne on Tuesday against the prisoner. He owed nearly 400. rent and arrears.
“Freeman’s Journal”, 24 March 1849

Bankruptcy of the Cluxton Estate

FRIDAY the 21st of April, 1870, At the hour of Twelve Noon, All the Estate and Interest of the Bankrupt, his Assignees, and Mortgages in and to the Lands and Premises comprised In and demised by an Indenture of Lease for three lives, renewable for ever, dated 3rd March 1749, and in the last renewal thereof described as “All that and those the Slate House and Garden, with two small Cabins, lying between John Moore, Thomas Maher, and James Meyler, deceased, their holdings, formerly held by William Owens, and, now In the possession of the said Baille Cluxton (the Lessee), situate in the Town of Kilcullen Bridge, in the Barony of Kilcullen, and County of Kildare; together with the Town and Lands called Newtown containing by estimation 27a. ?s. 8p., also situate in the Barony of Killcullen and County of Kildare; together with liberty to the said Ballie Cluxton of cutting Turf on the old Bog of Kilcullen, to be used on the premises only; subject to the annual rent of £21, and a renewal in on the fall of each life of £10 4s 4d. A Statement of Title and Conditions of Sale and Rental are lodged in the Oince of the Court, and may he seen also In the Office of the undernamed Solicitor having carriage of the Sale. Dated this 25th day of March, 1876. THOMAS FAURELL, Chief Clerk. DESCRIPTIVE PARTICULARS. The Premises to be sold consist of a Farm of Land In the Townland of Newtown, containing about 27 acres, Irish plantation measure, at present In his possession. There is a substantal and commodious dwelling house and good offices on the Lands, all in a fair state of repair, with a yard and garden in the care of said house and offices. The Land is extremely good and suitable for pasture or agriculture, and Its advantageous position greatly enhances Its value. It may be said to be within the market town of Kilcullen Bridge, County Kildare, and is surrounded by the county road on three sides. It is only distant a mile and a half from the Carragh Camp and ?? miles from Newbridge both excellent markets for forage and provisions. The remainder of the premises consists of a row of houses on the margin of the said Lands of Newtown, and let to weekly and yearly tenants at present producing a gross yearly rent of £4; also a substantial businesshouse in the town of Kilcullen, at present let to a tenant for a long term, at £10 per annum. Proposals for purchase by Private Contract will be received by the Official Assignee up to the hour of twelve o’clock noon on the 15th day of April, 1876. If an offer be made which ran to recommended by the Vendors it will be submitted to the Court for approval without further notice. For further information apply to CHARLES R. JAMRES, Official Assignee 20 Merchants quay, Dublin; BROWN and HENRY Solicitors for Mortage having carriage of the Sale, No. 211 Bachelors-Walk Dublin, where may be seen Statement of Title Conditions of Sale, and Rental; WV. 0. WHITE, Solicitor, No. 15 Upper Ormond quay, Dublin.
“Freeman’s Journal”, 11 April 1876

On Thursday in the court of Judge Harrison, the case of Cluxton, Kilcullen-bridge, County Kildare, upon a question that raised rather peculiar. It appeared that the bankrupt was a farmer. In course of the proceedings order was made his farm under a charge for the sum of £4,200. Parties claiming heirs-at-law the bankrupt father have applied the court not allow the purchase to [be] completed [on] the ground that he (the bankrupt’s father) was not legally married. The court is now investigating the matter. The bankrupt’s Bailey Cluxton; his mother’s name was Anne Kearney, and their marriage is alleged to have been solemnised at Cullens wood in 1842, by the “Rev. James Maguire,” a Protestant clergyman, described as a “couple beggar”. The predecessor of the Rev. Mr. Maguire at Cullenswood was the Rev. Mr. Schultz, a German minister. The business book of the two clergymen named, [as] well of others who similarly officiated, have come into the possession Mr. Samuels, solicitor and proctor, and that gentleman Thursday produced one the book – which contains entry of a marriage in this form “Bailey Cluxton, Farmer. Killcullen. 30th March, 1842 Anne Kearney, Witnesses — James Mason, Judith Mason.” The book in which the story appears purports contain records marriages the “Rev. James Maguire,” and the bankrupt and the purchasers of his farm contend the entry genuine: that proves the marriage the bankrupt’s parents; that the “Rev. James Maguire” was a regularly ordained clergyman the Church of England, and A. of TC.D. Consequently it is submitted that the bankrupt’s title to the farm derived under his father valid. The persons claiming to be heirs-at-law of Bailey Cluxton are understood [to] dispute the authenticity of the entry, and to raise questions to whether the Rev. James Maguire was an ordained clergyman. It stated that part of an alleged certificate of the marriage, in the handwriting of the rev. gentleman shows that he certified that the parties “was,” not “were,” married, and that he signed himself “Rev. James Maguire, A.k, T.C.D.” Mr. H. Plunkett, instructed Mr. V. Duff, attended for the heir-at-law the bankruptcy and others. Mr. G. Perry, instructed Messrs. Browne and Henry, appeared for the chargcand? the farm. Mr, Rynd, instructed by Mr. James Goff, attended for the purchaser. Mr. White, solicitor, appeared for Mrs. Anne Cluxton, His Lordship, in the course of the hearing, expressed his determination to adopt ulterior measures towards any of the parties in the case who swore to a particular state of facts which did not exist. If clear perjury was committed, would certainly have the matter disposed of another court. The case was adjourned a future day.
“Cork Constitution”, 26 August 1876

Another news report states “The case came before the court on an application by a person of the name of Walker” and “The bankrupt had become entitled the property eldest son and heir-at-law of Bailey Cluxton, deceased, and had been in possession for great number of years. It was alleged, however, that there had been no legal marriage between the father and mother of the bankrupt. It appeared that Bailey Cluxton, his father, Protestant, and his mother. Anne Kearney, Roman Catholic.”
The court documents for this case still exist, and probably provide further information (at least, they should state who Walker is).

It looks as though this same Walker had challenged another Kearney marriage the previous year! I guess that James Kearney was the brother of Mary Kearney, and Walker was their brother-in-law. I presume that the couple-beggar records, which the judge took to preserve, were lost in the fire in the public record office in 1922. The Cluxton record is almost the only one which survived.

On the other hand, in the case of Cluxton, a bankrupt, 1875, Judge
Harrison was so struck with the enormous importance of the registers of these couple-beggars, “containing records which affected the legitimacy and rights of property of so many persons,” that in 1877 he recommended that they should be obtained by Government. He also wrote : — “ Evidence was taken before me in the course of the proceedings to establish the fact that this marriage was celebrated by a clergyman named ‘Maguire,’ who was an ordained clergyman of the Church of England and Ireland, and who celebrated marriages clandestinely in Dublin for several years before the passing of the Marriage Act of 1844, and this being established to my satisfaction, I decided that the marriage was a valid marriage, and that the Bankrupt was legitimate.” In the year 1875, Lord Chancellor Ball
wrote: — “There is no doubt that in these books may be found the only record of marriages, which, though irregular (not being either by banns or licence), were legally valid and binding, and the offspring legitimate. I have known Mr. Schulz’ book used in proceedings in which questions of this kind arose — and these are exactly similar and of equal value.” In the case of “Kearney v. Walker,” which was tried in the Probate and Matrimonial Court, London, in the year 1874, where it was sought to recall letters of administration of the estate of James Kearney, the case turned upon the validity of the marriage of James Kearney to Julia Farrell
by the Reverend Mr. Baggs, a clergyman in holy orders, who was termed acouple-beggar, at his house in Straw Market, Dublin, on the 11th August, 1834.
“Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records and of the Keeper of the State Papers in Ireland.”, volume 10. https://archive.org/details/reportofdeputyke1018dubl

Gravestone of Bailey Cluxton

The family gravestone is in Pollardtown, Kildare.

“Erected by JAMES CLUXTON in memory of his beloved father BAILEY CLUXTON who died 18th February 1851 aged 42 years. And his 3 infant children. Also the above named JAMES CLUXTON who died 10th October 1877 aged 35 years.
He is not dead but sleepeth. St Mark V 39
BAILEY CLUXTON Calverstown who died on the 9th Feb 1920 aged 74 years also his son CHARLES who died on ?2 Oct 1918? aged 24”

Other News Reports

James and Henry Claxton of Kildare

The Curragh of Kildare is less than 5km from the Cluxton estate at Kilkullen. Henry offered a reward of 24 pounds, so he was very wealthy.

James Clugston of Kilcullen Bridge
    Bailey Cluxton
        James Cluxton, Tax Commissioner
    James Claxton, of Curragh of Kildare
        James Claxton d 1782.9
        Henry Claxton
    Arthur Claxton = Eleanor Dunny
    Martha Claxton = James Quin m 1787.__.31 Kilcullen

TWENTY GUINEAS REWARD. WHEREAS it has been maliciously propagated that Henry Claxton, Son to James Claxton who live on the Curragh of Kildare, near the Sand house, did in the last September Meeting murder late Brother James Claxton, of said Place, by kicking and beating him till he expired : Now in vindication of Character against so wicked a falsehood, and it being well known in that Neighbourhood that my Brother died of a malignant Fever, the underneath Certificates will appear, from a Physician of emmminence and a reputable Apothecary, both resident in the town of Kildare, will pay the Sum of Twenty Guineas to any Person who will in six Months from this Date give information against the Persons who were guilty of fabricating the said Report. Given in Hand this 13th October, 1782, HENRY CLAXTON.
A REPORT having prevailed that Mr. James Claxton died in Consequence of Beating, I, as attendant Physician, hereby certify that the same is totally false and without Foundation. MAU. KELLY, M-D. Kildare, Oct. 16.
I Do believe that James Claxton died of Fever, not of Beating, as falsely reported . E. HETHERINGTON, Apothecary, Kildare.
“Saunders’s News-Letter”, 24 October 1782

Monday last ended the assizes for the County of Kildare, held at Athy … Patrick Kavanagh was tried for the murder of Owen Kilfoyle, and James Claxton, for the murder of Bridget Conner, and both acquitted. – “Saunders’s News-Letter”, 4 October 1773

George Cluxton of Kildare

On 1839.6.23, George Cluxton was one of the signatories to a petition which began:

WE, the Undersigned, having prepared the following Requisition to the High Sheriff of Kildare, and having since ascertained that he is absent from the kingdom, request a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the County Kildare, at the Court-house NAAS, on SATURDAY, INST, at Twelve o’Clock, for the purpose stated in said Requisition: Walter Burgh, High Sheriff of the County of Kildare.
Sir — We, the undersigned, request you to your Bailiwick, on early day as may suit your convenience, for the purpose of addressing the Queen, on the subject
of the late changes in her Majesty’s Councils. Dated this 13th June, 1839, Clements P Pat O’Berne, … J A Doran George Cluxton Daniel Brennan …
“Dublin Monitor”, 20 June 1839

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83 thoughts on “The Cluxtons of Kildare

  1. Thank you. This is the best information I have found about the Cluxton’s online. I am trying to find out when John Spottiswoode and Elizabeth(nee Cluxton) emigrated to Ireland from Scotland. It is interesting that there is a connection with the Kearney family. The names Hugh and Keane both feature down the South Australian families.

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  2. Thanks! This Cluxton/Spottiswoode connection is very interesting. From a quick search, Spottiswoode seems be an even rarer surname than Clugston, and you have Alexander Spotswood, Lieutenant General of Virginia in 1710, the original tobacco tycoon, at the same time that the Clugstons were at their most prominent in Belfast. I presume you are confident that this couple didn’t come from the USA?

    How do you know that Elizabeth was a Cluxton? If so she pretty much has to be closely related to James Clugston of Kildare (granddaughter?), I think. The Robert Clugston family in Tullyvallen, Armagh was also using the Cluxton spelling until about 1870, and they were close to Newry, but I think they were too poor.

    And how much do you know about the date? Sounds as though Elizabeth must have been born before 1800? Any Clugston or Cluxton reference before 1820 is very valuable, because they are so rare.

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  3. Oops, I used the wrong spelling for John, he used Spotswood.
    This research is from my cousin Ainslie Sharpe please credit her if you use it.

    Their children were as follows:

    Hugh Spotswood Died 1828 drowned at sea on the Green Hiou from America

    Sarah born about 1814 died 17 May 1849 in Nailsworth Adelaide

    Richard Keane Spotswood b. 11Dec 1818 in Clonallan, Down, Ireland d. 1 Jul 1903 in Crafters South Australia

    ‘Richard Spotswood was reputedly born in Scotland and then taken to Ireland by an Aunt who brought him up.

    This story, however, might well refer to his grandparents who, according to R.K. Spotswood’s obituary, migrated from Scotland to Ireland. Some papers held by a great-grandson show that Richard’s birth was registered in the Parish of Chlonatan (sic), (should be Clonallan) two or three miles from Warren Point, County Down, Ireland. His parents were John and Elizabeth (nee Cluxton) Spotswood.

    An immigration application No. 6154 is shown for Richard K. Spotswood, but no embarkation number is shown. The address shwon at this time was 14 King Street, Newry; aged 23 years; occupation carpenter. There is also another application No. 6785, with a Margaret Spotswood Np. 6784, again with no embarkation number. Margaret’s occupation was given as “Sempstress” and their address as Newry.

    From Maggie Ragless’ research in papers from “Spottiswood”, Mt Lofty, South Australia, 1977, RKS states: “Parents: John Spotwood and Elizabeth Cluxton; Grandparent: George Spotswood; Own Uncle George Spotswood died in the Battle of Waterloo 1815; Own Brother Hugh Spotswood drowned while returning from America in the Vessel “Green Hiou” 1828; Own sister, Sarah Spotswood married James Wilson of Newry Ireland afterwards of R.G.S.”

    Maggie had no idea what R.G.S. meant but it probably stands for Royal Geographical Society or Royal Geological Society. James was involved with both.

    James Wilson was my GG Grandfather.

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  4. In the 1800s my family were devout protestants so I guess that rules out a connection with Elizabeth Claxton 1788.11.19 bap Kilcullen??

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  5. Thanks, that’s very helpful information. The location at Warrenpoint is very interesting, because although it is in Northern Ireland, it’s only a 15 minute ferry ride to County Louth. If the Cluxtons of New Jersey came from this region they could be both from Northen Ireland (as they claim) yet still be related to the Cluxtons of Kildare. In 1865 there were several Clugstons (mostly fishermen) living just a little further up the coast. I don’t know if they came from Louth, from central County Down, or from the Isle of Man. But Elizabeth was born before Clugstons moved to the Isle of Man, so it nicely rules out that possibility.

    Quite likely to be related is John Cluxton born Ireland 1791, who moved to Adams, Ohio, where he married the daughter of a Methodist minister. So he’s from a strongly protestant family. There is also Robert Cluxton of Tullyvallen, County Armagh, whose children were born 1810-1825. His son was a secessionist Presbyterian minister. They changed their surname to “Clugston” around 1850.

    My theory that all Cluxtons are descended from James Clugston of Kilcullen is not correct. There are Cluxtons in the USA who are descendants of Michael Clugston, merchant of Belfast, born a decade earlier. They became Cluxtons after a few decades of being “Cluckstone” which is the same spelling used in Dublin in the 1680’s. I am starting to think, that after England raised trade barriers against Ireland around 1700, their lucrative merchant business was destroyed, so the heirs moved to Dublin seeking new opportunities.

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  6. I love hunting down clues. The Spottiswoods were educated people who came from a powerful old family. The Wilsons may have been Covenanters. The Robert Cluxton from Killeagh was charged with Treason by The Earl of Stafford in 1641 and many Ulster Scots women and children were imprisoned under very harsh conditions. Wentworth murdered many of their husbands. If I had merchant connections with access to ships, id be out of there really fast!
    My family lines have all been from the upper skilled end of the scale, comfortably off though as far as I know, not truly wealthy. John Spottiswoode may have a familial connection to the Bishop’s son but I haven’t tracked down anything concrete yet.

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  7. When you said they may have started with the Tax Commissioner I thought the connection could be through Newry. There was a Wilson there who was a customs agent. Newry was a burgeoning trade centre. The Wilsons were scholars and explorers. Perhaps they had started in Scotland as sea captains in Galloway and then through the generations moved more into the administrative side. My GGGrand father continued exploring all of his life. Since the merchants only liked to marry other merchant families it could explain that link. The Spottiswood /Cluxton relationship may have had something to do with religion. Were any of the Cluxtons of the Covenanter persuasion?

    Elizabeth and John appear to have settled in Newry. I wish I could find a record of their marriage but I am beginning to think they married in the US. What do you think?

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    • > Were any of the Cluxtons of the Covenanter persuasion?

      Well, some of the Clugstons mosr definitely were. William Clugston married Mary Stavely, daughter of William Stavely, “The Apostle of the Covenanters”. I don’t know anything further about William Clugston, but I presume his family grew up near to that family. I think that would place him in Antrim.
      The irreligious Cluxtons of Kildare are really an anomaly, almost all of the Clugstons were staunch Protestants and there were a large number of ministers and parish clerks among them.

      I do think it’s possible that Elizabeth and John could have married abroad, given the merchant and seafaring nature of the families, but normally I think you would marry near the bride’s parents. But of course we still don’t know where that was!
      You probably didn’t have much choice of spouse, if you restricted yourself to merchant families with the same denomination (and there are so many flavours of Presbyterianism!)

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      • Have you heard of the Ballicore Circle of intellectuals? I keep finding links to this. They were anti slavery/pro Catholic emancipation. Several alumni of the school set up by Lord Shackleton there were United Irishmen and included statesman Edmund Burke. The ‘irreligious’ Cluxtons may have simply been sympathetic to the United Irishmen’s cause, ie non sectarian.

        I think the Stewart’s and Peizly families may have been connected. Capt John Spotswood first wife was Ann Pasley and his second was Alicia Stewart.

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  8. I am still reading about Spotswood’s role in the Church in Ireland. https://books.google.co.nz/books?id=9RkoAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA473&lpg=PA473&dq=spotswood+seceders&source=bl&ots=FWejwtu0wt&sig=mPr9REbYVR1tguBbDgQQKYcNuJc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi6vqHP9LrRAhVEo5QKHWqcDi8Q6AEIIDAC#v=onepage&q=spotswood%20seceders&f=false
    On the face of it Bishop Spotswood is a Prelate but his theology is still basically the same as the seceders. Being so embedded in the establishment he had little choice but to go with the flow. I think his sympathies were with the seceders. It makes sense to work from within the system where he could have more influence.

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  9. Until you mentioned Governor Spotswood I had ignored that whole branch because they were in Virginia. Had a chuckle on reading that Robert Spottiswood sent Maynard’s expedition to kill Blackbeard the pirate, arrrgh!

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  10. Further progress: I am now almost certain that James Clugston of Kildare was the brother of Rev Josias Clugston of Larne. Your Elizabeth could very well be an older sister of John Cluxton 1791-1854. A family tree online claims that he came from County Down. Their father was Robert Cluxton.
    From the distribution map of the Spotswoods at forebears, it looks as though they might all descend from Archbishop John Spottiswoode 1565-1639, because they are only found near Virginia (family of the governor, I presume) and around the family estate in England. There don’t appear to have been any in Ireland.
    So, I think they either met and married in the USA (were Clugstons/Cluxtons and Spottiswoods ever in the same region?) and then returned to Elizabeth’s remaining family, or else they met while he was temporarily in Ireland.

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  11. Ooh! Tantalising! If only we could find a marriage record. I have gone over and over the Roxburgh and Ayrshire lines but couldn’t find a likely candidate. I don’t pay for access so rely on free data only.

    Lately I have focussed on Glasgow. I wondered if the printing family there got to know the tailors in the Clugston family then headed off to Ireland. The story is nowhere as exciting as the merchant story but I guess fits better with the Spotswood saddlers in Newry. There is that Margaret Clugston sempstress in Belfast.

    I haven’t ruled out the London lawyers Spottiswoodes but again have not found a likely John amongst them yet.

    I also wondered if there are actually two lines joining. James spelled his middle name Spottiswoode like his mother and like the Londoners, but Richard and Sarah (Elizabeth’s children) spelled theirs Spotswood, like the Americans. Maybe a red herring.

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  12. By the way, did you notice that the tenant lists 1681-1688 for James Hamilton’s plantation included a John Clugston, James Spotswood and Hugh Wilson. That would fit with Robert Spotswood in Killyleagh and he drew his tenants from Ayr, Renfrew, Wigtown, Dumfries and Kircudbright. He favoured those who had fought for Montgomery.

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  13. I found a baptism record for an Elizabeth Cluckston 19 Feb 1672 father William (Soldier) Mother Mary.
    St Michan, Dublin. Can rule them out because they were Church of Ireland

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  14. I doubt Elizabeth Cluxton came from Glasgow. In the late 1700’s the “Clogston” pronunciation was dominant near Glasgow. Instead, I’m almost certain her grandmother was Mrs Jane Cluxton who was of Carlingford, Louth in 1766. It is only 5km from where young Spotswood was born!!! Jane was still alive in 1783, for she was taken to court by the former High Sheriff of County Louth. Since neither case mentions a husband, she must have been a widow. She would hardly have been living alone. She must also have been upper middle class, like the Spottswoods. Robert Cluxton, whose family ended up in Ohio, left Ireland in 1798, perhaps because of the Irish Rebellion (which incidentally had its first battle in Kilcullen!!), leaving 3 kids behind. Surely the kids were married. An Ann Cluxton bought a marriage bond in Dublin in 1796. So when the family fled to the US, she would have stayed. The Canadian George Cluxton born 1795 is just too young.
    This is looking like a pretty strong story, I think. Now, Robert Cluxton was married to Mary Rice born Scotland 1744. Perhaps the Rice family was related to the Spottswoods? Prove that, and two of the three major Cluxton branches are joined.

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    • I found the connection between the Rice brothers and William Spottswood. This is from a variety of sources…

      William partnered with Richard Stewart (d.1786), from 1770-74 publishing amongst other things, the Dublin Chronicle 1768-69 and The Moralist (1773). Richard previously ‘conducted his Majesty’s Printing House’.
      Spottswood also had a shop in Annapolis and in about 1793 was printing in Boston.

      Spottswood emigrated to Philadelphia in 1783, the same year as Mathew Carey. The two Dubliners collaborated closely during their early years in America. He sold his circulating library and printing premises in April 1784 (over 10,000 books) and was advertising in Baltimore in November as bsr (bursor?).

      In 1785 Spottswood, Talbot and Carey were partners in Carey’s first newspaper venture in America, the Pennsylvania Evening Herald. Spottswood was the sole publisher at the time of the Constitutional Convention. The paper ran provocative stories until 1788.

      Recent arrivals from Ireland, they appreciated the potential of a nationally distributed serial, and Carey had particular experience of this through his proprietorship and editorship of the controversial Volunteer’s Journal in Dublin, the reason for his quick and final escape to the United States.

      He was known to associate with James, Henry and Patrick Rice of 16, South 2nd Street. (The Rices worked with revolutionaries such as Philip Morin Freneau who later published the National Gazette and in 1793, enraged Washington by delivering a copy to his door).

      One of the first truly successful magazines after the Revolution was the Columbian Magazine 1786-1792, a previously unimaginable run for an American periodical. Problems began when Carey left the magazine to found a rival publication, The American Museum (1787-92).

      Management of the Columbian passed from Spotswood (1787- 88), to James Trenchard, a copper-plate engraver, (1789-90), and finally to William Young, who purchased the magazine in 1790 and operated it until its end.

      The Columbian magazine was edited by a number of successful literary figures, including Alexander James Dallas (from 1788), an energetic lawyer and man of affairs who had previously been employed by Spottswood as editor of the Pennsylvania Herald.

      Carey, Cist, Trenchard and Spottswood were all intimately connected in one way or another with the Revolution and the first institutions of the free states and were acquainted with the leaders of government. James and Spottswood were signatories of the Declaration of Independence.

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      • Interesting! That gives a pretty good indication of how influential the Spottswoods were. I think we can assume that Henry Cluxton of Warrenspoint was from a fairly wealthy family. (He was actually a “Tide surveyor” not a surveyor, so unfortunately we can’t conclude much from that). He must have been either the grandson of the mute George Cluxton, of Carlingford, Louth, or else a grandson of James Cluxton of Kildare.

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  15. Every Rice I have found in the same area as Jane was a papist. See from Page 107
    “The Catholic Parishes in the Barony of Cooley: Part Two: From the Williamite Revolution to the End of the 18th Century” in Jstor.
    Harold O’Sullivan

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  16. So John and Hercules preceded Henry and George? Does that imply that Mary was Henry’s Wife? Sister? (I don’t understand reference numbers).

    Richard Keane (Elizabeth’s son) gave his address as 14 King Street Newry (the Wilson’s house) when he applied for immigration to Australia.

    The 1820 Directory of Newry, lists two saddlers named Spotswood. Henry lived in Boat Street and George in Courtney Street.

    Can you track them back to John and Elizabeth? I would really love to know where they got married and when they arrived in Ireland.

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  17. Well it means for sure that they were married in Ireland, not in Scotland or US. Probably relevant: 1767 Joseph Clugston, age 18 (born 1749) becomes an apprentice tailor in Newry. Joseph Clugston is listed as a freeholder in Newry in 1787, 1789, and 1790. Could well be Elizabeth’s father. John may be the son of Henry or Hercules (great name!)

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  18. I have never heard of Hercules before what a great name.
    In 1846 there was still a saddler Hercules Spotswood living in Castle Street, Carrickmacross 24 miles s w of Newry. Either he carried on the family tradition or Hercules came after Henry.
    Does that 1788 apply to the Spotswood lease?

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    • Yes, 1788 is the Spotswood lease. They have to be related, there can’t have been many Hercules Spotswoods in history. So we have Henry, Hercules and John Spotswood together with Joseph Clugston all in Newry at exactly the same time. Perhaps John is the father, Hercules is about 20 and is in partnership with his father, and John is still a young teen? Then Hercules is 60 in 1846.

      Joseph has to be the son of Joseph Clugston of Ross, Armagh (there are practically no other Joseph Clugstons anywhere else, at any time in history). Possibly Jane Clugston/Cluxton of Carlingford was the widow of Joseph of Ross. And he was the fourth son of Robert Clugston of Ross, who must have been born around 1700. If Ross is near Lough Ross, then it’s not actually far from Newry.

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      • A Josias Clugston was listed as an Elder at the Synod in Belfast on June 20 1721.

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      • Reading about Joseph, he was very brave. He refused to comply when the Synod bullied everyone to sign the Westminster Confession of faith. He suffered intense pressure. Thomas Wilson, his fellow Elder, was also one of the ‘New Lights’.
        The New Lights were influential in starting the Belfast Charitable Society in 1752 and the Poor Law system five yrs later. Later it assumed responsibility for the town water supply, building a poorhouse and a dispensary.

        Not a bad effort!!

        I imagine that his Wilson colleague may be George or John Willson that had that land next to the Clugstons’ that you spoke about in the Ross downland?

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      • “Joseph Clugston” in the Synod is Josias Clugston of Larne, who I believe is the brother of James Cluxton of Kildare. It could be that Robert Clugston of Ross is another brother, who named his fourth son Joseph. His oldest son, John, seems to have gone to Banbridge, County Down, and had a son named Aaron — the Biblical names may be connected. James Cluxton of Kildare was an active supporter of the Poor Law system.
        Thinking about what you’ve said here, since two Clugston men studied theology at Glasgow, Josias was clearly not acting alone. The family must have been quite religious, and I do wonder if the weavers in Glasgow who were rich and named all their children “James” were sons of James Clugston of Kildare, since three of their offspring became ministers.
        There are so many possible connections from the things you’ve discovered. We have Clugston pianoforte makers in Scotland (moved to Glasgow from Galloway). We have Robert Clugston, bookseller in Dumfries. But I don’t know how many of these things are because of family connections vs general trends in their society. (Apparently nearly everyone in Ireland became a weaver in the late 1700’s, etc).

        You also mentioned a “Clough”. That’s a surname from Yorkshire, about ten times as numerous as the Clugstons (and twenty times the Spotswoods). I’m now wondering if the Clugston surname is actually related to Clough, since the early surname is often spelt “Clougston”. The DNA results should answer this – is it Viking (Clouston) or German (Klugman) or Yorkshire (Clough) or French (Clugny) or Dunbar or other Scotland (McLucaston)?

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      • I was wrong about this. Jane Clugston of Carlingford was a spinster, not a widow. She owned a big chunk of the town since 1749. This means the Newry Clugstons are the only ones who were near Spotswoods. And in fact they were practically neighbours of each other.

        Clugstons owned land at the intersection of William St and Boat St, Newry since before 1692. So your Elizabeth Clugston is a daughter or (more likely) granddaughter of Joseph Clugston, tailor of William St, Newry, and her g-g-grandfather was James Clugston of Newry born before 1650.
        The Clugstons of Ross who owned land in Armagh must be in a deed record somewhere.

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      • I think you are right, this must be the John Spottiswoode I was searching for. My cousin informed me that John’s father was reputed to be George.

        If Elizabeth is the grand daughter of Joseph the tailor then it makes sense to marry a family of saddlers and shoe makers. Thank you for helping to make sense of all the pieces.

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      • It’s an excellent match but there are still loose ends. Joseph Clugston, tailor of Newry was very likely born in 1749, and died in 1808 (or possibly 1807). Mary Clugston was his “sole heiress”. She was married to Henry Grandy of Rossmener, County Down. Would be good to find roughly how old the Grandys were. There was a Joseph Grandy freeholder in Newry in 1820.
        How could she be his sole heiress? It surprises me because I had guessed James Clugston weaver of Drumnaquoile (north of Newry) was his grandson. And Ellen Clugston, found drowned in a ditch in Sheeptown, Newry was another likely granddaughter. Though they could have come there from the northwest rather than from Newry. If Elizabeth is James’s granddaughter, could Mary be his sole heiress?

        Joseph Clugston had a lease in Boat St, Newry in 1738. This sounds too early to be the father of Joseph, and also too early to be Joseph Clugston of Ross, Armagh, though both are possible.

        Henry Clugston was an innkeeper in Newry in 1728. He may have owned “The Jolly Sailor” which was next to Joseph’s tailor shop.

        Then we have James Clugston of Newry whose son Alexander bought most of Dumbeg townland in 1693. I think this is James the Ruling Elder of Drumca, Down near that time.

        I’m hoping there are other references in the deeds.

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      • My Cousin corrected me. The family recollection was that Elizabeth married George Spottiswood whose father was John.

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      • Please ignore my previous post. You probably already have this one, but Irish Marriages says that Widow Clugston of Kells married John Rothwell in 1776.

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      • > Irish Marriages says that Widow Clugston of Kells married John Rothwell in 1776.

        Yes, I do have that one (near the top of this page). But don’t know who the Clugston is, or which Kells it is. The most obvious option is the town of Kells in County Meath, though I don’t know of any other Clugstons in County Meath, so it’s a bit weird. There is a village ‘Kells’ near Ballymena, Antrim, where Clugstons owned land. I don’t know if Hibernia Magazine would refer to it as “Kells”, though.
        Maybe there is a reference to Rothwell in the Deeds records in one of those places.

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      • You may have explained something that has always bothered me. Why would James Spottiswoode Wilson (carpenter) have migrated to Australia in the hope of securing the Surveyor General role in Adelaide? He became a geologist, inventor and explorer. If his maternal grandfather was a surveyor, it would make more sense. There was a James Wilson, land surveyor in Canal Street in the 1820 Newry Directory.

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      • The surveyor connection is very reassuring. The next question is which family Henry came from. I’ve added the information from the Crossle records to my home page, you’ll see that it clarifies things enormously.

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  19. I found a Joseph and Hercules Clough on the Hearth Money Rolls (1660s). That can’t be a coincidence.

    They were both in Antrim Joseph in #1504Barony Massereene Upper, Parish Magheragall, Downland Knocknarea

    #1132 Hercules was in Ballinderry Parish Townland Money Cromocke (modern sp. Moneycrumog)

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  20. St Tida’s church web site lists ministers including two Spotswoods in their graveyard. St Tida’s is in Bellaghy, not far from Magheragall.
    John Spotswood 1723-1745 died in post
    Thomas Spotswood 1795-1833

    St Tida’s has been around since the 1700s and is Church of Ireland but they note on their web site that
    other denominations such as the Presbyterians, the Baptists, etc. became locally established. These people who would have had some links with St. Tida’s, would have been able consequently to purchase family and single plots. There are gravestones and memorials there from
    • the Battle of the Boyne,
    • the Siege of Derry

    Do you think that our John was an older sibling or father of Thomas?

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  21. Three John’s studied at Dublin University
    Andrew age 17yrs in 1773 Father Andrew Generous Residence or birth County Derry
    Thomas 16yrs in 1817 Father Thomas, Clericus, Derry
    John Age 21 in 1685 Father John, Mercator, Killeleagh Down

    Interestingly the Merchant may well be the John who paid hearth taxes in 1660. Not sure how that helps.

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    • I have mislead you regarding the priests. Those headstones were for Spotswoods. Sometimes I research late into the night and then I wonder why I can’t write any sense! However I have found all sorts of titbits about your sea faring Cluxtons. It is difficult from the little newspaper previews to tell them all apart.

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      • I can’t blame auto correct this time. The students at Trinity were Spotswoods. I think I have it right this time!

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  22. That ‘Generous’ got auto corrected from Generosus which I took to mean his father was in the gentry.

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    • From that link : “In Bombay in 1808 John Spotswood had married Elizabeth Waddington. Elizabeth was the adopted daughter of Major General Stafford W.S. Waddington of the Army of the East India Company”
      He was surely known to Dr Alexander Grant Clugston, surgeon general of the British Army in Bombay. Doesn’t prove anything except that they were in the same social circles.

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      • I am so disjointed with my discoveries I have made a mess of your previously tidy site. I posted on your other page about William Spotswood’s first wife Ann Pasley of Kildare. I am now trying to find out if she had a son John.

        I passed on a lot of details to the Tasmanian Spotswoods about William, who was their missing link.

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  23. Do you have access to Probate records?
    I think it might be worth checking William’s Will

    Reference: PROB 11/750/28
    Description: Will of William Spotswood, belonging to His Majesty’s Ship Dorsetshire
    Date: 02 October 1746
    Held by: The National Archives, Kew
    Legal status: Public Record(s)
    Closure status: Open Document, Open Description

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  24. I don’t have access to the probate records. Almost everything on this site is from free online sources. I try to do that wherever possible so that it is easy for anyone to check (particularly important since I guarantee I have made mistakes). I’m trying to keep this site focused on the Clugston name, I haven’t even included my own non-Clugston ancestry here. With several thousand Clugstons on this site that is already quite enough!

    Could you please delete your comments from the front page and copy them here instead? Then I’ll see if I can block further comments on the home page.

    My recent additions are the Battle of Kilcullen Bridge, sorting out the Clogston family tree, and more about the Ragman Rolls.

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  25. Found this story in the History of the Presbyterian church in Ireland Vol 1 p346 by James Seaton Reid.

    It’s a bit hard to be sure but it looks like the events happened around 1625 when Tyringham was in charge of a ‘newly raised company of foot’. He was Governor from 1626-?31.

    Do you know which Clugston helped Captain Lawson when his shipment of butter was detained in Derry? The ship ended up being used to evacuate 500 people to Scotland.

    Lawson “obtained permission from Sir Arthur Tyringham to place his newly raised regiment at Lisburn, under the charge of his two lieutenants, Clugston and Hanna, and of his quarter-master Stewart;”.

    I thought maybe William Cluckston (soldier) husband of Mary and father of Elizabeth. Elizabeth was baptised at St Michan (Mar 1673) but that would make him quite old to be her father.

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  26. That’s a very interesting one, and one of the very few pre-1650 Irish references we have. I think the events are in 1641, and since the troops were stationed at Lisburn, they may have been drawn from Belfast. But I keep forgetting that Belfast was very small at that stage. Sir Arthur had been governor of Newry but I think most of the garrison there was killed so Clugston couldnt have come from there.

    My initial thought was that it is William Clugston, merchant of Belfast in 1635, who collected money in support of the Scottish army around 1640. It was kind of an emergency army, and the troops lacked training. But it would make more sense for the lieutenants to have some military experience. It certainly seems likely that William Cluckston the soldier is related to the lieutenant. He’d have to be born 1820 at the latest making him 53 at the baptism. Not impossible but I think soldiers tend to impregnate women at younger ages 🙂
    “Hanna” is probably “Hannay”, a surname that crops up a bit. He is probably the best clue.

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    • Yes the Hannay’s pop up in the Wilson line too. I note that Andrew Spotswood, Thomas Wilson and Robert Hanna were all JPs around the same time in Magherafelt. There was a also a ship called the Hanna.

      Liked by 1 person

    • Sir Robert Hannay, 2nd Baronet (died 1689) reached the rank of Captain of Foot in 1661 according to Wikipedia. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannay_baronets. His mother was a Stewart.

      See page 553 of Irish Pedigrees for some juicy detail. Seems a Captain Hannay may have taken part in the siege of Derry. O’Hart said it was not a common name in Ireland. There was also a family of Hannas in Newry.

      https://books.google.co.nz/books?id=qFRmAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

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      • In the 1641 depositions (http://1641.tcd.ie/deposition.php) if you search for “Hanna” you find MS 838, fols 070v-071r which was a report by soldiers of Sir John Borlases Company, who were garrisoned at Colerane in Londonderry. Soldiers from Mr Cossens Company were attacked as they came out of William Hanna’s Stackyard.

        There is no such surname as “Cossen”, so it must be a mistake. I wonder if that could be “Clugston”. But “Stackyard” might just be a farm.

        In 1669, William Clugston was on the hearth money rolls for Curramoney/Billy, County Antrim. This is 7km north-east of Coleraine. It’s the weirdest early reference — there are no other Clugston records anywhere near it.
        This could all be a coincidence though.

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  27. It’s difficult because Hannay is a fairly common name. I had expected there would be a Hanna or Hannay early in the Corporation of Belfast, but there isn’t. Only two tailors in the 1670’s. So I’m no longer confident that this is William Clugston of Belfast. Might be a coincidence, but in 1684 at Mindork in the Barony of Clugston was John Clugston married to Marion Hannah, apparently with one teenage son Andrew (Andrew had a son born 1695). That means John would have been born around 1650. There are two other John Clugstons there, one apparently with three grown kids, so there must have been more than one family there.

    That’s the only Clugston-Hanna connection I’ve found so far, and it’s not very convincing. I don’t know if an officer would move back to the family farm.

    The only other early Clugston in Ireland I know of was Alexander Clugston in 1644 and 1648 in the corner of County Down. He was an attorney for a will of a soldier.
    Also possible I think.

    Otherwise the lieutenant would be a third early Irish Clugston.

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  28. There was Margaret Clugston of Belfast who married Richard Dobbs b.1660. In 1694 he was High Sheriff of Antrim.

    McSkimin History of Carrickfergus (Google books)

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    • There were a couple of Cossen families in Sussex and two on the continent. Perhaps the folk from Clogh town. (Later County: Kilkenny Barony: Union: Parish: Castlecomer).escaped the Norman conquest by settling in the West of Scotland. That would mean your DNA could have the old Celtic Haploids. When do you get your results?

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      • DNA results come in 4 weeks. The shipping took months. I have been looking at the old maps, and it seems from them that the Clugstons were in the Barony for a long time. There are now quite a few DNA results from other 1400’s landowners in Wigtownshire, who would have been nobles in the Kingdom of Galloway. As far as I know, historians have debated where they came from, so there is a chance to do some real history. Were they Vikings? Were they Celts from Ireland? Or did they originate near Edinburgh? Were they Normans? (Perhaps from Clugny). Were they among the English nobles that were invited into Scotland by King David I? (Perhaps from Clough). Or were they descendants of the Iron Age inhabitants of Galloway? But the fact that Patrick Clugston was in Middlesex in the Middle Ages does make me think they had high mobility.

        Margaret Clugston of Belfast was the son of John, Sovereign of Belfast. Her mitochondrial DNA is known! Family members were customs officials so they must be related to John Clugston of Stranraer and Dr Alexander Grant Clugston. I think James Clugston of Kildare may have been her brother. He was rich and the money must have come from somewhere. But the weavers of Glasgow were rich as well, and the Clougstons of Kirkcudbright were aristocrats. I don’t know if there were one, two, or three rich branches.

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      • I have just received my DNA results.
        I have a match for Clugstons and a Cluxton from branches very different to mine, so I can be confident I am actually a Clugston 🙂 Getting the full value from this will involve trying to contact everyone but there are some immediate answers.
        First, we’re not Vikings. We’re not Claxtons. Only one Clogh has been tested, and he is unrelated. We’re not the same as Clucas from Isle of Man. More to come…

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      • That is very cool. Does it tell you anything about the path they have migrated over the generations?

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      • The DNA results show Irish ancestry. Familytreedna says it matches “Niall of the Nine Hostages” but I think that’s a bit fanciful; still, it’s related to the old chieftains of northern Ireland. I didn’t expect this at all, but it makes perfect sense. At the closest point it’s only 20km across the sea from Ulster to Galloway. Presumably, when the Irish raided Britain, some cadet branches of the family remained. The Barony of Clugston is relatively far from Ireland so it wouldn’t have been the most desirable location, but apparently Doon Hill in the Barony (where they built a fort) has a good view of the region, so the Clugston progenitor wouldn’t have been right at the bottom of the pecking order, either.
        This is the final nail in the coffin for Clan Dunbar. The Dunbars don’t have Irish DNA. They’re completely unrelated,
        Some of the closest DNA matches I have are to the McHargs, who are from Minigaff, which is only a few km from the Barony of Clugston.
        The problem is that this northern Irish DNA is so common – 0.6% of the men who’ve done the test have it – so there are an insane number of false positives.
        One of the big results from this is that the Clugstons didn’t originate near Edinburgh/Glasgow/Dundee. And knowing that they didn’t come from England, makes Patrick Clugston, the chaplain who moved to Middlesex in the middle ages, even more inexplicable.

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  29. Perhaps the Middlesex Clugstons fled from Clogh in Wexford. The Normans hit there first. Some might have fled north and called their new settlement Clogh, then again forced to flee to Scotland. I’m just having fun speculating. I look forward to hearing what insights you get from the results.

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    • – 03 Nov 1775 – Baptized Elizabeth Clugston daughter to John Clugston at Stranraer Inch. I wish I could find a record of her marriage.

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      • That’s John the customs official. His illegitimate daughter is mentioned in his will, though it doesn’t mention her name. She was living at Newtown Stewart with her mother, and probably used her mother’s surname. See the aristocratic page.

        The Hannay page is a huge discovery. William Clugston owned land in the farm of Clugston in 1657, next door to the mill; but by 1684 he had moved to Wigtown. It looks as though his son John married Marion Hannah; their son Andrew was born around 1670.

        I think William was also the father of William Clugston Provost of Wigtown in 1684 (died 1734). In “Lands and their owners in Galloway” it is claimed that the Provost was the father of Dr William of Stranraer, father of John the customs official.

        It could be that the Hannah family moved to Clugston Mill because of friendship with Lt. Clugston during the 1641 rebellion.

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  30. It’s hard to keep all the players in any sort of order. It would need to be in a tree layout for me to follow all the groups in their time lines.

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  31. The Cluxtons of Kilcullen were originally Clugstons and signed leases as Claxtons from 1722 in kildare .They were related to Clugstons from lurgan. Co Down. They changed spelling to Cluxton in late 18th century. I sent you a few messages via your site but they must be ending up in your spam folder. I have a lot of info i can share with you.

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  32. Bailey Cluxton did not previously commit manslaughter, this was a news reporting error, on his spike island prison record, it records a previous conviction for assault which he was charged for in 1836 as part of the “Justice Rent” case. He was transferred from Spike to Naas Gaol as he was terminally ill with TB. He actually had his sentence commuted by the home secretary Sir George Grey to 3 years imprisonment to be completed in Naas Gaol where he died with his wife Ann Kearney by his side 2 hours after getting the news. Its a remarkable story

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    • That is an extraordinary story. I presume then, that he was actually buried at Pollardstown, and the memorial to him is actually his gravestone. That explains why there are no Australian records of him.
      I wonder if the servant John Jones had TB as well. If Bailey had contracted it in Spike Island I would imagine many other prisoners would also have had their sentences commuted at the same time.
      It’s all a bit tragic.
      I am also a bit intrigued by this guy Walker who tried to discredit their marriage, and then tried to discredit another Kearney marriage. Especially given the circumstances, that’s really quite nasty. But since they were quite wealthy and respectable I wonder why they didn’t have a standard marriage in the first place.

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  33. John Jones had TB and was going to die anyway, the inflammation on his lungs was augmented by the blow he got on the shoulders and that brought his death sooner. If he didnt already have lung disease and Jones died Bailey would most likely have been sentenced to death. Bailey had TB for a number of years. It just got worse in prison, the legality of the marriage was questioned by Baileys daughter Catherine, this was some sort of ploy to try and save the farm from being sold.

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