Clugstons in Armagh

Unravelling the relationships between the Clugstons in Armagh is difficult because there are two Robert Clugstons near Newtownhamilton, both of whom had a son called Thomas. There is a third Thomas Cluxton in Ballintate, who is known to have come from Donaghmore, County Down.

The tithe applotment book for Tullvallan Hamilton 1830 shows Robert Clugston as a landowner in “(Islands)” and Robert Clugston in “(Coulter Fulton &c)”. They are not the same man. In the 1864 Ordnance Survey Map, the centre of the Ballintemple townland is called “The Island”. Thomas Clugston and Anne Clugston were both landholders in Ballintemple in 1864, and Andrew Clugston had a cottage in the adjacent townland of Cavanakill. In 1864 William Clugston owned land in Tullyvallan, and this land seems to correspond to the land owned by other Robert Clugston. This second Robert Clugston also had a son called Thomas Clugston, who became a secessionist Presbyterian minister.

A census search record for the 1851 census has survived for the family of Thomas Clugston and Jane Martin. Family tradition states that Thomas’ parents were Robert Clugston and Eleanor Larkin. I have not been able to determine the source of this information. Thomas’ two sons both moved to NSW. The family were strong Orangemen; the Orange Lodge met in the home of Thomas Clugston. Robert Clugston Jr brought his orange sash to Australia with him; it still exists.
Their landlord was Sir Walter Synnot (1741-1821) of Ballymoyer House, and subsequently they leased from his son, Marcus Synnot. The Synnots were also heavily involved in the Orange Lodge, and Patrick George Synnot became Grand Master of Ballymoyer Lodge. Marcus Synnot had previously represented Newtownhamilton in the Select Committee.
Sir Walter Synnot’s second wife was Ann Elizabeth Martin, daughter of Rev Robert Martin. Andrew Clugston lived in a small house on the grounds of Ballymoyer House. I presume he was the groundskeeper.
Sir Walter Synnot built Ballymoyer House in 1778.

We can see from the name “Andrew Castles Clugston” that this family retained traditional Scottish naming even after moving to Australia. We can be confident, for example, that Thomas Clugston’s wife Jane Martin was the daughter of Samuel Martin, who is listed on the Tithe Applotments with Robert Clugston under “(Islands)”; and her mother was Mary. The naming tradition is not strictly adhered to, because Ellen is named later than Jane. It is possible though that there had been an older daughter named after the mother (Eleanor?). William Martin leased Ballintemple #60, about 500m from Thomas Clugston.

This family was very strongly Presbyterian. Descendants in Australia were elders in the Presbyterian Church. Robert’s house was only 2km from the secessionist church in Newtownhamilton. They attended the 1st Newtownhamilton Presbyterian Church, which has surviving baptism and marriage records 1833-1890 in local custody.

The 2nd Tullvallen Presbyterian Church, Newtownhamilton, undertook a church census in 1826. This lists Robert Clugston, his wife Eleanor, and their 10 children. The same census list James & Sarah Clugston, and their four children Jane, John, Margaret, and Robert.
The ages of the parents in these families suggest that they are brothers.

Combining the information from these three census records, we get this, which shows just how rapidly a family can grow:

Robert Clugston = ?Eleanor Larkin?
  Robert Clugston = Eleanor ?Anderson? 1782 - 1865
    Robert Clugston
    John Clugston 1807-1848
    Nancy Clugston 1810-1881.1.4
    Thomas Clugston 1812-1884
    James Clugston
    Elizabeth Clugston
    William Clugston 1819-1895
    Isaac Clugston
    Joseph Clugston
    Sarah Clugston 1826 - 1910
  Thomas Clugston 1787-1872 = Jane Martin
    Robert Clugston 1831-1879.2.13
    Mary Clugston 1833-
    Samuel Clugston 1835-1915.10.26  
    Jane Clugston 1841-1914
    Ellen Clugston 1840-
    Margaret Clugston 1843-
    Elizabeth Clugston 1846-
    Sarah Clugston 1848-
    Emily Clugston 1850-    
  James Clugston = Sarah Knott 1791-1876
    Jane Clugston
    John Clugston
    Margaret Clugston
    Robert Clugston

Two brothers, Robert Clugston born around 1792, and John Clugston born 1805, both born in Ireland, moved to Orange County, New York. They might have been sons of Robert and Eleanor. If they were, then the mysterious Ann Clugston 1799-1882.4.5 might be an unmarried daughter of Robert. The problem with this theory is that then the two Robert Clugstons near Newtownhamilton cannot be closely related at all. At most, they could be cousins.
There was also a William Clugston in Drumgane 6a and 6b. This went to William Walker in 1874.

    Thomas Clugston 1787- 1872 = Jane Martin
        (1864: Ballintemple 65, price 7-0-0 land, 2-0-0 buildings)
        Robert Clugston 1831-1879.2.13
          = Sarah Castles 1830-1912.06.04 m. 1855.8.4 
           (Sarah son of Andrew Castles 1807-1887.12.7 Reeling master d. 47 Wigton St Belfast; other siblings James Clugston = Bessy Creighton m 1868.10.12 Shankill Antrim, refreshment house keeper of 16 Cromac St Belfast; Hannah Castles b 1842 Armagh millworker preparer never married; Margaret Castles 1845- = William May m 1863.4.15 Dublin; another sister married McMurray of Newtownhamilton)
            (Robert and Sarah emigrated to Cooma, NSW)
            Thomas Clugston 1856.04.23- 1939.9.22 = Amy Christina Duvery -1918 Adaminaby m 1883
                Robert Clugston 1885-1963.5.22 = Dorothy 1893-1969.11.15 d. Yass
                Eleanor Amy Clugston 1887 = Edward A W Robertson m 1917 Cooma
                Charles William Clugston 1888-1957  b Cooma
                  = Lillie G Chapman 1898- m 1922
                Ada Elizabeth Clugston 1891-1907 (died young)
                Thomas Andrew Clugston 1892-1951 b.Cooma
                  = Mildred B Fulham 1898- m 1920
                Herbert Samuel Clugston 1895-1902.3.16 (died young)
                Aubery James Barton Clugston 1897 = Elspie M Parsons m 1930
                Harold Leslie Clugston 1900-1965 = Ada M Phillips m 1924
                Bertha Jean Clugston 1904 = Albert Thomas m 1922
            Andrew Castles Clugston 1858.5.9-1902 = Selina A Barrett 1888-1922
                Castles Cecil Clugston 1895-1964 = Janet R Paterson m 1935
                Alice May Clugston 1897-1936.2.5 = Reginald Walter Rossiter 1895-1973.11.19 m 1928 Cooma
                Sarah Florence Clugston 1899- = William G Picker m 1923
            Samuel Clugston 1860.3.9 - 1943.5.10 = Edith Frances Locker 1880-1974 m 1898
                Francis Leslie Samuel Clugston 1899-1935 = Ella Phillips n 1922
                Edna Myrtle Clugston 1903- = Arthur Walter Clutton 1903- m 1927 Newtown
                John Thomas Clugston 1908-1996 = Winifred Henrietta Mainerd 1909-1990
                Jean Marion Clugston 1911- = William Reginald Magwick Moore 1909 m 1931
                Dudley Nelson Clugston 1914- = Irene Rose Scott m 1939
                Lulu Aldith Clugston 1918- = John E Cash m 1939
            Sarah Jane Clugston 1862.11.23-1944 = Charles William Evans
            Robert Clugston 1865.1.17-1938
            William James Clugston 1868.4.3-1945
              =1 Sarah Frances Locker 1873-1903 m 1898
                Ella B Clugston 1898 = John H Mansfield m 1919
                Gladys Lillian Clugston 1901-1975.3.15 = Lawrence William Adams b Adaminaby m 1942
                Frances L J Clugston 1903 = Charles M Luton m 1930
              =2 Emily Caroline Locker 1876- m 1909
                Ronald William Clugston 1910.5.14-2000.1.6  b Adaminaby
                  = Beatrice Mary Bridle m 1939
                Alan R Clugston 1912
                Eric Campbell Clugston 1914 = Johanna Elizabeth Burke m 1937
                Essie Uma CLugston 1917 = Cyril L Potter m 1940
        Mary Clugston 1833- = Joseph Downey m 1854.03.17 Newtownhamilton
           (1875: Ballintemple 65, took over from Mary's father Thomas Clugston)
            George Andrew Clugston Downey 1855 m 1880.Q1 Armagh
            Robert Downey 1857
            Jane Downey 1860
            Joseph Downey 1862
            Mary Downey 1868
            Thomas Alexander Clugston Downey 1875.6.17-1970.30.10 b Ballintemple, Armagh
                 d. Peeceville, Saskatchewan, Canada
                (Took over the farm from his father in 1921)
        Samuel Clugston 1835-1915.10.26 
          = Jane Eliza McLean 1847.8.11-1942.6.1 m 1863.2.24 Broulee, NSW
          --- Cooma, NSW then to Murwillumbah, NSW
            Jane Clugston 1864-1928 = Sam Milgate 1851-1920 m 1881
            Ellen Clugston 1865-1933 = George Ireland 1860-1936 m 1882
            Thomas Clugston 1867-1941.8.26 = Emily Ann Ireland 1871-1940 m 1888 b Bodalla
                Eliza Jane Clugston 1889-1957 b Moruya = John Weley m 1916.10.25
                Dolleine May Clugston 1891 b Milton = Malcolm Wilson m 1924.5 Tenterfield
                Thomas Richard Ireland Clugston 1895-1913 (Killed in action on the Somme)
                Robert Stanley Herbert Clugston 1898-1982 b Milton m 1926 Cootamundra
                Pearl I E Clugston 1900-1989 b Murwillumbah = William Flanagan m 1922.7.19
                Gladys E G Clugston 1902.12.14-1986 b Murwillumbah m 1924 Tenterfield
                Thelma R N Clugston 1905-1996 b Murwillumbah m 1941 White Cliffs NSW
                Athol Gregory Clugston 1912-1929 b Lismore d. Windsor
                Lyle McKenzie Clugston 1914-2000 b Lismore
                Samuel George Clugston 1893-1964 b Milton (surname "Cluxton")
                  = Eliza Jane. Greyhound trainer
                    # His uncle Ronald on the north coast gave him a greyhound in 1929
                    Ashley Samuel Clugston  m 1944 Milk vendor and dairyman
                    Jean Clugston 1917- = Bill Conroy. Greyhound trainers
                Ian Russell Malcolm Clugston 1909- m 1937
                Eric Lionel N Clugston -1966
            Flora "Annie" Clugston 1869-1963 = Jack Ireland 1866-1930 m 1888 Moruya
            Ronald Clugston 1870-  (must have died young)
            Mary Amelia "Minnie" Clugston 1871-1941 = Richard Ireland 1858-1939 m 1888
            William John "Willie" Clugston 1873-1896 = Elizabeth Mary "Lil" Shiels 1876- m 1894
                Roderick John Clugston 1895- motor mechanic b Victoria
                  =1 Gladys Halliwell m 1915.11.13 Hindmarsh SA divorced 1919
                  =2 m 1922 Hindmarsh SA
                Robert Clugston -1929
            Robert Samuel Clugston 1875-1949
              =1 Emily Alice Thomas m 1898 Milton NSW
              =2 Alice Rose 1884-  m 1904
                Alan Keith Clugston 1905-1969  d Petersham m 1940
            Dougal Clugston 1877-1946 = Lydia L Austin 1885-1959 m 1904
                Dugald Samuel Raymond Clugston 1908-1990 b Byron Bay
                Ona M Clugston 1911-  m 1933
            Ronald Clugston 1879-1951 = Elizabeth Johnston 1886- m 1906
                Lionel N CLugston 1907 b. Lismore
                Ivy D Clugston 1914 Murwillumbah m 1934
                Jack E Clugston 1914 Murwillumbah
                Stanley William Clugston -1967
            Isabella Clugston 1881-1894
            Eliza Clugston 1882-
            Margaret C Clugston 1884-1885
            Emily Clugston 1887-1943 = Bertie Garrett 1887- m 1908
        Jane Clugston 1841-1914 
           = James Kelly 1840-1926 b Liverpool NSW d Sydney
            (moved to Cooma, NSW)
            William H Kelly 1860-  b Cooma
            Thomas C Kelly 1862-
            Amelia J Kelly 1864-
            James Kelly 1867-
            Robert S Kelly 1869-
            Edith Kelly 1870-
            Sarah Mary Kelly 1871-
            John D Kelly 1873-
            Alexander Stuart Kelly 1875- b. Cooma
        Ellen Clugston 1840-   = Alexander Nickle  m 1860.2.14
            Amelia Nickle 1874.6.3 b Markethill, Armagh
            Eliza Nichol 1877.1.5
        Margaret Clugston 1843- = James Bingham 1838- m 1862.9.11  { James son of Hugh Bingham }
             Sarah J Bingham 1864-
             Elizabeth Bingham 1865.10.12 b. New Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
             Emma Bingham 1867 = Robert Lambie Milligan d. California
             Hugh Bingham 1870.4.28 b New Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
             Margaret Bingham 1872.6.27 b New Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
             Mary Bingham 1874.2.14 b New Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
             Thomas C Bingham 1876-
             Hannah Bingham 1879-
             Ellen Bingham 1881
             Annie Bingham 1884
             Mary A Bingham 1889- b New Monkland, Lanark, Scotland
        Elizabeth Clugston 1846- = Richard Warmington  m 1868.12.10 (Richard son of John Warmington)
             James Wormington 1869.7.9
             William Wormington 1871.12.15
             Thomas Warmington 1876.11.2
             Ellen Warmington 1880.5.9 b Cladbeg, Armagh
        Sarah Clugston 1848-  = Samuel Bailie 1848- m 1873
        Emily Clugston 1851-  b Armagh. Dress maker
         = Jackson Gardner 1857- b Down Saddler m 1879.5 Belfast
            (In the 1901 census she is born in 1858 but she was a newborn in the 1851 census)
            (1901: 11 Elm Street, Cromac, Belfast. 7 children, 6 living in 1911)
            Ellen Maria Gardner 1879.8.13 (twins!)
            Jane Gardner 1879.8.13 (twins!)
            Mary J Gardner 1880
            Jackson Clugston Gardner 1891

In 1860, George M Clugston born 1832 Ireland was staying with the family of Hiram and Charlotte Downey in Giard Township, Clayton, Iowa. He died there in 1907. But this seems to be Hiram Downing who married Charlotte Bryson in 1845 in Clayton, Iowa. So this is probably just a coincidence.

According to the Downey family Bible, another daughter is Hannah Clugston who married Hugh Bingham and moved to Scotland. But this might be a confused reference to Margaret.

Other Australian Clugstons, presumed to be descendants of Samuel.

     John Andrew Ross Clugston 1879-  b Lily, Victoria
        = Olive Linton Cameron 1878-1964 m 1907 Sydney
            Alexander C Clugston 1908 b Newtown
            John Harold Clugston 1909-1990 b Sutherland m 1929
            Leslie C Clugston 1914- b. Sutherland

        Samuel George Clugston  = Edith Alice A West 1893-1965 m 1913 Lismore
            Ashley S Clugston 1914-
            Enid M Clugston 1915-
            Thomas Clugston -1941

      Clugston = Olive Maud Boot 1899-1940.3.15  d Rockdale
          Luther Handford Clugston = Maud Amelia

      John Clugston
          Janet Robertson Clugston -1957

Eliza E Clugston 1887- b Moruya = ?? m 1906 Lismore

William Clugston has Tullyvallan 270, 271 and 272.

Dr. KAYE applied on behalf of William Cluxton, of Belfast, for a grant of probate of the will of Robert Cluxton, deceased. The testastor, who possessed property in the County Armagh, died on the 7th March, 1859. The present application was grounded on the affidavit of Samuel Cluxton, Thomas Hughes, and Henry Rowan Barker. Search had been made for the will, but it could not be found. Notice of the present application had been served personally on the next of kin in Belfast. Judge WARREN said he would require further evidence as to the loss of the will.
“Belfast Newsletter”, 30 May 1876

Henry Rowan Barker was born in 1803 and died in 1880. He was a solicitor.

In 1873, the wife of Samuel Cluxton, aged 40, was seduced by her neighbour, the husband of Mathilda Carroll. Samuel and his wife (“an uncommonly plain looking person”) had been married for 15 years, and had four children, the youngest being 2-3 years old. They had 15 acres in perpetuity. The accused is probably John Carroll, son of James Carroll, who married Mathilda Boyd in Tullyvallan on 17 June 1856. James Carroll had Tullyvallan 180 and 181, while Samuel Gamble had Tullyvallan 184 and 185. Samuel Gamble, son of John Gamble, was married in 1861. “Mrs Morton” is also mentioned in the court case, this would be Samuel Norton of Tullyvallan 266a. Samuel Clugston had only been married to Ann Gamble for 10 years at this time, but it’s plausible that they were exaggerating to make the adultery seem even more reprehensible.
The judge said that “the parties were in very humble circumstances, and no matter what the result of the case was, it was quite possible that the expense of that trial would be ruinous to both parties.”

The family tombstone of Rev Thomas Clugston also includes Esther Anderson 1780-1853.8.16, Jane Anderson 1776-1856.2.18, and Agnes Clugston 1810-1881.1.4.
These are probably his aunts; otherwise it is very difficult to explain.

Robert Cluxton or Clugston - d. 1859.3.7 = Eleanor ?Anderson? 1782-1865
    John Clugston 1807-1848 = Mary Thompson 1809.3.31-1896.9.15 b Newtownhamilton d. Oswego
        (Arrived in Oswego 1848)
        (Mary migrated to Bathurst, Australia in 1865 then returned to Oswego on the "California" in 1879).
        (1880: Oswego, NY)
        Jane Clugston 1836- b Ireland = Robert Hanan 1832- b Ireland Mason
            (1855: Ward 3, Oswego, NY. Jane's mother Mary was staying with them)
            (Emmigrated to Bathurst, permanently)
        Robert Clugston 1837- b Ireland  Sail Maker
         = Ann Conway 1838-1914.11.6 b Ireland d. Oswego NY
            (Ann dau Mary Conway 1800- b Ireland)
            (1865: Oswego, NY)
            (1875: Oswego, NY)
            (1892: Oswego, NY)
            John Clugston 1858-1881 b Oswego NY
            Jennie Clugston 1860-1900 = Daniel O'Conner 
                Harriet K O'Conner 1886- = Robert B Walpole
            Mary Clugston 1860- b Oswego NY
            Ann Clugston 1862-1905 b Oswego NY = Thomas H McGrath
            Robert Clugston 1864-1882 b Oswego NY (11 months old in 1865)
            William Clugston 1868-1889 b Oswego NY
            Edward Clugston 1871- b Oswego NY
        Mary Clugston 1848- b Canada = Michael Fitzgibbon 1841- b Canada
    Agnes Clugston 1810-1881.1.4 died unmarried
    Rev Thomas Clugston 1812-1884 Secessionist Presbyterian minister at Boardmills
      = Anne Qua 1827-1880 m 1849-7-3.
      (Seven children still living in Jan 1885, living in extreme poverty, church members
       adopted them).
        Robert Smyth Clugston 1850-1873   died young
        Rebecca Clugston 1851-1853        died young
        Jane Clugston 1855-1871           died young
        Miss Clugston 1855-1855  (unnamed - stillborn?)
        Elenor Charlotte Clugston 1856- (must have died young)
        Mary Ann Clugston 1858-1884       died young
        Ellen Elizabeth Clugston 1857-1917 died unmarried  Seamstress
        Rebecca Clugston 1859-1879        died young
        James Qua Clugston 1861-1928      single in 1911 Farmer
        William Samuel Clugston 1863.5.5-1837.10.16
           = Sarah Rainey 1862- m 1896.12 Belfast. Teacher
          (1901: Albert St, Bangor, Down. Principal of Conlig National School in 1910)
          (In 1908 he was executor of the will of William Miller Esq of Conlig).
          (died Hazeldene Gardens, Bangor, last surviving family member of Rev Thomas)
            Ethel Clugston 1898
            Howard Thomas Clugston 1901
        Agnes Clugston 1865-              single in 1911 Seamstress
        Thomas John Clugston 1868-1925    single in 1911 Farmer
        Joseph Stuart Clugston 1870-1932
          =1 Ann Lowden  m 1893
          --> (emmigrated to New York, 1912, 1914)
            Thomas Lowden Clugston 1893-  b Belfast  carpenter
                (1935: Patterson, Passaic, New Jersey. Married)
            Joseph William Clugston 1896- b Ireland (single in 1930)
            Alfred James  Clugston 1900-  b Belfast
          =2 Margaret A 1876-
              Sarah Charlotte Clugston- 1914- b New York
        David Alexander Clugston 1872-1889 died single
    William Clugston 1819-1895  Dairyman
      = Mary Ann McCullough 1841-1912 m 1862.12.24  (9 kids, 7 still living in 1911.)
     (1862: william was living in Tullyvallen, Mary Ann living in Brackley)
      (1864: Tullyvallen 270, 271 and 272)
      (1901: 201 Albertbridge Rd Belfast)
        Robert Samuel Clugston 1864-   b. Armagh. Grocer merchant
          = Francis Jane Agar 1869  m 1888.Q2 Belfast 5 kids 4 living in 1911
          (Robert deduced to be son of William & Mary Ann by process of elimination).
          (1911: Connsbrook Avenue, Victoria, Down)
            Edith Clugston 1892
            William Bruce Clugston 1893   m 1921.Q3
            John Clugston 1898
            Robert Clugston 1907
        Thomas James Clugston 1868.12.13-  Linen Lapper b Armagh
          = Elizabeth Walker 1872- m 1896.Q1 Newry  b Armagh. 3 kids, all living in 1911
          (1901: Larkfield Rd, Victoria, Down.)
          (1911: Ormeau, Down; Sarah Martha Sleeth of Markethill was staying with them)
            Margaret Walker Clugston 1900.3.21
            Mary Anne Clugston 1903
            William Isaac Clugston 1907 b Armagh
        John McCullough Clugston 1872 = Elizabeth Stuart m 1903 Q3 Grocer
        William Joseph Clugston 1874-1905  Merchant Tailor and Outfitter's Manager
        Margaret Ann Clugston 1876 (or 1882-)- Biscuit and Cake Packer
          = Henry Irvine 1882- m 1903.Q2 Belfast Shipyard Piece Works Cost Clerk
              (1911: 21 Sintonvilla Ave, Pottinger, Down)
            John George Clugston Irvine 1911-
        George Mahood Clugston 1881-  Wholesale Grocer's Clerk
          = Margaret Winifred McCullagh m 1917 Belfast  Book-keeper
        Isaac Smith Clugston 1884-1906.7.17 Flour and Shipping Clerk
        1865 female  (still alive in 1911)
        1866 female  (still alive in 1911)
    Samuel Clugston 1827 - 1910 = Agnes Gamble 1841-1912 b Monaghon
              m 1863 Muckno, Monaghon (Agnes daughter of John Gamble)
        Anna Eliza Clugston 1866- (b. Armargh)   single in 1911
        Robert John Clugston 1870-1912  (b. Armagh)   Despatch clerk
        (surely there are other children in this 11 year gap?)
        Eleanor Clugston 1881 (b. Belfast)        single in 1911

Probably a daughter of William Clugston and Mary Ann McCullough.

Elizabeth Clugston 1867- b Armagh = William Bruce 1859- m 1887.Q3 Belfast Down Book keeper
    (1911: 158 Larkfield Road, Victoria, Down)
    (Presbyterian Lasnor Church. 3 children, 2 living in 1911)
    Dorothy Mary Bruce 1895- b. Down

Probably a daughter of Samuel Clugston & Agnes Gamble.

Minnie Clugston 1871- b. Armagh
  = Acheson Harden Thompson 1871- m 1898.Q4 b. Belfast Engineering Agent
    (1911: 9 Cyprus Ave, Pottinger, Down)
    William Clugston Thompson 1903-

Armagh Clugstons in Ontario

A message in an online forum states:
“The Registers of the Secession Presbyterian Church (Secession Church Associate Presbyterian) at Newtownhamilton, County Armagh record the baptisms of children of James Clugston and Sarah Knott/Smyth. Agnes 1826; James, 1828; Sarah 1834.
There was a census which gives James & Sarah Clugston, Tullyvallen, Jane, John, Margaret, Robert.”
I think this must be the 2nd Newtownhamilton Presbyterian church, reel MIC1P/443 at PRONI, which contains Baptisms, 1823-1915; marriages, 1823-44 and 1862-1936; new communicants, 1823-61; communion roll,c.1870-1938; session minutes, 1827-9, with censures,1824-9; lists of membership certificates received and given, 1823-41; census of the congregation, 1826. That church was founded in 1810.
The secessionist Clugstons (Robert, father of Rev Thomas) were also attending that church.

James Clugston = Sarah /Knott?/ 1791-1876
   (1826: Tullyvallen)
   (Sarah moved to Ontario after 1861, before 1871)
    Jane Clugston
    John Clugston
    Margaret Clugston
    Robert Clugston
    Agnes Clugston 1826 bap. Tullyvallen
    James Clugston 1828 bap. Tullyvallen
    Sarah Clugston 1834 bap. Tullyvallen

    Sarah Clugston 1832.8.13 - 1921.4.7
      = James Rayburn 1822.1.6 -1896.1.4 b. Monaghan d. Caledon, Ontario

Another site states John Clugston = Sarah Smyth, with kids:

  John 1818 = Rachel Bell
  Unknown 1829-
  Margaret Maria Clugston 1829- =  Joe Rayburn
  James Clugston 1829 = Annie Knott
  Sarah Clugston 1833 = James Rayburn
  Eliza Clugston 1834 = ?? Black
  Robert Clugston 1836 = Eliza Knott

Regardless of which is correct, their sons John and James went to Ontario.
There is a photo of Isaac Clugston (1866-1945) here:

    John Clugston 1819-1900 Farmer (age 50 in 1871)
      = Rachael Bell 1831-feb (age 48 in 1881) (age 39 in 1871) b Toronto
        (John arrived in Ontario 1837)
        (1851: 155 East Grey, Euphrasia. Canada)
        James Clugston 1848.6.1-1935
          = Esther Jane Armstrong 1863.4.26- m 1884.2.28 (listed as John in 1851)
            John James Clugston 1884.11.28-  (single in 1911)
            William George Clugston 1894.9.19- (single in 1911)
        Ann Clugston 1850.2-1928.4.10 d. Grey, Ontario
        Sarah Clugston 1855.11.5 - 1940
          = William Armstrong
        John Clugston 1855-1861? age 4 in 1861
        Robert Clugston 1857-1871
        Joseph Clugston 1858-1884
        John Clugston 1870 -1934.12.13 Ontario Farmer
          = Virginia Ida McNeece 1879-1966 m 1907.3.12 (Virginia dau John McNeece & Margaret Mcafee)
            Inez Clugston (died young)
            Lilian Clugston 1907.7.5 - 1979.12 = Christopher Bowes
            May Clugston 1910.3.25 - 1987.11 = James Smith
            Ezra Clugston 1915.5.2 - = Marian Laycock
            Ines Virginia Clugston 1919-1917.11.13 (died infancy) d. Meaford, Grey
        Eliza Clugston 1865.8- 1948.8  b. Euphrasia d. Meaford, Grey
        Mary Jane Clugston 1869.10.20-1941.7.27
          = Ezra Lougheed
        William Clugston 1872.1.1-1947.3 Ontario  Farmer
          = Rhoda Yeadell 1972-1947.3 m 1908.3
        Margaret Rachel(?) Clugston 1874.12.30   School teacher
          = John Mowat
        Robert Smith Clugston 1877.3.26-1944.11.27 b. Euphrasia
          = Marjory Gould 1876-1928 m 1902.4.2
            Cecil Clugston 1904.5.24
            Pearl Clugston 1906.10.13
            Calvin Clugston 1909.8.10- = Margaret McKenzie
    John James Clugston 1829.6.15 - 1906 b. Ireland, arrived Canada 1844. Farmer (50 in 1881)
      = Ann Knott 1843.3.8 - 1931.6.4 b. Sligo, Connacht, Ireland d. Meaford, Grey Co, Ontario m 1858.1.23 Grey, Ontario 
        (Ann dau of James Knott 1815-1881.4.21 and Rachel Taylor 1840-1888.7.10. They arrived in Canada 1844)
        (Bought farm at Euphrasia, Canada in March 1856.)
        (Buried Temple Hill Cemetary Euphrasia, Canada)
        Sarah Jane Clugston 1859.6.1 = John D. McArthur
        Rachel Clugston 1861.8.28-1945.8.30 = William Abercrombie
        John James Clugston 1863.12.9 - 1866.5.16
        Isaac Clugston 1866.07.21 - 1943.8.20  b Ontario  Carriageman
          = Clem B 1872.11.14  m 1894.10.26
            James J Clugston 1896-01-12
            Fred Wellington Clugston 1898-03-15
            Clark D Clugston 1900-08-15
        Rebecca Eleanor Clugston 1874.9.16-1929.10.21 = James Smyth
        Elijah Clugston 1868.06.19 -1961.9.24 b. &d. Ontario
          =1 Jane Lougheed
          =2 Ellen May Black 1881-1971
            Stanley James Clugston 1905.8.12-1989
            William Howard Clugston 1907.5.26-1983
            Jean Margaret Clugston 1909.2-
            Dr. Maurice Knott Clugston 1913 - 2010.3.28 = Caroline Clark
        Margaret Clugston age 2 months in 1871 (died young)
        Robert Ewart Clugston 1877.10.29 b Ontario Blacksmith (Port of Richmond in South Vancouver)
          = Jane Burr
        James Frazer Clugston 1880.07.17 -1947.7.29 = Lily May Crabtree 1881-1947
        Annie Louisa Clugston 1882.12.19 - 1950.11.21
        Milton Taylor Clugston 1885.12.28 - 1974
        Harrold Smyth Clugston 1889.01.29 - 1974.8
    Robert Clugston 1827 - 1898.1.12 b Fermanagh, Ireland retired farmer   Yeoman in 1851. Presby.
        (age 26 in 1851, age 36 in 1861
        = Elizabeth Knott 1839-1924.3.2 b. Sligo, Ireland Church of Engl. age 18 in 1851
        (155 East Grey, Euphrasia. Canada in 1851, lived next door to John Clugston&Rachel Bell)
        (His gravestone says, Robert Clugston d. 1898.1.12 native of Armagh Co Ireland.
        The 1891 census says born Fermanagh)

I think it is very likely that this is the other son of James and Sarah Knott.

Robert Clugston 1836.5.12-1908.3.23 b Ireland d. Kingston, Ontario. Stone mason
   = Elizabeth Mcmahon 1838.8.12- b Ontario
    (Robert emmigrated to Canada 1851)
    (1871 "Cluxton": Rideau Ward, Kingston, Frontenac, Ontario)
    (1881 "Cluxton": Rideau Ward, Kingston, Ontario. Presbyterian)
    (1891 "Clugston": Rideau Ward, Kingston, Ontario. Church of England)
    (1901 "Clugston": Rideau Ward, Kingston, Ontario. Presbyterian)
    William Robert Clugston 1864.10.12-1935.3.20 b Ontario. Mason 
       = Hannah Zeigler m 1916.2.10 Kingston, Ontario
    Thomas Alexander Clugston 1864.10.12- b Ontario. Mason
      = Fannie 1879.7.22 b Ontario
       (1901 "Clugston": Rideau Ward, Kingston, Ontario. Presbyterian)
    Ann Eliza Cluxton 1866- b Ontario

Thomas Clugston of Tullymurry, Donaghmore, Count Down

There was another family in Ballintate, near Whitecross. Unlike the others, they were Church of Ireland. They attended Glascar Presbyterian church in County Down until about 1830, then Ballymoyer Church of Ireland in Armagh. This church is actually at the edge of the grounds of Ballymoyer House. I suspect that Thomas was employed on the estate.

Thomas was a ploughman in Ballintate. His first child was born in 1826, so he was probably born around 1800. Ann’s maiden name may be Willoughby.

Their son Andrew lived in a cottage of Ballymoyer House, and was probably the groundskeeper.

Thomas Clugston = Anne ??. Ploughman
    (1826-1829: Tullymurry, Donaghmore, County Down)
    (1833: Ballintate, County Armagh)
    Marianna Cluxton 1826.12.2-1853.9.26 (age 14 on 1840.9.22 ) b Tullymurry d. Ballintemple
    Andrew Clugston 1829.1 (age 15 in 1843) Ballintate
    Isabella Cluxton b 1833.9.27 bap 1833.10.20
    Frederick Willoughby Clugston b 1838.4.27 bap 1838.6.3 b Ballintate

This is clearly the family recorded in Glascar Presbyterian Church, who were living at Tullymurry, Donaghmore, County Down.
Clugston Mary Anne first dau to Thos. of Tillymurry, born 2nd of Decr. 1826.
Clugston Andrew 1st son to Thomas of Tullymury born in January 1829.

It is possible that Frederick went to Australia; I haven’t found any other possible trace of him. The record below is probably Frederick Charles Claxton died 1909, son of William and Susannah, wife Sarah Jane, children born 1880-1904.

Frederick Cluxton, unclaimed mail in Sydney 1875.5.28
John Cluxton, unclaimed mail in Sydney 1876.7.4
John Cluxton of Bathurst, unclaimed mail Sydney 1858.6.25

There is another Frederick Cluxton born 1850 in Ontario.

Andrew of Ballymoyer House may be from this family.

Thomas Clugston
    Andrew Clugston 1832-1895 
     = Anne Reynolds m 1855.5.31 Ballymoyer, Armagh (Anne daughter of Thomas Reynolds)
        (1864: Cavanakill 1c) 
        Thomas Clugston 1856.3.14 bap 1856.4.3 b. Ballymoyer House, Cavanakill
        Mary Anne Cluxton 1858.1.15-1912 b Ballymoyer House
          = Henry Harper Crummey 1849- b Bangalore, India. Army Pensioner
            m 1880.Q2 Banbridge, County Down
            (moved to Surrey by 1886, then to West Ham, Essex)
        Andrew Cluxton 1864.8.2-1949  b Mount Norris, Armagh d Leek, Staffordshire. Railway detective.
          = Emma Peach 1872-  b Wandsworth, Surrey
           (Moved to Middlesex, England)
            Annie E Cluxton 1899-  b St Pancras, London

A big mystery is Anne Cluxton. She lives in Ballintemple, right next to Ballymyre house (thus very close to Andrew Clugston). This is not very close to Thomas Clugston wife of Jane Martin, and seems born too late to be his sister. She is far too old to be Anne Reynolds.
Thus, she is probably Thomas’s wife and the father of Andrew.

Ann Clugston 1799-1882.4.5 d Ballymoyer. Buried Ballymoyer Old Cemetery. Died age 83.
(1864: Ballintemple 7Ab. House only, price 0-15-0)

Thomas Andrew Cluxton = {Mary Elizabeth Kent or Emma Peach}. m 1898 Islington, England

Andrew 1839-1912 b Belfast, 1843 Customs Watcher/Police Constable, d. 1912 Essex.
  = Emma ?? 1842-1905 b Spacton, Somerset
  married 1864 Kent, in 1881, 1901, 1911 census
  (1881: 4 Tilbury Rd West Ham)

Ada Martha Clugston 1873- b Little Ilford, Essex
1891: Coal Exchange, Lower Thames St, St Mary At Hill, London, with Herod & Jane Hammond

Robert Clugston 1882-1940 d. East Ham, Essex

William Clugston 1871-1955 d. Dover, Kent

Margaret Clugston 1863- b Middlesex. Housemaid
  (1881: Cottingham House, Addington Rd, Reading St Giles, Reading, Berkshire)

Andrew Clugston = Margaret McIlroy m 1855 Newry

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